File gzip-rsyncable.diff of Package gzip.6217

NOTE: this patch is for _gzip_!

This is pending for actual inclusion in gzip.  It is currently being
tried out in the default gzip for Debian Sarge, and may go into the
upstream gzip at somepoint in the not-too-distant future.

================================================================================
Index: gzip-1.5/deflate.c
===================================================================
--- gzip-1.5.orig/deflate.c	2012-04-24 18:25:28.000000000 +0200
+++ gzip-1.5/deflate.c	2012-10-16 13:56:09.316621817 +0200
@@ -131,6 +131,14 @@
 #endif
 /* Matches of length 3 are discarded if their distance exceeds TOO_FAR */
 
+#ifndef RSYNC_WIN
+#  define RSYNC_WIN 4096
+#endif
+/* Size of rsync window, must be < MAX_DIST */
+
+#define RSYNC_SUM_MATCH(sum) ((sum) % RSYNC_WIN == 0)
+/* Whether window sum matches magic value */
+
 /* ===========================================================================
  * Local data used by the "longest match" routines.
  */
@@ -212,6 +220,8 @@ local int compr_level;
 unsigned good_match;
 /* Use a faster search when the previous match is longer than this */
 
+local ulg rsync_sum;  /* rolling sum of rsync window */
+local ulg rsync_chunk_end; /* next rsync sequence point */
 
 /* Values for max_lazy_match, good_match and max_chain_length, depending on
  * the desired pack level (0..9). The values given below have been tuned to
@@ -314,6 +324,10 @@ void lm_init (pack_level, flags)
 #endif
     /* prev will be initialized on the fly */
 
+    /* rsync params */
+    rsync_chunk_end = 0xFFFFFFFFUL;
+    rsync_sum = 0;
+
     /* Set the default configuration parameters:
      */
     max_lazy_match   = configuration_table[pack_level].max_lazy;
@@ -550,6 +564,8 @@ local void fill_window()
         memcpy((char*)window, (char*)window+WSIZE, (unsigned)WSIZE);
         match_start -= WSIZE;
         strstart    -= WSIZE; /* we now have strstart >= MAX_DIST: */
+	if (rsync_chunk_end != 0xFFFFFFFFUL)
+	    rsync_chunk_end -= WSIZE;
 
         block_start -= (long) WSIZE;
 
@@ -579,13 +595,46 @@ local void fill_window()
     }
 }
 
+local void rsync_roll(start, num)
+    unsigned start;
+    unsigned num;
+{
+    unsigned i;
+
+    if (start < RSYNC_WIN) {
+	/* before window fills. */
+	for (i = start; i < RSYNC_WIN; i++) {
+	    if (i == start + num) return;
+	    rsync_sum += (ulg)window[i];
+	}
+	num -= (RSYNC_WIN - start);
+	start = RSYNC_WIN;
+    }
+
+    /* buffer after window full */
+    for (i = start; i < start+num; i++) {
+	/* New character in */
+	rsync_sum += (ulg)window[i];
+	/* Old character out */
+	rsync_sum -= (ulg)window[i - RSYNC_WIN];
+	if (rsync_chunk_end == 0xFFFFFFFFUL && RSYNC_SUM_MATCH(rsync_sum))
+	    rsync_chunk_end = i;
+    }
+}
+
+/* ===========================================================================
+ * Set rsync_chunk_end if window sum matches magic value.
+ */
+#define RSYNC_ROLL(s, n) \
+   do { if (rsync) rsync_roll((s), (n)); } while(0)
+
 /* ===========================================================================
  * Flush the current block, with given end-of-file flag.
  * IN assertion: strstart is set to the end of the current match.
  */
 #define FLUSH_BLOCK(eof) \
    flush_block(block_start >= 0L ? (char*)&window[(unsigned)block_start] : \
-                (char*)NULL, (long)strstart - block_start, (eof))
+                (char*)NULL, (long)strstart - block_start, flush-1, (eof))
 
 /* ===========================================================================
  * Processes a new input file and return its compressed length. This
@@ -596,7 +645,7 @@ local void fill_window()
 local off_t deflate_fast()
 {
     IPos hash_head; /* head of the hash chain */
-    int flush;      /* set if current block must be flushed */
+    int flush;      /* set if current block must be flushed, 2=>and padded  */
     unsigned match_length = 0;  /* length of best match */
 
     prev_length = MIN_MATCH-1;
@@ -626,6 +675,7 @@ local off_t deflate_fast()
 
             lookahead -= match_length;
 
