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File guile-use-utf8.patch of Package guile

diff --git a/libguile/debug-malloc.c b/libguile/debug-malloc.c
index fa3612de2..4dd2b5d40 100644
--- a/libguile/debug-malloc.c
+++ b/libguile/debug-malloc.c
@@ -221,7 +221,7 @@ SCM_DEFINE (scm_malloc_stats, "malloc-stats", 0, 0, 0,
   int i;
   for (i = 0; i < malloc_type_size + N_SEEK; ++i)
     if (malloc_type[i].key)
-      res = scm_acons (scm_from_locale_string ((char *) malloc_type[i].key),
+      res = scm_acons (scm_from_utf8_string ((char *) malloc_type[i].key),
 		       scm_from_int ((int) malloc_type[i].data),
 		       res);
   return res;
diff --git a/libguile/deprecation.c b/libguile/deprecation.c
index aa50eaf8c..110884ed5 100644
--- a/libguile/deprecation.c
+++ b/libguile/deprecation.c
@@ -117,7 +117,7 @@ SCM_DEFINE(scm_issue_deprecation_warning,
     print_summary = 1;
   else
     {
-      SCM nl = scm_from_locale_string ("\n");
+      SCM nl = scm_from_utf8_string ("\n");
       SCM msgs_nl = SCM_EOL;
       char *c_msgs;
       while (scm_is_pair (msgs))
diff --git a/libguile/error.c b/libguile/error.c
index 7971046ce..c9ce0b927 100644
--- a/libguile/error.c
+++ b/libguile/error.c
@@ -58,8 +58,8 @@ scm_error (SCM key, const char *subr, const char *message, SCM args, SCM rest)
 {
   scm_error_scm 
     (key,
-     (subr == NULL) ? SCM_BOOL_F : scm_from_locale_string (subr),
-     (message == NULL) ? SCM_BOOL_F : scm_from_locale_string (message),
+     (subr == NULL) ? SCM_BOOL_F : scm_from_utf8_string (subr),
+     (message == NULL) ? SCM_BOOL_F : scm_from_utf8_string (message),
      args, rest);
 }
 
@@ -239,7 +239,7 @@ scm_error_num_args_subr (const char *subr)
   scm_error (scm_args_number_key,
 	     NULL,
 	     "Wrong number of arguments to ~A",
-	     scm_list_1 (scm_from_locale_string (subr)),
+	     scm_list_1 (scm_from_utf8_string (subr)),
 	     SCM_BOOL_F);
 }
 
@@ -262,8 +262,8 @@ scm_i_wrong_type_arg_symbol (SCM symbol, int pos, SCM bad_value)
 {
   scm_error_scm (scm_arg_type_key,
 		 scm_symbol_to_string (symbol),
-		 (pos == 0) ? scm_from_locale_string ("Wrong type: ~S")
-		 : scm_from_locale_string ("Wrong type argument in position ~A: ~S"),
+		 (pos == 0) ? scm_from_utf8_string ("Wrong type: ~S")
+		 : scm_from_utf8_string ("Wrong type argument in position ~A: ~S"),
 		 (pos == 0) ? scm_list_1 (bad_value)
 		 : scm_list_2 (scm_from_int (pos), bad_value),
 		 scm_list_1 (bad_value));
@@ -273,7 +273,7 @@ scm_i_wrong_type_arg_symbol (SCM symbol, int pos, SCM bad_value)
 void
 scm_wrong_type_arg_msg (const char *subr, int pos, SCM bad_value, const char *szMessage)
 {
-  SCM msg = scm_from_locale_string (szMessage);
+  SCM msg = scm_from_utf8_string (szMessage);
   if (pos == 0)
     {
       scm_error (scm_arg_type_key,
diff --git a/libguile/eval.c b/libguile/eval.c
index 815f7c7a7..f1c80887c 100644
--- a/libguile/eval.c
+++ b/libguile/eval.c
@@ -164,15 +164,15 @@ static void error_used_before_defined (void)
 
