File provide-the-missing-features-required-for-yomi-yet-o.patch of Package salt

From d8e0602b36fcfc8b6a446ef56726eae08726e5ae Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: =?UTF-8?q?Pablo=20Su=C3=A1rez=20Hern=C3=A1ndez?=
 <psuarezhernandez@suse.com>
Date: Thu, 20 Jun 2019 12:52:45 +0100
Subject: [PATCH] Provide the missing features required for Yomi (Yet one
 more installer)

---
 doc/ref/modules/all/index.rst                |    1 +
 doc/ref/modules/all/salt.modules.kubeadm.rst |    5 +
 salt/grains/core.py                          |    4 +
 salt/loader.py                               |   44 +-
 salt/modules/aixpkg.py                       |    2 +-
 salt/modules/apkpkg.py                       |   12 +-
 salt/modules/aptpkg.py                       |   14 +-
 salt/modules/dpkg_lowpkg.py                  |    6 +-
 salt/modules/ebuildpkg.py                    |    8 +-
 salt/modules/freebsdpkg.py                   |    6 +-
 salt/modules/kubeadm.py                      | 1265 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 salt/modules/mac_brew_pkg.py                 |    8 +-
 salt/modules/mac_portspkg.py                 |    6 +-
 salt/modules/openbsdpkg.py                   |    2 +-
 salt/modules/pacmanpkg.py                    |   10 +-
 salt/modules/pkgin.py                        |    8 +-
 salt/modules/pkgng.py                        |    4 +-
 salt/modules/rpm_lowpkg.py                   |  101 +-
 salt/modules/solarisipspkg.py                |    4 +-
 salt/modules/solarispkg.py                   |    2 +-
 salt/modules/systemd_service.py              |   55 ++
 salt/modules/xbpspkg.py                      |   12 +-
 salt/modules/yumpkg.py                       |   34 +-
 salt/modules/zypperpkg.py                    |  501 +++++++---
 salt/states/btrfs.py                         |  385 ++++++++
 salt/states/file.py                          |    6 +-
 salt/states/loop.py                          |    4 +
 salt/states/pkg.py                           |   26 +-
 salt/states/pkgrepo.py                       |   14 +-
 salt/utils/oset.py                           |    7 +-
 tests/unit/modules/test_kubeadm.py           | 1144 +++++++++++++++++++++++
 tests/unit/modules/test_rpm_lowpkg.py        |   87 +-
 tests/unit/modules/test_systemd_service.py   |   53 ++
 tests/unit/modules/test_zypperpkg.py         |  100 +-
 tests/unit/states/test_btrfs.py              |  782 ++++++++++++++++
 tests/unit/states/test_pkg.py                |    7 +-
 tests/unit/test_loader.py                    |   96 +-
 37 files changed, 4550 insertions(+), 275 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 doc/ref/modules/all/salt.modules.kubeadm.rst
 create mode 100644 salt/modules/kubeadm.py
 create mode 100644 salt/states/btrfs.py
 create mode 100644 tests/unit/modules/test_kubeadm.py
 create mode 100644 tests/unit/states/test_btrfs.py

diff --git a/doc/ref/modules/all/index.rst b/doc/ref/modules/all/index.rst
index 359af7e1e0..8e1bf2ecf1 100644
--- a/doc/ref/modules/all/index.rst
+++ b/doc/ref/modules/all/index.rst
@@ -214,6 +214,7 @@ execution modules
     keystoneng
     keystore
     kmod
+    kubeadm
     kubernetesmod
     launchctl_service
     layman
diff --git a/doc/ref/modules/all/salt.modules.kubeadm.rst b/doc/ref/modules/all/salt.modules.kubeadm.rst
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..137c779da2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/doc/ref/modules/all/salt.modules.kubeadm.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+salt.modules.kubeadm module
+===========================
+
+.. automodule:: salt.modules.kubeadm
+    :members:
diff --git a/salt/grains/core.py b/salt/grains/core.py
index f1e3ebe9d2..b58c29dbc3 100644
--- a/salt/grains/core.py
+++ b/salt/grains/core.py
@@ -2611,6 +2611,10 @@ def _hw_data(osdata):
                         grains[key] = salt.utils.stringutils.to_unicode(ifile.read().strip(), errors='replace')
                         if key == 'uuid':
                             grains['uuid'] = grains['uuid'].lower()
+                except UnicodeDecodeError:
+                    # Some firmwares provide non-valid 'product_name'
+                    # files, ignore them
+                    pass
                 except (IOError, OSError) as err:
                     # PermissionError is new to Python 3, but corresponds to the EACESS and
                     # EPERM error numbers. Use those instead here for PY2 compatibility.
diff --git a/salt/loader.py b/salt/loader.py
index 860162b791..c68562988d 100644
--- a/salt/loader.py
+++ b/salt/loader.py
@@ -254,6 +254,7 @@ def minion_mods(
         whitelist=whitelist,
         loaded_base_name=loaded_base_name,
         static_modules=static_modules,
+        extra_module_dirs=utils.module_dirs if utils else None,
     )
 
