File 0001-Workaround-volatile-efi-boot-variable.patch of Package grub2

From 71575829c303fe8522b46fc96b1f99f1aa4178e7 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Michael Chang <mchang@suse.com>
Date: Fri, 19 Mar 2021 22:58:45 +0800
Subject: [PATCH] Workaround volatile efi boot variable

The efi variable in Microsoft Azure virtual machine is volatile that it cannot
persist across power cycling. If we use efi variable to communicate with efi
boot manager for booting a distribution, the process would silently fail as the
default loader in the efi system partition will start to take over the process
whenever the efi variable evaporated.

That will lead to undefined symbol error one day as the default path didn't
receive any grub update so it cannot keep up with new ABI requirement by
updated grub modules.

The patch will try to workaround the problem by providing grub update to the
default path along with the distribution specific one. To avoid negative side
effects of inadvertently overwritting other loader intended in default path,
care must be taken to ensure that:

1. The workaround only takes place on detected Azure virtual machine
2. The default path is not in use by shim for the secure boot
---
 Makefile.util.def                             |   1 +
 .../osdep/basic/efi_removable_fallback.c      |  26 +++
 grub-core/osdep/efi_removable_fallback.c      |   5 +
 .../osdep/linux/efi_removable_fallback.c      | 151 ++++++++++++++++++
 include/grub/util/install.h                   |   3 +
 util/grub-install.c                           |  19 +++
 6 files changed, 205 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 grub-core/osdep/basic/efi_removable_fallback.c
 create mode 100644 grub-core/osdep/efi_removable_fallback.c
 create mode 100644 grub-core/osdep/linux/efi_removable_fallback.c

diff --git a/Makefile.util.def b/Makefile.util.def
index 2eaa3ff68..018874ab5 100644
--- a/Makefile.util.def
+++ b/Makefile.util.def
@@ -652,6 +652,7 @@ program = {
   common = grub-core/kern/emu/argp_common.c;
   common = grub-core/osdep/init.c;
   common = grub-core/osdep/journaled_fs.c;
+  common = grub-core/osdep/efi_removable_fallback.c;
 