 static void error_invalid_keyword (SCM proc, SCM obj)
 {
-  scm_error_scm (scm_from_latin1_symbol ("keyword-argument-error"), proc,
-                 scm_from_locale_string ("Invalid keyword"), SCM_EOL,
+  scm_error_scm (scm_from_utf8_symbol ("keyword-argument-error"), proc,
+                 scm_from_utf8_string ("Invalid keyword"), SCM_EOL,
                  scm_list_1 (obj));
 }
 
 static void error_unrecognized_keyword (SCM proc, SCM kw)
 {
-  scm_error_scm (scm_from_latin1_symbol ("keyword-argument-error"), proc,
-                 scm_from_locale_string ("Unrecognized keyword"), SCM_EOL,
+  scm_error_scm (scm_from_utf8_symbol ("keyword-argument-error"), proc,
+                 scm_from_utf8_string ("Unrecognized keyword"), SCM_EOL,
                  scm_list_1 (kw));
 }
 
@@ -190,9 +190,9 @@ truncate_values (SCM x)
         return scm_car (l);
       else
         {
-          scm_ithrow (scm_from_latin1_symbol ("vm-run"),
-                      scm_list_3 (scm_from_latin1_symbol ("vm-run"),
-                                  scm_from_locale_string
+          scm_ithrow (scm_from_utf8_symbol ("vm-run"),
+                      scm_list_3 (scm_from_utf8_symbol ("vm-run"),
+                                  scm_from_utf8_string
                                   ("Too few values returned to continuation"),
                                   SCM_EOL),
                       1);
diff --git a/libguile/expand.c b/libguile/expand.c
index 546b1e4de..c2d87da0f 100644
--- a/libguile/expand.c
+++ b/libguile/expand.c
@@ -217,7 +217,7 @@ SCM_KEYWORD (kw_rest, "rest");
 static void 
 syntax_error (const char* const msg, const SCM form, const SCM expr)
 {
-  SCM msg_string = scm_from_locale_string (msg);
+  SCM msg_string = scm_from_utf8_string (msg);
   SCM filename = SCM_BOOL_F;
   SCM linenr = SCM_BOOL_F;
   const char *format;
@@ -470,7 +470,7 @@ expand_cond_clauses (SCM clause, SCM rest, int elp, int alp, SCM env)
       && scm_is_eq (CADR (clause), scm_sym_arrow)
       && alp)
     {
-      SCM tmp = scm_gensym (scm_from_locale_string ("cond "));
+      SCM tmp = scm_gensym (scm_from_utf8_string ("cond "));
       SCM new_env = scm_acons (tmp, tmp, env);
       ASSERT_SYNTAX (length > 2, s_missing_recipient, clause);
       ASSERT_SYNTAX (length == 3, s_extra_expression, clause);
@@ -1203,7 +1203,7 @@ make_exp_vtable (size_t n)
   
   layout = scm_string_to_symbol
     (scm_string_append (scm_make_list (scm_from_size_t (exp_nfields[n]),
-                                       scm_from_locale_string ("pw"))));
+                                       scm_from_utf8_string ("pw"))));
   printer = SCM_BOOL_F;
   name = scm_from_locale_symbol (exp_names[n]);
   code = scm_from_size_t (n);
@@ -1245,7 +1245,7 @@ scm_init_expand ()
   DEFINE_NAMES (DYNLET);
 
   scm_exp_vtable_vtable =
-    scm_make_vtable (scm_from_locale_string (SCM_VTABLE_BASE_LAYOUT "pwuwpw"),
+    scm_make_vtable (scm_from_utf8_string (SCM_VTABLE_BASE_LAYOUT "pwuwpw"),
                      SCM_BOOL_F);
 
   for (n = 0; n < SCM_NUM_EXPANDED_TYPES; n++)
diff --git a/libguile/extensions.c b/libguile/extensions.c
index 1c3d28f4a..2a649107c 100644
--- a/libguile/extensions.c
+++ b/libguile/extensions.c
@@ -90,9 +90,9 @@ load_extension (SCM lib, SCM init)
 
       scm_dynwind_begin (0);
 