     ret.pack['__salt__'] = ret
@@ -347,6 +348,7 @@ def engines(opts, functions, runners, utils, proxy=None):
         opts,
         tag='engines',
         pack=pack,
+        extra_module_dirs=utils.module_dirs if utils else None,
     )
 
 
@@ -359,6 +361,7 @@ def proxy(opts, functions=None, returners=None, whitelist=None, utils=None):
         opts,
         tag='proxy',
         pack={'__salt__': functions, '__ret__': returners, '__utils__': utils},
+        extra_module_dirs=utils.module_dirs if utils else None,
     )
 
     ret.pack['__proxy__'] = ret
@@ -396,12 +399,14 @@ def pillars(opts, functions, context=None):
     '''
     Returns the pillars modules
     '''
+    _utils = utils(opts)
     ret = LazyLoader(_module_dirs(opts, 'pillar'),
                      opts,
                      tag='pillar',
                      pack={'__salt__': functions,
                            '__context__': context,
-                           '__utils__': utils(opts)})
+                           '__utils__': _utils},
+                     extra_module_dirs=_utils.module_dirs)
     ret.pack['__ext_pillar__'] = ret
     return FilterDictWrapper(ret, '.ext_pillar')
 
@@ -501,11 +506,13 @@ def fileserver(opts, backends):
     '''
     Returns the file server modules
     '''
+    _utils = utils(opts)
     return LazyLoader(_module_dirs(opts, 'fileserver'),
                       opts,
                       tag='fileserver',
                       whitelist=backends,
-                      pack={'__utils__': utils(opts)})
+                      pack={'__utils__': _utils},
+                      extra_module_dirs=_utils.module_dirs)
 
 
 def roster(opts, runner=None, utils=None, whitelist=None):
@@ -521,6 +528,7 @@ def roster(opts, runner=None, utils=None, whitelist=None):
             '__runner__': runner,
             '__utils__': utils,
         },
+        extra_module_dirs=utils.module_dirs if utils else None,
     )
 
 
@@ -562,6 +570,7 @@ def states(opts, functions, utils, serializers, whitelist=None, proxy=None, cont
         tag='states',
         pack={'__salt__': functions, '__proxy__': proxy or {}},
         whitelist=whitelist,
+        extra_module_dirs=utils.module_dirs if utils else None,
     )
     ret.pack['__states__'] = ret
     ret.pack['__utils__'] = utils
@@ -683,6 +692,7 @@ def grain_funcs(opts, proxy=None):
         ),
         opts,
         tag='grains',
+        extra_module_dirs=_utils.module_dirs,
     )
     ret.pack['__utils__'] = utils(opts, proxy=proxy)
     return ret
@@ -947,6 +957,7 @@ def runner(opts, utils=None, context=None, whitelist=None):
         tag='runners',
         pack={'__utils__': utils, '__context__': context},
         whitelist=whitelist,
+        extra_module_dirs=utils.module_dirs if utils else None,
     )
     # TODO: change from __salt__ to something else, we overload __salt__ too much
     ret.pack['__salt__'] = ret
@@ -982,6 +993,7 @@ def sdb(opts, functions=None, whitelist=None, utils=None):
             '__salt__': minion_mods(opts, utils=utils),
         },
         whitelist=whitelist,
+        extra_module_dirs=utils.module_dirs if utils else None,
     )
 
