File gdb-6.6-buildid-locate-core-as-arg.patch of Package gdb.783

http://sourceware.org/ml/gdb-patches/2010-01/msg00558.html
Subject: Re: [patch] print a more useful error message for "gdb core"

[ Fixed up since the mail.  ]

On Thu, 21 Jan 2010 18:17:15 +0100, Doug Evans wrote:
> Not an exhaustive list, but if we go down the path of converting "gdb
> corefile" to "gdb -c corefile", then we also need to think about "file
> corefile" being converted to "core corefile" [or "target core
> corefile", "core" is apparently deprecated in favor of "target core"]
> and "target exec corefile" -> "target core corefile".  Presumably
> "file corefile" (and "target exec corefile") would discard the
> currently selected executable.  But maybe not.  Will that be confusing
> for users?  I don't know.

While thinking about it overriding some GDB _commands_ was not my intention.

There is a general assumption if I have a shell COMMAND and some FILE I can do
$ COMMAND FILE
and COMMAND will appropriately load the FILE.

FSF GDB currently needs to specify also the executable file for core files
which already inhibits this intuitive expectation.  OTOH with the build-id
locating patch which could allow such intuitive start  notneeding the
executable file.  Still it currently did not work due to the required "-c":
$ COMMAND -c COREFILE

Entering "file", "core-file" or "attach" commands is already explicit enough
so that it IMO should do what the command name says without any
autodetections.  The second command line argument
(captured_main->pid_or_core_arg) is also autodetected (for PID or CORE) but
neither "attach" accepts a core file nor "core-file" accepts a PID.


The patch makes sense only with the build-id patchset so this is not submit
for FSF GDB inclusion yet.  I am fine with your patch (+/- Hui Zhu's pending
bfd_check_format_matches) as the patch below is its natural extension.


Sorry for the delay,
Jan


2010-01-25  Jan Kratochvil  <jan.kratochvil@redhat.com>

	* exceptions.h (enum errors <IS_CORE_ERROR>): New.
	* exec.c: Include exceptions.h.
	(exec_file_attach <bfd_core>): Call throw_error (IS_CORE_ERROR, ...).
	* main.c (exec_or_core_file_attach): New.
	(captured_main <optind < argc>): Set also corearg.
	(captured_main <strcmp (execarg, symarg) == 0>): New variable func.
	Call exec_or_core_file_attach if COREARG matches EXECARG.  Call
	symbol_file_add_main only if CORE_BFD remained NULL.

Http://sourceware.org/ml/gdb-patches/2010-01/msg00517.html
2010-01-20  Doug Evans  <dje@google.com>

	* exec.c (exec_file_attach): Print a more useful error message if the
	user did "gdb core".

Index: gdb-7.8.50.20141228/gdb/exec.c
===================================================================
--- gdb-7.8.50.20141228.orig/gdb/exec.c	2015-01-03 23:18:38.097427908 +0100
+++ gdb-7.8.50.20141228/gdb/exec.c	2015-01-03 23:19:02.448556391 +0100
@@ -35,6 +35,7 @@
 #include "progspace.h"
 #include "gdb_bfd.h"
 #include "gcore.h"
+#include "exceptions.h"
 
 #include <fcntl.h>
 #include "readline/readline.h"
@@ -222,12 +223,27 @@ exec_file_attach (const char *filename,
 
       if (!bfd_check_format_matches (exec_bfd, bfd_object, &matching))
 	{
+	  int is_core;
+
+	  /* If the user accidentally did "gdb core", print a useful
+	     error message.  Check it only after bfd_object has been checked as
+	     a valid executable may get recognized for example also as
+	     "trad-core".  */
+	  is_core = bfd_check_format (exec_bfd, bfd_core);
+
 	  /* Make sure to close exec_bfd, or else "run" might try to use
 	     it.  */
 	  exec_close ();
-	  error (_("\"%s\": not in executable format: %s"),
-		 scratch_pathname,
-		 gdb_bfd_errmsg (bfd_get_error (), matching));
+
+	  if (is_core != 0)
+	    throw_error (IS_CORE_ERROR,
+		   _("\"%s\" is a core file.\n"
+		     "Please specify an executable to debug."),
+		   scratch_pathname);
+	  else
+	    error (_("\"%s\": not in executable format: %s"),
+		   scratch_pathname,
+		   gdb_bfd_errmsg (bfd_get_error (), matching));
 	}
 