-      clib = scm_to_locale_string (lib);
+      clib = scm_to_utf8_string (lib);
       scm_dynwind_free (clib);
-      cinit = scm_to_locale_string (init);
+      cinit = scm_to_utf8_string (init);
       scm_dynwind_free (cinit);
 
       for (ext = head; ext; ext = ext->next)
@@ -123,7 +123,7 @@ load_extension (SCM lib, SCM init)
 void
 scm_c_load_extension (const char *lib, const char *init)
 {
-  load_extension (scm_from_locale_string (lib), scm_from_locale_string (init));
+  load_extension (scm_from_utf8_string (lib), scm_from_utf8_string (init));
 }
 
 SCM_DEFINE (scm_load_extension, "load-extension", 2, 0, 0,
diff --git a/libguile/filesys.c b/libguile/filesys.c
index e6e37b040..3407a47ff 100644
--- a/libguile/filesys.c
+++ b/libguile/filesys.c
@@ -1923,7 +1923,7 @@ scm_init_filesys ()
   scm_c_define ("X_OK", scm_from_int (X_OK));
   scm_c_define ("F_OK", scm_from_int (F_OK));
 
-  scm_dot_string = scm_from_locale_string (".");
+  scm_dot_string = scm_from_utf8_string (".");
 
 #include "libguile/filesys.x"
 }
diff --git a/libguile/init.c b/libguile/init.c
index adab2b5d6..2f930f5f8 100644
--- a/libguile/init.c
+++ b/libguile/init.c
@@ -242,7 +242,7 @@ scm_load_startup_files ()
      SCM_SITE_DIR and SCM_LIBRARY_DIR when searching for the site init
      file, so we do this before loading Ice-9.  */
   SCM init_path =
-    scm_sys_search_load_path (scm_from_locale_string ("init.scm"));
+    scm_sys_search_load_path (scm_from_utf8_string ("init.scm"));
 
   /* Load Ice-9.  */
   if (!scm_ice_9_already_loaded)
diff --git a/libguile/load.c b/libguile/load.c
index c2ee5093a..27389fe3e 100644
--- a/libguile/load.c
+++ b/libguile/load.c
@@ -148,7 +148,7 @@ SCM_DEFINE (scm_sys_package_data_dir, "%package-data-dir", 0, 0, 0,
 	    "@samp{/usr/local/share/guile}.")
 #define FUNC_NAME s_scm_sys_package_data_dir
 {
-  return scm_from_locale_string (SCM_PKGDATA_DIR);
+  return scm_from_utf8_string (SCM_PKGDATA_DIR);
 }
 #undef FUNC_NAME
 #endif /* SCM_PKGDATA_DIR */
@@ -160,7 +160,7 @@ SCM_DEFINE (scm_sys_library_dir, "%library-dir", 0,0,0,
 	    "E.g., may return \"/usr/share/guile/1.3.5\".")
 #define FUNC_NAME s_scm_sys_library_dir
 {
-  return scm_from_locale_string (SCM_LIBRARY_DIR);
+  return scm_from_utf8_string (SCM_LIBRARY_DIR);
 }
 #undef FUNC_NAME
 #endif /* SCM_LIBRARY_DIR */
@@ -186,7 +186,7 @@ SCM_DEFINE (scm_sys_global_site_dir, "%global-site-dir", 0,0,0,
 	    "E.g., may return \"/usr/share/guile/site\".")
 #define FUNC_NAME s_scm_sys_global_site_dir
 {
-  return scm_from_locale_string (SCM_GLOBAL_SITE_DIR);
+  return scm_from_utf8_string (SCM_GLOBAL_SITE_DIR);
 }
 #undef FUNC_NAME
 #endif /* SCM_GLOBAL_SITE_DIR */
@@ -199,7 +199,7 @@ SCM_DEFINE (scm_sys_site_ccache_dir, "%site-ccache-dir", 0,0,0,
 	    "E.g., may return \"/usr/lib/guile/" SCM_EFFECTIVE_VERSION "/site-ccache\".")
 #define FUNC_NAME s_scm_sys_site_ccache_dir
 {
-  return scm_from_locale_string (SCM_SITE_CCACHE_DIR);
+  return scm_from_utf8_string (SCM_SITE_CCACHE_DIR);
 }
 #undef FUNC_NAME
 #endif /* SCM_SITE_CCACHE_DIR */
@@ -304,6 +304,9 @@ scm_i_mirror_backslashes (char *path)
 