+	    RSYNC_ROLL(strstart, match_length);
             /* Insert new strings in the hash table only if the match length
              * is not too large. This saves time but degrades compression.
              */
@@ -655,8 +705,13 @@ local off_t deflate_fast()
             Tracevv((stderr,"%c",window[strstart]));
             flush = ct_tally (0, window[strstart]);
             lookahead--;
+            RSYNC_ROLL(strstart, 1);
             strstart++;
         }
+        if (rsync && strstart > rsync_chunk_end) {
+            rsync_chunk_end = 0xFFFFFFFFUL;
+            flush = 2;
+        }
         if (flush) FLUSH_BLOCK(0), block_start = strstart;
 
         /* Make sure that we always have enough lookahead, except
@@ -730,6 +785,7 @@ off_t deflate()
              */
             lookahead -= prev_length-1;
             prev_length -= 2;
+	    RSYNC_ROLL(strstart, prev_length+1);
             do {
                 strstart++;
                 INSERT_STRING(strstart, hash_head);
@@ -742,24 +798,39 @@ off_t deflate()
             match_available = 0;
             match_length = MIN_MATCH-1;
             strstart++;
-            if (flush) FLUSH_BLOCK(0), block_start = strstart;
 
+	    if (rsync && strstart > rsync_chunk_end) {
+		rsync_chunk_end = 0xFFFFFFFFUL;
+		flush = 2;
+	    }
+            if (flush) FLUSH_BLOCK(0), block_start = strstart;
         } else if (match_available) {
             /* If there was no match at the previous position, output a
              * single literal. If there was a match but the current match
              * is longer, truncate the previous match to a single literal.
              */
             Tracevv((stderr,"%c",window[strstart-1]));
-            if (ct_tally (0, window[strstart-1])) {
-                FLUSH_BLOCK(0), block_start = strstart;
-            }
+	    flush = ct_tally (0, window[strstart-1]);
+	    if (rsync && strstart > rsync_chunk_end) {
+		rsync_chunk_end = 0xFFFFFFFFUL;
+		flush = 2;
+	    }
+            if (flush) FLUSH_BLOCK(0), block_start = strstart;
+	    RSYNC_ROLL(strstart, 1);
             strstart++;
             lookahead--;
         } else {
             /* There is no previous match to compare with, wait for
              * the next step to decide.
              */
+	    if (rsync && strstart > rsync_chunk_end) {
+		/* Reset huffman tree */
+		rsync_chunk_end = 0xFFFFFFFFUL;
+		flush = 2;
+		FLUSH_BLOCK(0), block_start = strstart;
+	    }
             match_available = 1;
+	    RSYNC_ROLL(strstart, 1);
             strstart++;
             lookahead--;
         }
Index: gzip-1.5/doc/gzip.texi
===================================================================
--- gzip-1.5.orig/doc/gzip.texi	2012-01-01 09:53:58.000000000 +0100
+++ gzip-1.5/doc/gzip.texi	2012-10-16 13:56:09.317621847 +0200
@@ -353,6 +353,14 @@ specified on the command line are direct
 into the directory and compress all the files it finds there (or
 decompress them in the case of @command{gunzip}).
 
+@item --rsyncable
+While compressing, synchronize the output occasionally based on the
+input.  This increases size by less than 1 percent most cases, but
+means that the @code{rsync} program can take advantage of similarities
+in the uncompressed input when syncronizing two files compressed with
+this flag.  @code{gunzip} cannot tell the difference between a
+compressed file created with this option, and one created without it.
+
 @item --suffix @var{suf}
 @itemx -S @var{suf}
 Use suffix @var{suf} instead of @samp{.gz}.  Any suffix can be
Index: gzip-1.5/gzip.c
===================================================================
--- gzip-1.5.orig/gzip.c	2012-04-24 18:25:28.000000000 +0200
+++ gzip-1.5/gzip.c	2012-10-16 13:56:09.318621877 +0200
@@ -213,6 +213,7 @@ int  ofd;                  /* output fil
 unsigned insize;           /* valid bytes in inbuf */
 unsigned inptr;            /* index of next byte to be processed in inbuf */
 unsigned outcnt;           /* bytes in output buffer */
+int rsync = 0;             /* make ryncable chunks */
 
 static int handled_sig[] =
   {
@@ -270,6 +271,7 @@ static const struct option longopts[] =
     {"best",       0, 0, '9'}, /* compress better */
     {"lzw",        0, 0, 'Z'}, /* make output compatible with old compress */
     {"bits",       1, 0, 'b'}, /* max number of bits per code (implies -Z) */
+    {"rsyncable",  0, 0, 'R'}, /* make rsync-friendly archive */
 