   ldadd = '$(LIBLZMA)';
   ldadd = libgrubmods.a;
diff --git a/grub-core/osdep/basic/efi_removable_fallback.c b/grub-core/osdep/basic/efi_removable_fallback.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..3f782f764
--- /dev/null
+++ b/grub-core/osdep/basic/efi_removable_fallback.c
@@ -0,0 +1,26 @@
+/*
+ *  GRUB  --  GRand Unified Bootloader
+ *  Copyright (C) 2013 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+ *
+ *  GRUB is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ *  the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
+ *  (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ *  GRUB is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ *  GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ *  along with GRUB.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#include <grub/util/install.h>
+
+const char *
+grub_install_efi_removable_fallback (const char *efidir, enum grub_install_plat platform)
+{
+  return NULL;
+}
+
diff --git a/grub-core/osdep/efi_removable_fallback.c b/grub-core/osdep/efi_removable_fallback.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..615a60831
--- /dev/null
+++ b/grub-core/osdep/efi_removable_fallback.c
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+#ifdef __linux__
+#include "linux/efi_removable_fallback.c"
+#else
+#include "basic/efi_removable_fallback.c"
+#endif
diff --git a/grub-core/osdep/linux/efi_removable_fallback.c b/grub-core/osdep/linux/efi_removable_fallback.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..7375fb0c2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/grub-core/osdep/linux/efi_removable_fallback.c
@@ -0,0 +1,151 @@
+/*
+ *  GRUB  --  GRand Unified Bootloader
+ *  Copyright (C) 2013 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+ *
+ *  GRUB is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ *  the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
+ *  (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ *  GRUB is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ *  GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ *  along with GRUB.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#include <config.h>
+
+#include <grub/util/install.h>
+#include <grub/emu/exec.h>
+#include <grub/emu/misc.h>
+#include <string.h>
+
+static char *
+get_dmi_id (const char *id)
+{
+  FILE *fp;
+  char *buf = NULL;
+  size_t len = 0;
+
+  char *dmi_entry;
+
+  dmi_entry = grub_util_path_concat (2, "/sys/class/dmi/id", id);
+
+  fp = grub_util_fopen (dmi_entry, "r");
+  if (!fp)
+    {
+      free (dmi_entry);
+      return NULL;
+    }
+
+  if (getline (&buf, &len, fp) == -1)
+    {
+      fclose (fp);
+      free (dmi_entry);
+      return NULL;
+    }
+
+  fclose (fp);
+  free (dmi_entry);
+  return buf;
+}
+
+
+static struct dmi {
+  const char *id;
+  const char *val;
+} azure_dmi [3] = {
+  {"bios_vendor", "Microsoft Corporation"},
+  {"product_name", "Virtual Machine"},
+  {"sys_vendor", "Microsoft Corporation"},
+};
+
+static int
+is_azure (void)
+{
+  int i;
+  int n = sizeof (azure_dmi) / sizeof (struct dmi);
+
+  for (i = 0; i < n; ++i)
+    {
+      char *val;
+
+      val = get_dmi_id (azure_dmi[i].id);
+      if (!val)
+	break;
+      if (strncmp (val, azure_dmi[i].val, strlen (azure_dmi[i].val)) != 0)
+	{
+	  free (val);
+	  break;
+	}
+      free (val);
+    }
+
+  return (i == n) ? 1 : 0;
+}
+
+static int
+guess_shim_installed (const char *instdir)
+{
+  const char *shim[] = {"fallback.efi", "MokManager.efi", NULL};
+  const char **s;
+
+  for (s = shim; *s ; ++s)
+    {
+      char *p = grub_util_path_concat (2, instdir, *s);
+
+      if (access (p, F_OK) == 0)
+	{
+	  free (p);
+	  return 1;
+	}
+      free (p);
+    }
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+const char *
+grub_install_efi_removable_fallback (const char *efidir, enum grub_install_plat platform)
+{
+  char *instdir;
+
+  if (!is_azure ())
+    return NULL;
+
+  instdir = grub_util_path_concat (3, efidir, "EFI", "BOOT");
+
+  if (guess_shim_installed (instdir))
+    {
+      grub_util_info ("skip removable fallback occupied by shim");
+      return NULL;
+    }
+
+  free (instdir);
+
+  switch (platform)
+    {
+    case GRUB_INSTALL_PLATFORM_I386_EFI:
+      return "BOOTIA32.EFI";
+    case GRUB_INSTALL_PLATFORM_X86_64_EFI:
+      return "BOOTX64.EFI";
+    case GRUB_INSTALL_PLATFORM_IA64_EFI:
+      return "BOOTIA64.EFI";
+    case GRUB_INSTALL_PLATFORM_ARM_EFI:
+      return "BOOTARM.EFI";
+    case GRUB_INSTALL_PLATFORM_ARM64_EFI:
+      return "BOOTAA64.EFI";
+    case GRUB_INSTALL_PLATFORM_RISCV32_EFI:
+      return "BOOTRISCV32.EFI";
+    case GRUB_INSTALL_PLATFORM_RISCV64_EFI:
+      return "BOOTRISCV64.EFI";
+    default:
+      grub_util_error ("%s", _("You've found a bug"));
+      break;
+    }
+  return NULL;
+}
+
diff --git a/include/grub/util/install.h b/include/grub/util/install.h
index 1541ee233..cedc5f856 100644
--- a/include/grub/util/install.h
+++ b/include/grub/util/install.h
@@ -274,4 +274,7 @@ grub_install_is_short_mbrgap_supported(void);
 
 int
 grub_install_sync_fs_journal (const char *path);
+
+const char *
+grub_install_efi_removable_fallback (const char *efidir, enum grub_install_plat platform);
 #endif
diff --git a/util/grub-install.c b/util/grub-install.c
index b37f3ca26..e20b3c6b9 100644
--- a/util/grub-install.c
+++ b/util/grub-install.c
@@ -885,6 +885,7 @@ main (int argc, char *argv[])
   const char *pkgdatadir;
   char *rootdir_path;
   char **rootdir_devices;
+  char *efidir_root;
 
   grub_util_host_init (&argc, &argv);
   product_version = xstrdup (PACKAGE_VERSION);
@@ -1142,6 +1143,7 @@ main (int argc, char *argv[])
 	}
       if (!efidir)
 	grub_util_error ("%s", _("cannot find EFI directory"));
+      efidir_root = grub_strdup (efidir);
       efidir_device_names = grub_guess_root_devices (efidir);
       if (!efidir_device_names || !efidir_device_names[0])
 	grub_util_error (_("cannot find a device for %s (is /dev mounted?)"),
@@ -2159,6 +2161,23 @@ main (int argc, char *argv[])
 	    free (grub_efi_cfg);
 	  }
       }
+      if (!removable)
+	{
+	  const char *f;
+
+	  f = grub_install_efi_removable_fallback (efidir_root, platform);
+	  if (f)
+	    {
+	      char *t = grub_util_path_concat (3, efidir_root, "EFI", "BOOT");
+	      char *dst = grub_util_path_concat (2, t, f);
+
+	      grub_install_mkdir_p (t);
+	      fprintf (stderr, _("Install to %s as fallback.\n"), dst);
+	      grub_install_copy_file (imgfile, dst, 1);
+	      grub_free (t);
+	      grub_free (dst);
+	    }
+	}
       if (!removable && update_nvram)
 	{
 	  char * efifile_path;
-- 
2.26.2
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