       while (*p)
 	{
+          /* FIXME: When the locale encoding is Shift_JIS, backslash '\'
+             has a multibyte representation, so this code will
+             misbehave.  */
 	  if (*p == '\\')
 	    *p = '/';
 	  p++;
@@ -333,10 +336,10 @@ scm_init_load_path ()
   else if (env)
     path = scm_parse_path (scm_from_locale_string (env), path);
   else
-    path = scm_list_4 (scm_from_locale_string (SCM_LIBRARY_DIR),
-                       scm_from_locale_string (SCM_SITE_DIR),
-                       scm_from_locale_string (SCM_GLOBAL_SITE_DIR),
-                       scm_from_locale_string (SCM_PKGDATA_DIR));
+    path = scm_list_4 (scm_from_utf8_string (SCM_LIBRARY_DIR),
+                       scm_from_utf8_string (SCM_SITE_DIR),
+                       scm_from_utf8_string (SCM_GLOBAL_SITE_DIR),
+                       scm_from_utf8_string (SCM_PKGDATA_DIR));
 
   env = scm_i_mirror_backslashes (getenv ("GUILE_SYSTEM_COMPILED_PATH"));
   if (env && strcmp (env, "") == 0)
@@ -346,8 +349,8 @@ scm_init_load_path ()
     cpath = scm_parse_path (scm_from_locale_string (env), cpath);
   else
     {
-      cpath = scm_list_2 (scm_from_locale_string (SCM_CCACHE_DIR),
-                          scm_from_locale_string (SCM_SITE_CCACHE_DIR));
+      cpath = scm_list_2 (scm_from_utf8_string (SCM_CCACHE_DIR),
+                          scm_from_utf8_string (SCM_SITE_CCACHE_DIR));
     }
 
 #endif /* SCM_LIBRARY_DIR */
@@ -954,7 +957,7 @@ SCM_DEFINE (scm_search_path, "search-path", 2, 0, 1,
 	    {
 	      require_exts = SCM_CADR (rest);
 	      if (SCM_UNLIKELY (!scm_is_null (SCM_CDDR (rest))))
-		scm_wrong_num_args (scm_from_locale_string (FUNC_NAME));
+		scm_wrong_num_args (scm_from_utf8_string (FUNC_NAME));
 	    }
 	}
       else
@@ -1280,10 +1283,10 @@ scm_init_eval_in_scheme (void)
   int found_stale_eval_go = 0;
 
   eval_scm = search_path (*scm_loc_load_path,
-                          scm_from_locale_string ("ice-9/eval.scm"),
+                          scm_from_utf8_string ("ice-9/eval.scm"),
                           SCM_EOL, SCM_BOOL_F, &stat_source);
   eval_thunk =
-    load_thunk_from_path (scm_from_locale_string ("ice-9/eval.go"),
+    load_thunk_from_path (scm_from_utf8_string ("ice-9/eval.go"),
                           eval_scm, &stat_source, &found_stale_eval_go);
   
   if (scm_is_true (eval_thunk))
@@ -1340,13 +1343,13 @@ scm_init_load ()
   scm_loc_load_path = SCM_VARIABLE_LOC (scm_c_define ("%load-path", SCM_EOL));
   scm_loc_load_extensions
     = SCM_VARIABLE_LOC (scm_c_define ("%load-extensions",
-				      scm_list_2 (scm_from_locale_string (".scm"),
+				      scm_list_2 (scm_from_utf8_string (".scm"),
 						  scm_nullstr)));
   scm_loc_load_compiled_path
     = SCM_VARIABLE_LOC (scm_c_define ("%load-compiled-path", SCM_EOL));
   scm_loc_load_compiled_extensions
     = SCM_VARIABLE_LOC (scm_c_define ("%load-compiled-extensions",
-				      scm_list_1 (scm_from_locale_string (".go"))));
+				      scm_list_1 (scm_from_utf8_string (".go"))));
   scm_loc_load_hook = SCM_VARIABLE_LOC (scm_c_define ("%load-hook", SCM_BOOL_F));
 