 
@@ -1023,6 +1035,7 @@ def clouds(opts):
     '''
     Return the cloud functions
     '''
+    _utils = salt.loader.utils(opts)
     # Let's bring __active_provider_name__, defaulting to None, to all cloud
     # drivers. This will get temporarily updated/overridden with a context
     # manager when needed.
@@ -1034,8 +1047,9 @@ def clouds(opts):
                      int_type='clouds'),
         opts,
         tag='clouds',
-        pack={'__utils__': salt.loader.utils(opts),
+        pack={'__utils__': _utils,
               '__active_provider_name__': None},
+        extra_module_dirs=_utils.module_dirs,
     )
     for funcname in LIBCLOUD_FUNCS_NOT_SUPPORTED:
         log.trace(
@@ -1149,6 +1163,7 @@ class LazyLoader(salt.utils.lazy.LazyDict):
     :param bool virtual_enable: Whether or not to respect the __virtual__ function when loading modules.
     :param str virtual_funcs: The name of additional functions in the module to call to verify its functionality.
                                 If not true, the module will not load.
+    :param list extra_module_dirs: A list of directories that will be able to import from
     :returns: A LazyLoader object which functions as a dictionary. Keys are 'module.function' and values
     are function references themselves which are loaded on-demand.
     # TODO:
@@ -1170,6 +1185,7 @@ class LazyLoader(salt.utils.lazy.LazyDict):
                  static_modules=None,
                  proxy=None,
                  virtual_funcs=None,
+                 extra_module_dirs=None,
                  ):  # pylint: disable=W0231
         '''
         In pack, if any of the values are None they will be replaced with an
@@ -1211,6 +1227,9 @@ class LazyLoader(salt.utils.lazy.LazyDict):
             virtual_funcs = []
         self.virtual_funcs = virtual_funcs
 
+        self.extra_module_dirs = extra_module_dirs if extra_module_dirs else []
+        self._clean_module_dirs = []
+
         self.disabled = set(
             self.opts.get(
                 'disable_{0}{1}'.format(
@@ -1517,12 +1536,30 @@ class LazyLoader(salt.utils.lazy.LazyDict):
                 reload_module(submodule)
                 self._reload_submodules(submodule)
 
+    def __populate_sys_path(self):
+        for directory in self.extra_module_dirs:
+            if directory not in sys.path:
+                sys.path.append(directory)
+                self._clean_module_dirs.append(directory)
+
+    def __clean_sys_path(self):
+        for directory in self._clean_module_dirs:
+            if directory in sys.path:
+                sys.path.remove(directory)
+        self._clean_module_dirs = []
+
+        # Be sure that sys.path_importer_cache do not contains any
+        # invalid FileFinder references
+        if USE_IMPORTLIB:
+            importlib.invalidate_caches()
+
     def _load_module(self, name):
         mod = None
         fpath, suffix = self.file_mapping[name][:2]
         self.loaded_files.add(name)
         fpath_dirname = os.path.dirname(fpath)
         try:
+            self.__populate_sys_path()
             sys.path.append(fpath_dirname)
             if suffix == '.pyx':
                 mod = pyximport.load_module(name, fpath, tempfile.gettempdir())
@@ -1645,6 +1682,7 @@ class LazyLoader(salt.utils.lazy.LazyDict):
             return False
         finally:
             sys.path.remove(fpath_dirname)
+            self.__clean_sys_path()
 
         if hasattr(mod, '__opts__'):
             mod.__opts__.update(self.opts)
diff --git a/salt/modules/aixpkg.py b/salt/modules/aixpkg.py
index 4f9852b504..d35946f397 100644
--- a/salt/modules/aixpkg.py
+++ b/salt/modules/aixpkg.py
@@ -400,7 +400,7 @@ def latest_version(*names, **kwargs):
 available_version = salt.utils.functools.alias_function(latest_version, 'available_version')
 
 
-def upgrade_available(name):
+def upgrade_available(name, **kwargs):
     '''
     Check whether or not an upgrade is available for a given package
 
diff --git a/salt/modules/apkpkg.py b/salt/modules/apkpkg.py
index 2e9a2a952e..4f84642e02 100644
--- a/salt/modules/apkpkg.py
+++ b/salt/modules/apkpkg.py
@@ -83,7 +83,7 @@ def version(*names, **kwargs):
     return __salt__['pkg_resource.version'](*names, **kwargs)
 
 
-def refresh_db():
+def refresh_db(**kwargs):
     '''
     Updates the package list
 
@@ -425,7 +425,7 @@ def remove(name=None, pkgs=None, purge=False, **kwargs):  # pylint: disable=unus
     return ret
 
 
-def upgrade(name=None, pkgs=None, refresh=True):
+def upgrade(name=None, pkgs=None, refresh=True, **kwargs):
     '''
     Upgrades all packages via ``apk upgrade`` or a specific package if name or
     pkgs is specified. Name is ignored if pkgs is specified
@@ -485,7 +485,7 @@ def upgrade(name=None, pkgs=None, refresh=True):
     return ret
 
 
-def list_upgrades(refresh=True):
+def list_upgrades(refresh=True, **kwargs):
     '''
     List all available package upgrades.
 