       if (build_section_table (exec_bfd, &sections, &sections_end))
Index: gdb-7.8.50.20141228/gdb/main.c
===================================================================
--- gdb-7.8.50.20141228.orig/gdb/main.c	2015-01-03 23:18:38.098427913 +0100
+++ gdb-7.8.50.20141228/gdb/main.c	2015-01-03 23:22:10.157546792 +0100
@@ -426,6 +426,36 @@ typedef struct cmdarg {
 /* Define type VEC (cmdarg_s).  */
 DEF_VEC_O (cmdarg_s);
 
+/* Call exec_file_attach.  If it detected FILENAME is a core file call
+   core_file_command.  Print the original exec_file_attach error only if
+   core_file_command failed to find a matching executable.  */
+
+static void
+exec_or_core_file_attach (const char *filename, int from_tty)
+{
+  volatile struct gdb_exception e;
+
+  gdb_assert (exec_bfd == NULL);
+
+  TRY_CATCH (e, RETURN_MASK_ALL)
+    {
+      exec_file_attach (filename, from_tty);
+    }
+  if (e.reason < 0)
+    {
+      if (e.error == IS_CORE_ERROR)
+	{
+	  core_file_command ((char *) filename, from_tty);
+
+	  /* Iff the core file found its executable suppress the error message
+	     from exec_file_attach.  */
+	  if (exec_bfd != NULL)
+	    return;
+	}
+      throw_exception (e);
+    }
+}
+
 static int
 captured_main (void *data)
 {
@@ -910,6 +940,8 @@ captured_main (void *data)
 	{
 	  symarg = argv[optind];
 	  execarg = argv[optind];
+	  if (optind + 1 == argc && corearg == NULL)
+	    corearg = argv[optind];
 	  optind++;
 	}
 
@@ -1069,11 +1101,26 @@ captured_main (void *data)
       && symarg != NULL
       && strcmp (execarg, symarg) == 0)
     {
+      catch_command_errors_const_ftype *func;
+
+      /* Call exec_or_core_file_attach only if the file was specified as
+	 a command line argument (and not an a command line option).  */
+      if (corearg != NULL && strcmp (corearg, execarg) == 0)
+	{
+	  func = exec_or_core_file_attach;
+	  corearg = NULL;
+	}
+      else
+	func = exec_file_attach;
+
       /* The exec file and the symbol-file are the same.  If we can't
          open it, better only print one error message.
-         catch_command_errors returns non-zero on success!  */
-      if (catch_command_errors_const (exec_file_attach, execarg,
-				      !batch_flag, RETURN_MASK_ALL))
+         catch_command_errors returns non-zero on success!
+	 Do not load EXECARG as a symbol file if it has been already processed
+	 as a core file.  */
+      if (catch_command_errors_const (func, execarg, !batch_flag,
+				      RETURN_MASK_ALL)
+	  && core_bfd == NULL)
 	catch_command_errors_const (symbol_file_add_main, symarg,
 				    !batch_flag, RETURN_MASK_ALL);
     }
Index: gdb-7.8.50.20141228/gdb/common/common-exceptions.h
===================================================================
--- gdb-7.8.50.20141228.orig/gdb/common/common-exceptions.h	2015-01-03 23:18:38.097427908 +0100
+++ gdb-7.8.50.20141228/gdb/common/common-exceptions.h	2015-01-03 23:19:02.449556396 +0100
@@ -99,6 +99,9 @@ enum errors {
   /* Requested feature, method, mechanism, etc. is not supported.  */
   NOT_SUPPORTED_ERROR,
 
+  /* Attempt to load a core file as executable.  */
+  IS_CORE_ERROR,
+
   /* Add more errors here.  */
   NR_ERRORS
 };