   scm_loc_compile_fallback_path
diff --git a/libguile/modules.c b/libguile/modules.c
index 7b42a3d43..fb8c9f61c 100644
--- a/libguile/modules.c
+++ b/libguile/modules.c
@@ -893,7 +893,7 @@ scm_post_boot_init_modules ()
   default_duplicate_binding_procedures_var = 
     scm_c_lookup ("default-duplicate-binding-procedures");
   module_public_interface_var = scm_c_lookup ("module-public-interface");
-  k_ensure = scm_from_locale_keyword ("ensure");
+  k_ensure = scm_from_utf8_keyword ("ensure");
 
   scm_module_system_booted_p = 1;
 }
diff --git a/libguile/pairs.c b/libguile/pairs.c
index 7d7e68c4f..ca7098fec 100644
--- a/libguile/pairs.c
+++ b/libguile/pairs.c
@@ -55,7 +55,7 @@ verify (SCM_BITS_DIFFER_IN_EXACTLY_ONE_BIT_POSITION		\
 void scm_error_pair_access (SCM non_pair)
 {
   static unsigned int running = 0;
-  SCM message = scm_from_locale_string ("Non-pair accessed with SCM_C[AD]R: `~S'\n");
+  SCM message = scm_from_utf8_string ("Non-pair accessed with SCM_C[AD]R: `~S'\n");
 
   if (!running)
     {
diff --git a/libguile/posix.c b/libguile/posix.c
index 1443a9ead..c5e1a2867 100644
--- a/libguile/posix.c
+++ b/libguile/posix.c
@@ -370,11 +370,11 @@ SCM_DEFINE (scm_getpwuid, "getpw", 0, 1, 0,
   SCM_SIMPLE_VECTOR_SET(result, 3, scm_from_ulong (entry->pw_gid));
   SCM_SIMPLE_VECTOR_SET(result, 4, scm_from_locale_string (entry->pw_gecos));
   if (!entry->pw_dir)
-    SCM_SIMPLE_VECTOR_SET(result, 5, scm_from_locale_string (""));
+    SCM_SIMPLE_VECTOR_SET(result, 5, scm_from_utf8_string (""));
   else
     SCM_SIMPLE_VECTOR_SET(result, 5, scm_from_locale_string (entry->pw_dir));
   if (!entry->pw_shell)
-    SCM_SIMPLE_VECTOR_SET(result, 6, scm_from_locale_string (""));
+    SCM_SIMPLE_VECTOR_SET(result, 6, scm_from_utf8_string (""));
   else
     SCM_SIMPLE_VECTOR_SET(result, 6, scm_from_locale_string (entry->pw_shell));
   return result;
diff --git a/libguile/print.c b/libguile/print.c
index a5b2a845b..5201b63f8 100644
--- a/libguile/print.c
+++ b/libguile/print.c
@@ -1681,9 +1681,9 @@ scm_init_print ()
 
   scm_gc_register_root (&print_state_pool);
   scm_gc_register_root (&scm_print_state_vtable);
-  type = scm_make_vtable (scm_from_locale_string (SCM_PRINT_STATE_LAYOUT),
+  type = scm_make_vtable (scm_from_utf8_string (SCM_PRINT_STATE_LAYOUT),
                           SCM_BOOL_F);
-  scm_set_struct_vtable_name_x (type, scm_from_latin1_symbol ("print-state"));
+  scm_set_struct_vtable_name_x (type, scm_from_utf8_symbol ("print-state"));
   scm_print_state_vtable = type;
 
   /* Don't want to bind a wrapper class in GOOPS, so pass 0 as arg1. */
@@ -1694,9 +1694,9 @@ scm_init_print ()
 
   scm_init_opts (scm_print_options, scm_print_opts);
   scm_print_opts[SCM_PRINT_HIGHLIGHT_PREFIX_I].val =
-    SCM_UNPACK (scm_from_locale_string ("{"));
+    SCM_UNPACK (scm_from_utf8_string ("{"));
   scm_print_opts[SCM_PRINT_HIGHLIGHT_SUFFIX_I].val =
-    SCM_UNPACK (scm_from_locale_string ("}"));
+    SCM_UNPACK (scm_from_utf8_string ("}"));
   scm_print_opts[SCM_PRINT_KEYWORD_STYLE_I].val = SCM_UNPACK (sym_reader);
 }
 
diff --git a/libguile/random.c b/libguile/random.c
index 4051d1f34..e63b3de83 100644
--- a/libguile/random.c
+++ b/libguile/random.c
@@ -374,7 +374,10 @@ make_rstate (scm_t_rstate *state)
  * Scheme level interface.
  */
 
