File grub-install-force-journal-draining-to-ensure-data-i.patch of Package grub2

From 3085db0922a1d803d4a9dfe54daae6fef20e4340 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Michael Chang <mchang@suse.com>
Date: Mon, 13 Apr 2020 16:08:59 +0800
Subject: [PATCH] grub-install: force journal draining to ensure data integrity

In XFS, the system would end up in unbootable state if an abrupt power
off after grub-install is occuring. It can be easily reproduced with.

  grub-install /dev/vda; reboot -f

The grub error would show many different kinds of corruption in
filesystem and the problem boils down to incompleted journal transaction
which would leave pending writes behind in the on-disk journal. It is
therefore necessary to recover the system via re-mounting the filesystem
from linux system that all pending journal log can be replayed.

On the other hand if journal draining can be enforced by grub-install
then it can bring more resilience to such abrupt power loss. The fsync
is not enough here for XFS, because that only writes in-memory log to
on-disk (ie makes sure broken state can be repaired). Unfortunately
there's no designated system call to serve solely for the journal
draining, so it can only be achieved via fsfreeze system call that the
journal draining can happen as a byproduct during the process.

This patch adds fsfreeze/unfreeze at the end of grub-install to induce
journal draining on journaled file system. However btrfs is excluded
from the list as it is using fsync to drain journal and also is not
desired as reportedly having negative side effect. With this patch
applied, the boot falilure can no longer be reproduced with above
procedure.

Signed-off-by: Michael Chang <mchang@suse.com>
---
 Makefile.util.def                    |  1 +
 grub-core/osdep/basic/journaled_fs.c | 26 +++++++++++++++++++
 grub-core/osdep/journaled_fs.c       |  5 ++++
 grub-core/osdep/linux/journaled_fs.c | 48 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/grub/util/install.h          |  2 ++
 util/grub-install.c                  | 20 +++++++++++++++
 6 files changed, 102 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 grub-core/osdep/basic/journaled_fs.c
 create mode 100644 grub-core/osdep/journaled_fs.c
 create mode 100644 grub-core/osdep/linux/journaled_fs.c

Index: grub-2.04/Makefile.util.def
===================================================================
--- grub-2.04.orig/Makefile.util.def
+++ grub-2.04/Makefile.util.def
@@ -645,6 +645,7 @@ program = {
   emu_condition = COND_s390x;
   common = grub-core/kern/emu/argp_common.c;
   common = grub-core/osdep/init.c;
+  common = grub-core/osdep/journaled_fs.c;
 
   ldadd = '$(LIBLZMA)';
   ldadd = libgrubmods.a;
Index: grub-2.04/grub-core/osdep/basic/journaled_fs.c
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ grub-2.04/grub-core/osdep/basic/journaled_fs.c
@@ -0,0 +1,26 @@
+/*
+ *  GRUB  --  GRand Unified Bootloader
+ *  Copyright (C) 2010,2011,2012,2013  Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+ *
+ *  GRUB is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ *  the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
+ *  (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ *  GRUB is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ *  GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ *  along with GRUB.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#include <grub/util/install.h>
+
+int
+grub_install_sync_fs_journal (const char *path)
+{
+  return 1;
+}
+
Index: grub-2.04/grub-core/osdep/journaled_fs.c
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ grub-2.04/grub-core/osdep/journaled_fs.c
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+#ifdef __linux__
+#include "linux/journaled_fs.c"
+#else
+#include "basic/journaled_fs.c"
+#endif
Index: grub-2.04/grub-core/osdep/linux/journaled_fs.c
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ grub-2.04/grub-core/osdep/linux/journaled_fs.c
@@ -0,0 +1,48 @@
+/*
+ *  GRUB  --  GRand Unified Bootloader
+ *  Copyright (C) 2010,2011,2012,2013  Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+ *
+ *  GRUB is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ *  the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
+ *  (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ *  GRUB is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ *  GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ *  along with GRUB.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <sys/ioctl.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <grub/util/install.h>
+
+int
+grub_install_sync_fs_journal (const char *path)
+{
+  int fd, ret;
+
+  fd = open (path, O_RDONLY);
+
+  if (fd == -1)
+    return 1;
+
+  if (ioctl (fd, FIFREEZE, 0) == 0)
+    {
+      ioctl(fd, FITHAW, 0);
+      ret = 1;
+    }
+  else if (errno == EOPNOTSUPP)
+    ret = 1;
+  else
+    ret = 0;
+
+  close (fd);
+  return ret;
+}
+
Index: grub-2.04/include/grub/util/install.h
===================================================================
--- grub-2.04.orig/include/grub/util/install.h
+++ grub-2.04/include/grub/util/install.h
@@ -269,4 +269,6 @@ grub_util_get_target_name (const struct
 extern char *grub_install_copy_buffer;
 #define GRUB_INSTALL_COPY_BUFFER_SIZE 1048576
 
+int
+grub_install_sync_fs_journal (const char *path);
 #endif
Index: grub-2.04/util/grub-install.c
===================================================================
--- grub-2.04.orig/util/grub-install.c
+++ grub-2.04/util/grub-install.c
@@ -42,6 +42,7 @@
 #include <grub/emu/config.h>
 #include <grub/util/ofpath.h>
 #include <grub/hfsplus.h>
+#include <grub/time.h>
 
 #include <string.h>
 
@@ -1997,6 +1998,25 @@ main (int argc, char *argv[])
       break;
     }
 
+  {
+    const char *journaled_fs[] = {"xfs", "ext2", NULL};
+    int i;
+
+    for (i = 0; journaled_fs[i]; ++i)
+      if (grub_strcmp (grub_fs->name, journaled_fs[i]) == 0)
+	{
+	  int retries = 10;
+
+	  /* If the fs is already frozen at that point, we could generally
+	   * expected that it will be soon unfrozen again (assuming some other
+	   * process has frozen it for snapshotting or something), so we may
+	   * as well retry a few (limited) times in a delay loop. */
+	  while (retries-- && !grub_install_sync_fs_journal (grubdir))
+	    grub_sleep (1);
+	  break;
+	}
+  }
+
   fprintf (stderr, "%s\n", _("Installation finished. No error reported."));
 
   /* Free resources.  */