     { 0, 0, 0, 0 }
 };
@@ -353,6 +355,7 @@ local void help()
  "  -Z, --lzw         produce output compatible with old compress",
  "  -b, --bits=BITS   max number of bits per code (implies -Z)",
 #endif
+ "      --rsyncable   Make rsync-friendly archive",
  "",
  "With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input.",
  "",
@@ -482,6 +485,8 @@ int main (int argc, char **argv)
             recursive = 1;
 #endif
             break;
+	case 'R':
+	    rsync = 1; break;
         case 'S':
 #ifdef NO_MULTIPLE_DOTS
             if (*optarg == '.') optarg++;
Index: gzip-1.5/gzip.h
===================================================================
--- gzip-1.5.orig/gzip.h	2012-01-01 09:53:58.000000000 +0100
+++ gzip-1.5/gzip.h	2012-10-16 14:01:29.319241177 +0200
@@ -140,6 +140,7 @@ EXTERN(uch, window);         /* Sliding
 extern unsigned insize; /* valid bytes in inbuf */
 extern unsigned inptr;  /* index of next byte to be processed in inbuf */
 extern unsigned outcnt; /* bytes in output buffer */
+extern int rsync;  /* deflate into rsyncable chunks */
 
 extern off_t bytes_in;   /* number of input bytes */
 extern off_t bytes_out;  /* number of output bytes */
@@ -287,7 +288,7 @@ extern off_t deflate (void);
         /* in trees.c */
 extern void ct_init     (ush *attr, int *method);
 extern int  ct_tally    (int dist, int lc);
-extern off_t flush_block (char *buf, ulg stored_len, int eof);
+extern off_t flush_block (char *buf, ulg stored_len, int pad, int eof);
 
         /* in bits.c */
 extern void     bi_init    (file_t zipfile);
Index: gzip-1.5/trees.c
===================================================================
--- gzip-1.5.orig/trees.c	2012-01-01 09:53:58.000000000 +0100
+++ gzip-1.5/trees.c	2012-10-16 13:56:09.318621877 +0200
@@ -59,12 +59,13 @@
  *      void ct_tally (int dist, int lc);
  *          Save the match info and tally the frequency counts.
  *
- *      off_t flush_block (char *buf, ulg stored_len, int eof)
+ *      off_t flush_block (char *buf, ulg stored_len, int pad, int eof)
  *          Determine the best encoding for the current block: dynamic trees,
  *          static trees or store, and output the encoded block to the zip
- *          file. Returns the total compressed length for the file so far.
- *
- */
+ *          file. If pad is set, pads the block to the next
+ *          byte. Returns the total compressed length for the file so
+ *          far.
+ * */
 
 #include <config.h>
 #include <ctype.h>
@@ -856,9 +857,10 @@ local void send_all_trees(lcodes, dcodes
  * trees or store, and output the encoded block to the zip file. This function
  * returns the total compressed length for the file so far.
  */
-off_t flush_block(buf, stored_len, eof)
+off_t flush_block(buf, stored_len, pad, eof)
     char *buf;        /* input block, or NULL if too old */
     ulg stored_len;   /* length of input block */
+    int pad;          /* pad output to byte boundary */
     int eof;          /* true if this is the last block for a file */
 {
     ulg opt_lenb, static_lenb; /* opt_len and static_len in bytes */
@@ -951,6 +953,10 @@ off_t flush_block(buf, stored_len, eof)
         Assert (input_len == bytes_in, "bad input size");
         bi_windup();
         compressed_len += 7;  /* align on byte boundary */
+    } else if (pad && (compressed_len % 8) != 0) {
+        send_bits((STORED_BLOCK<<1)+eof, 3);  /* send block type */
+        compressed_len = (compressed_len + 3 + 7) & ~7L;
+        copy_block(buf, 0, 1); /* with header */
     }
 
     return compressed_len >> 3;
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