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View File beh of Package cups-backends (Project home:uninstall:Printing)

#!/usr/bin/perl
# The above Perl path may vary on your system; fix it!!! -*- perl -*-

# beh - Backend Error Handler

# A wrapper for CUPS backends to make error handling configurable

# Usually, if a CUPS backend exits with an error status other than zero
# (for example if a printer is not turned on or not reachable on the
# network), CUPS disables the print queue and one can only print again
# if a system administrator re-enables the queue manually. Even restarting
# CUPS (or rebooting) does not re-enable disabled queues.
#
# For system administrators this can get annoying, for newbie users
# who are not aware of this problem it looks like that CUPS is severely
# broken. They remove and re-install print queues, getting on the nerves
# of distro install support, people, or even switch back to a proprietary
# operating system.
#
# This script makes the handling of such backend errors configurable, so
# that the problem can easily be worked around. The new possibilities are:
#
#  - Let queues simply not being disabled. Simple approach, but job gets 
#    lost.
#
#  - Repeat a given number of times.
#
#  - Repeat infinitely often, until the job gets finally through. This
#    is the standard of LPRng, and it eliminates loss of the job.
#
#  - The interval between two attemts to run the backend can also be
#    configured.
#
#  - Configuration is done independently for each print queue. So local
#    printers and network printers can be treated differently.

# Save this file in your CUPS backend directory, usually
# /usr/lib/cups/backend/ or /usr/local/lib/cups/backend/
#
# Mark this filter world-readable and world-executable. Restart CUPS to
# make the new backend known to the spooler.
#
# See http://www.openprinting.org/cups-doc.html and the additional
# instructions below.

# beh - Backend Error Handler
#
# Copyright 2005 Till Kamppeter <till.kamppeter@gmail.com>
#
#  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
#  under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
#  Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your
#  option) any later version.
#
#  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
#  WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
#  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General
#  Public License for more details.
#
#  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
#  along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
#  Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307,
#  USA.

# Usage: 
#
# cp beh /usr/lib/cups/backend/
# chmod 755 /usr/lib/cups/backend/beh
# killall -HUP cupsd (or "/etc/init.d/cups restart")
# lpadmin -p <queue name> -E -v beh:/<dd>/<att>/<delay>/<originaluri>
#
# with 
#   <queue name>:     The name of your print queue
#   <dd>:             Don't Disable, if "1", beh always exits with zero
#                     status, so the queue gets never disabled when the
#                     original backend exits with an error. "0" carries
#                     the error status of the last call of the backend
#                     (after <att> retries) on to CUPS, so the queue
#                     usually gets disabled.
#   <att>:            Attempts, number of attempts to recall the backend
#                     in case of an error. "0" means infinite retries. In
#                     this case <dd> gets meaningless.
#   <delay>:          Delay between two attempts to call the beckend, to
#                     be given in seconds and as an integer number.
#                     Meaningless if <att> is one.
#   <originaluri>:    The original URI, which your queue had before.
#
# All parameters, especially, <dd>, <att>, and <delay> have always to
# be specified, even if one of them is meaningless due to the setting of
# the others.
#
# beh works with every backend except the "hp" backend of HPLIP.
#
# Example URIs:
#
# beh:/1/3/5/socket://printer:9100
#
#   On the network printer with host name "printer" it is tried to access
#   3 times with 5 second delays between the attempts. If the job still
#   fails, the queue is not disabled (and the job discarded).
#
# beh:/0/10/60/socket://printer:9100
#
#   Retry 10 times in one minute intervals, disable the queue when still
#   not succeeding.
#
# beh:/1/0/60/usb://Brother/HL-5040%20series
#
#   On a Brother HL-5040 on the USB try infinitely often until the printer
#   comes back, in intervals of one minute. This way the job does not get
#   lost when the printer is turned off and one can intendedly delay
#   printing by simply switching off the printer. The ideal configuration
#   for desktop printers and/or home users.

# Acknowledgement
# 
# Thanks to Jeff Hardy (hardyjm at potsdam dot edu) for writing the
# "accsnmp" wrapper backend (http://fritz.potsdam.edu/projects/cupsapps/). 
# This backend showed me the trick how to write a universal wrapper 
# backend in a scripting language.

use strict;

$0 =~ m!^(.*)/([^/]+)\s*$!;
my $progname = ($2 || $0);
my $progpath = ($1 || "/usr/lib/cups/backend");

if (!$ARGV[0]){
    print "network $progname \"Unknown\" \"Backend Error Handler\"\n";
    exit 0;
}

if (scalar(@ARGV) < 5 || scalar(@ARGV) > 6){
    print STDERR "ERROR: Usage: $progname job-id user title copies options [file]\n";
    exit 1;
}

my ($jobID, $userName, $jobTitle, $copies, $printOptions, $printFile) = 
    @ARGV;

my $tempFile;
if (!$printFile) { 

    my $jid = $jobID;
    my $uid = $userName;
    $jid =~ s/\W//g; #sanity check
    $uid =~ s/\W//g; #sanity check
    my $tmpDir = $ENV{TMPDIR};
    $tmpDir ||= "/tmp";
    $tempFile = "$tmpDir/$jid-$uid-cupsjob$$";

    open (OUT, ">$tempFile") or die "ERROR: Cannot write $tempFile: $!\n";

    while(<STDIN>){
	print OUT "$_";
    }

    close OUT;

    $printFile = $tempFile;

    # Backends should only produce multiple copies if a file name is 
    # supplied (see CUPS Software Programmers Manual)
    $copies = 1;

}

my $uri = $ENV{DEVICE_URI};
$uri =~ m!^$progname:/(\d+)/(\d+)/(\d+)/(\S+)$! or
    die "URI must be \"beh:/<dd>/<att>/<delay>/<original uri>\"!\n";
my $dontdisable = $1;
my $attempts = $2;
my $delay = $3;
$uri = $4;
$uri =~ m!^([^:\s]+):!;
my $backend = $1;
$ENV{DEVICE_URI} = $uri;

# Control by "lpr" command line options, commented out for security
# reasons (user could intendedly make queues being disabled)

#$printOptions =~ m/\bBackendErrorDisableQueue=(\S*)\b/ && 
#    ($dontdisable = ($1 =~ /no/i ? 1 : 0));
#$printOptions =~ m/\bBackendErrorRetries=(\S*)\b/ && ($attempts = $1);
#$printOptions =~ m/\bBackendErrorRetryDelay=(\S*)\b/ && ($delay = $1);
#$printOptions =~ m/\bBackendErrorRetryForever=(\S*)\b/ &&
#    ($delay = ($1 =~ /yes/i ? 0 : $delay));

my $exitvalue;
while($exitvalue = (($uri !~ m!^file:(.*)$!) && ($uri !~ m!^(/.*)$!) ?
		    system {"$progpath/$backend"}
		    ($uri, $jobID, $userName, $jobTitle, $copies,
		     $printOptions, $printFile) :
		    system ("cat $printFile > $1")) >> 8) {
    if ($attempts > 0) {
	$attempts --;
	last if $attempts == 0;
    }
    sleep $delay if $delay > 0;
}

unlink $tempFile if $tempFile;

$exitvalue = 0 if $dontdisable;
exit $exitvalue;