-SCM_GLOBAL_VARIABLE_INIT (scm_var_random_state, "*random-state*", scm_seed_to_random_state (scm_from_locale_string ("URL:http://stat.fsu.edu/~geo/diehard.html")));
+SCM_GLOBAL_VARIABLE_INIT (scm_var_random_state, "*random-state*",
+                          scm_seed_to_random_state
+                          (scm_from_utf8_string
+                           ("URL:http://stat.fsu.edu/~geo/diehard.html")));
 
 SCM_DEFINE (scm_random, "random", 1, 1, 0, 
             (SCM n, SCM state),
diff --git a/libguile/read.c b/libguile/read.c
index 136e74819..aa05509fc 100644
--- a/libguile/read.c
+++ b/libguile/read.c
@@ -142,21 +142,21 @@ scm_i_input_error (char const *function,
 {
   SCM fn = (scm_is_string (SCM_FILENAME(port))
 	    ? SCM_FILENAME(port)
-	    : scm_from_locale_string ("#<unknown port>"));
+	    : scm_from_utf8_string ("#<unknown port>"));
 
   SCM string_port = scm_open_output_string ();
   SCM string = SCM_EOL;
   scm_simple_format (string_port,
-		     scm_from_locale_string ("~A:~S:~S: ~A"),
+		     scm_from_utf8_string ("~A:~S:~S: ~A"),
 		     scm_list_4 (fn,
 				 scm_from_long (SCM_LINUM (port) + 1),
 				 scm_from_int (SCM_COL (port) + 1),
-				 scm_from_locale_string (message)));
+				 scm_from_utf8_string (message)));
     
   string = scm_get_output_string (string_port);
   scm_close_output_port (string_port);
-  scm_error_scm (scm_from_latin1_symbol ("read-error"),
-		 function? scm_from_locale_string (function) : SCM_BOOL_F,
+  scm_error_scm (scm_from_utf8_symbol ("read-error"),
+		 function? scm_from_utf8_string (function) : SCM_BOOL_F,
 		 string,
 		 arg,
 		 SCM_BOOL_F);
@@ -2226,7 +2226,10 @@ SCM_DEFINE (scm_file_encoding, "file-encoding", 1, 0, 0,
     return SCM_BOOL_F;
   else
     {
-      s_enc = scm_from_locale_string (enc);
+      /* It's not obvious what encoding to use here, but latin1 has the
+         advantage of never causing a decoding error, and a valid
+         encoding name should be ASCII anyway. */
+      s_enc = scm_from_latin1_string (enc);
       return s_enc;
     }
 
diff --git a/libguile/regex-posix.c b/libguile/regex-posix.c
index bec0f89fb..3750e1597 100644
--- a/libguile/regex-posix.c
+++ b/libguile/regex-posix.c
@@ -173,7 +173,7 @@ SCM_DEFINE (scm_make_regexp, "make-regexp", 1, 0, 1,
       SCM errmsg = scm_regexp_error_msg (status, rx);
       scm_gc_free (rx, sizeof(regex_t), "regex");
       scm_error_scm (scm_regexp_error_key,
-		     scm_from_locale_string (FUNC_NAME),
+		     scm_from_utf8_string (FUNC_NAME),
 		     errmsg,
 		     SCM_BOOL_F,
 		     scm_list_1 (pat));
@@ -315,7 +315,7 @@ SCM_DEFINE (scm_regexp_exec, "regexp-exec", 2, 2, 0,
 
   if (status != 0 && status != REG_NOMATCH)
     scm_error_scm (scm_regexp_error_key,
-		   scm_from_locale_string (FUNC_NAME),
+		   scm_from_utf8_string (FUNC_NAME),
 		   scm_regexp_error_msg (status, SCM_RGX (rx)),
 		   SCM_BOOL_F, SCM_BOOL_F);
   return mvec;
diff --git a/libguile/snarf.h b/libguile/snarf.h
index 1655e2c8d..42378a775 100644
--- a/libguile/snarf.h
+++ b/libguile/snarf.h
@@ -219,11 +219,11 @@ SCM_SNARF_INIT(c_name = scm_from_locale_symbol (scheme_name))
 
