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View File README.debug of Package mysql-community-server (Project home:smarty12:testing)

Debugging mysqld crashes
========================
Author: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.cz>
Last modified: 2006-07-31

Contents
--------
1) Query log
2) Coredumps and Backtraces
3) Trace files

In case your MySQL server crashes, here are some hints on what to
include in a bugreport at https://bugzilla.novell.com/ . Please report
there only bugs in the MySQL packages packaged by Novell/SUSE, bugs in
binaries / source provided by MySQL AB should be reported at
http://bugs.mysql.com/ .

1) Query log
------------
  Note: Skip this chapter if you already have an exact query that
  crashes the server

To find out which query possibly crashed the server, add the following
line to your /etc/my.cnf into section [mysqld]:

    log=/var/lib/mysql/mysqld-query.log

Mysqld then will, at some performance cost, log all queries into this
file. After a server crash, you can examine the queries from the time it
crashed and try to reproduce the crash with single queries (this might
not allways work, eg. if the crash is caused by some race condition).

Note that this log file may become extremly large, so if you decide to
attach it whole to the bugzilla, don't forget to

    bzip2 -k /var/lib/mysql/mysqld-query.log

and attach the bzipped file instead.

2) Coredumps and Backtraces
---------------------------
Another valuable information for the developers is the backtrace. The
easies way to get one is to let mysqld produce a coredump. Add the
following line to your /etc/my.cnf into section [mysqld]:

    core-file

  Note: this unfortunatelly doesn't work in SUSE Linux 10.1 and older.
  On these systems, you need to run safe_mysqld directly under user
  mysql:

    su - mysql
    mysqld_safe --socket=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock \
        --datadir=/var/lib/mysql --core-file &

The core file will be written to the /var/lib/mysql/ directory. I
suggest setting the kernel variable kernel.core_uses_pid to 1

    sysctl -w kernel.core_uses_pid=1

so that the coredumps don't overwrite each other if you experience
multiple crashes.

After you got the core file, install the gdb and mysql-debuginfo
packages and run

    gdb /usr/sbin/mysqld /var/lib/mysql/core
    (gdb) bt

Replace mysqld with the mysqld version you used (mysqld, mysqld-max or
mysqld-debug) and core with the actual name of the coredump.

3) Trace files
--------------
You'll need the mysqld-debug binary from the mysql-debug package to get
a trace file. Install the mysqld-debug package and the start mysqld
using following command:

    $ MYSQLD_DEBUG=yes rcmysql start

  Note: The init script doesn't automatically pick up the mysqld-debug
  binary (as it does with mysqld-max), because it is expected to be used
  just temporarily to help solving a particular problem.

The init script will then start mysqld-debug and add the --core-file,
--log and --debug options for you. The query log will be stored in

    /var/lib/mysql/myqld-query.log

and the trace file in

    /var/lib/mysql/mysqld.trace

If you don't like the options set by the init script, just put your own
into /etc/my.cnf and the init script will honor it. For information
about the --debug option, see "The DBUG Package":
http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.0/en/the-dbug-package.html .

The trace file will contain various debug information and function
calls/returns and will become _extremly_ huge after a while, so don't
attach it to bugzilla unless requested.