File 0005-core-only-set-the-kernel-s-timezone-when-the-RTC-run.patch of Package systemd

Based on c264aeab4b0e7b69f469e12e78d4a48b3ed7a66e Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Kay Sievers <kay@vrfy.org>
Date: Sun, 27 Jul 2014 00:11:08 +0200
Subject: [PATCH] core: only set the kernel's timezone when the RTC runs in
 local time

We can not reliably manage any notion of local time. Every daylight
saving time change or time zone change by traveling will make the
time jump, and the local time might jump backwards which creates
unsolvable problems with file timestamps.

We will no longer tell the kernel our local time zone and leave
everything set to UTC. This will effectively turn FAT timestamps
into UTC timestamps.

If and only if the machine is configured to read the RTC in local
time mode, the kernel's time zone will be configured, but
systemd-timesysnc will disable the kernel's system time to RTC
syncing. In this mode, the RTC will not be managed, and external
tools like Windows bootups are expected to manage the RTC's time.

https://bugs.freedesktop.org/show_bug.cgi?id=81538
---
 src/core/main.c      |   23 +++++++++++++++--------
 src/shared/hwclock.c |   15 ++++++++-------
 src/shared/hwclock.h |    2 +-
 3 files changed, 24 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)

--- src/core/main.c
+++ src/core/main.c	2014-07-28 09:59:35.778235585 +0000
@@ -1349,7 +1349,14 @@ int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
                         if (hwclock_is_localtime() > 0) {
                                 int min;
 
-                                /* The first-time call to settimeofday() does a time warp in the kernel */
+                                /*
+                                 * The very first call of settimeofday() also does a time warp in the kernel.
+                                 *
+                                 * In the rtc-in-local time mode, we set the kernel's timezone, and rely on
+                                 * external tools to take care of maintaining the RTC and do all adjustments.
+                                 * This matches the behavior of Windows, which leaves the RTC alone if the
+                                 * registry tells that the RTC runs in UTC.
+                                 */
                                 r = hwclock_set_timezone(&min);
                                 if (r < 0)
                                         log_error("Failed to apply local time delta, ignoring: %s", strerror(-r));
@@ -1357,19 +1364,19 @@ int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
                                         log_info("RTC configured in localtime, applying delta of %i minutes to system time.", min);
                         } else if (!in_initrd()) {
                                 /*
-                                 * Do dummy first-time call to seal the kernel's time warp magic
+                                 * Do a dummy very first call to seal the kernel's time warp magic.
                                  *
                                  * Do not call this this from inside the initrd. The initrd might not
                                  * carry /etc/adjtime with LOCAL, but the real system could be set up
                                  * that way. In such case, we need to delay the time-warp or the sealing
                                  * until we reach the real system.
+                                 *
+                                 * Do no set the kernel's timezone. The concept of local time cannot
+                                 * be supported reliably, the time will jump or be incorrect at every daylight
+                                 * saving time change. All kernel local time concepts will be treated
+                                 * as UTC that way.
                                  */
-                                hwclock_reset_timezone();
-
-                                /* Tell the kernel our timezone */
-                                r = hwclock_set_timezone(NULL);
-                                if (r < 0)
-                                        log_error("Failed to set the kernel's timezone, ignoring: %s", strerror(-r));
+                                hwclock_reset_timewarp();
                         }
                 }
 
--- src/shared/hwclock.c
+++ src/shared/hwclock.c	2014-07-28 09:59:12.914235566 +0000
@@ -124,9 +124,10 @@ int hwclock_set_timezone(int *min) {
         tz.tz_dsttime = 0; /* DST_NONE*/
 
         /*
-         * If the hardware clock does not run in UTC, but in local time:
-         * The very first time we set the kernel's timezone, it will warp
-         * the clock so that it runs in UTC instead of local time.
+         * If the RTC does not run in UTC but in local time, the very first
+         * call to settimeofday() will set the kernel's timezone and will warp the
+         * system clock, so that it runs in UTC instead of the local time we
+         * have read from the RTC.
          */
         if (settimeofday(tv_null, &tz) < 0)
                 return -errno;
@@ -135,7 +136,7 @@ int hwclock_set_timezone(int *min) {
         return 0;
 }
 
-int hwclock_reset_timezone(void) {
+int hwclock_reset_timewarp(void) {
         const struct timeval *tv_null = NULL;
         struct timezone tz;
 
@@ -143,9 +144,9 @@ int hwclock_reset_timezone(void) {
         tz.tz_dsttime = 0; /* DST_NONE*/
 
         /*
-         * The very first time we set the kernel's timezone, it will warp
-         * the clock. Do a dummy call here, so the time warping is sealed
-         * and we set only the timezone with next call.
+         * The very first call to settimeofday() does time warp magic. Do a
+         * dummy call here, so the time warping is sealed and all later calls
+         * behave as expected.
          */
         if (settimeofday(tv_null, &tz) < 0)
                 return -errno;
--- src/shared/hwclock.h
+++ src/shared/hwclock.h	2014-07-28 09:59:25.034736002 +0000
@@ -23,6 +23,6 @@
 
 int hwclock_is_localtime(void);
 int hwclock_set_timezone(int *min);
-int hwclock_reset_timezone(void);
+int hwclock_reset_timewarp(void);
 int hwclock_get_time(struct tm *tm);
 int hwclock_set_time(const struct tm *tm);