 #define SCM_KEYWORD(c_name, scheme_name) \
 SCM_SNARF_HERE(static SCM c_name) \
-SCM_SNARF_INIT(c_name = scm_from_locale_keyword (scheme_name))
+SCM_SNARF_INIT(c_name = scm_from_utf8_keyword (scheme_name))
 
 #define SCM_GLOBAL_KEYWORD(c_name, scheme_name) \
 SCM_SNARF_HERE(SCM c_name) \
-SCM_SNARF_INIT(c_name = scm_from_locale_keyword (scheme_name))
+SCM_SNARF_INIT(c_name = scm_from_utf8_keyword (scheme_name))
 
 #define SCM_VARIABLE(c_name, scheme_name) \
 SCM_SNARF_HERE(static SCM c_name) \
diff --git a/libguile/srfi-13.c b/libguile/srfi-13.c
index 5c30dfe20..1c065194f 100644
--- a/libguile/srfi-13.c
+++ b/libguile/srfi-13.c
@@ -405,7 +405,7 @@ SCM_DEFINE (scm_string_join, "string-join", 1, 2, 0,
   /* Validate the delimiter and record its length.  */
   if (SCM_UNBNDP (delimiter))
     {
-      delimiter = scm_from_locale_string (" ");
+      delimiter = scm_from_utf8_string (" ");
       delimiter_len = 1;
     }
   else
diff --git a/libguile/stacks.c b/libguile/stacks.c
index 37a9161cd..439a97d21 100644
--- a/libguile/stacks.c
+++ b/libguile/stacks.c
@@ -388,10 +388,10 @@ scm_init_stacks ()
   scm_sys_stacks = scm_make_fluid ();
   scm_c_define ("%stacks", scm_sys_stacks);
   
-  scm_stack_type = scm_make_vtable (scm_from_locale_string (SCM_STACK_LAYOUT),
+  scm_stack_type = scm_make_vtable (scm_from_utf8_string (SCM_STACK_LAYOUT),
                                     SCM_UNDEFINED);
   scm_set_struct_vtable_name_x (scm_stack_type,
-				scm_from_latin1_symbol ("stack"));
+				scm_from_utf8_symbol ("stack"));
 #include "libguile/stacks.x"
 }
 
diff --git a/libguile/stime.c b/libguile/stime.c
index a5421d716..21ed6905f 100644
--- a/libguile/stime.c
+++ b/libguile/stime.c
@@ -695,7 +695,7 @@ SCM_DEFINE (scm_strftime, "strftime", 2, 0, 0,
 	   some OSs, e.g., Solaris.  */
 	SCM zone =
 	  scm_string_append (scm_list_2 (zone_spec,
-					 scm_from_locale_string ("0")));
+					 scm_from_utf8_string ("0")));
 
 	have_zone = 1;
 	SCM_CRITICAL_SECTION_START;
diff --git a/libguile/strports.c b/libguile/strports.c
index 18f1970b5..d8dc461d5 100644
--- a/libguile/strports.c
+++ b/libguile/strports.c
@@ -544,7 +544,7 @@ static void
 init_eval_string_var_and_k_module (void)
 {
   eval_string_var = scm_c_public_variable ("ice-9 eval-string", "eval-string");
-  k_module = scm_from_locale_keyword ("module");
+  k_module = scm_from_utf8_keyword ("module");
 }
 
 SCM_DEFINE (scm_eval_string_in_module, "eval-string", 1, 1, 0, 
diff --git a/libguile/values.c b/libguile/values.c
index ef27cadd1..82a784fe1 100644
--- a/libguile/values.c
+++ b/libguile/values.c
@@ -142,7 +142,7 @@ scm_init_values (void)
 {
   SCM print = scm_c_define_gsubr ("%print-values", 2, 0, 0, print_values);
 
-  scm_values_vtable = scm_make_vtable (scm_from_locale_string ("pr"), print);
+  scm_values_vtable = scm_make_vtable (scm_from_utf8_string ("pr"), print);
 
   scm_add_feature ("values");