@@ -524,7 +524,7 @@ def list_upgrades(refresh=True):
     return ret
 
 
-def file_list(*packages):
+def file_list(*packages, **kwargs):
     '''
     List the files that belong to a package. Not specifying any packages will
     return a list of _every_ file on the system's package database (not
@@ -541,7 +541,7 @@ def file_list(*packages):
     return file_dict(*packages)
 
 
-def file_dict(*packages):
+def file_dict(*packages, **kwargs):
     '''
     List the files that belong to a package, grouped by package. Not
     specifying any packages will return a list of _every_ file on the system's
@@ -580,7 +580,7 @@ def file_dict(*packages):
     return {'errors': errors, 'packages': ret}
 
 
-def owner(*paths):
+def owner(*paths, **kwargs):
     '''
     Return the name of the package that owns the file. Multiple file paths can
     be passed. Like :mod:`pkg.version <salt.modules.apk.version`, if a single
diff --git a/salt/modules/aptpkg.py b/salt/modules/aptpkg.py
index 345b8422d9..13484c96bc 100644
--- a/salt/modules/aptpkg.py
+++ b/salt/modules/aptpkg.py
@@ -335,7 +335,7 @@ def version(*names, **kwargs):
     return __salt__['pkg_resource.version'](*names, **kwargs)
 
 
-def refresh_db(cache_valid_time=0, failhard=False):
+def refresh_db(cache_valid_time=0, failhard=False, **kwargs):
     '''
     Updates the APT database to latest packages based upon repositories
 
@@ -1438,7 +1438,7 @@ def list_upgrades(refresh=True, dist_upgrade=True, **kwargs):
     return _get_upgradable(dist_upgrade, **kwargs)
 
 
-def upgrade_available(name):
+def upgrade_available(name, **kwargs):
     '''
     Check whether or not an upgrade is available for a given package
 
@@ -1451,7 +1451,7 @@ def upgrade_available(name):
     return latest_version(name) != ''
 
 
-def version_cmp(pkg1, pkg2, ignore_epoch=False):
+def version_cmp(pkg1, pkg2, ignore_epoch=False, **kwargs):
     '''
     Do a cmp-style comparison on two packages. Return -1 if pkg1 < pkg2, 0 if
     pkg1 == pkg2, and 1 if pkg1 > pkg2. Return None if there was a problem
@@ -1641,7 +1641,7 @@ def _skip_source(source):
     return False
 
 
-def list_repos():
+def list_repos(**kwargs):
     '''
     Lists all repos in the sources.list (and sources.lists.d) files
 
@@ -2411,7 +2411,7 @@ def mod_repo(repo, saltenv='base', **kwargs):
     }
 
 
-def file_list(*packages):
+def file_list(*packages, **kwargs):
     '''
     List the files that belong to a package. Not specifying any packages will
     return a list of _every_ file on the system's package database (not
@@ -2428,7 +2428,7 @@ def file_list(*packages):
     return __salt__['lowpkg.file_list'](*packages)
 
 
-def file_dict(*packages):
+def file_dict(*packages, **kwargs):
     '''
     List the files that belong to a package, grouped by package. Not
     specifying any packages will return a list of _every_ file on the system's
@@ -2712,7 +2712,7 @@ def _resolve_deps(name, pkgs, **kwargs):
     return
 
 
-def owner(*paths):
+def owner(*paths, **kwargs):
     '''
     .. versionadded:: 2014.7.0
 
diff --git a/salt/modules/dpkg_lowpkg.py b/salt/modules/dpkg_lowpkg.py
index b78e844830..a64e6d57da 100644
--- a/salt/modules/dpkg_lowpkg.py
+++ b/salt/modules/dpkg_lowpkg.py
@@ -135,7 +135,7 @@ def unpurge(*packages):
     return salt.utils.data.compare_dicts(old, new)
 
 
-def list_pkgs(*packages):
+def list_pkgs(*packages, **kwargs):
     '''
     List the packages currently installed in a dict::
 
@@ -169,7 +169,7 @@ def list_pkgs(*packages):
     return pkgs
 
 
-def file_list(*packages):
+def file_list(*packages, **kwargs):
     '''
     List the files that belong to a package. Not specifying any packages will
     return a list of _every_ file on the system's package database (not
@@ -211,7 +211,7 @@ def file_list(*packages):
     return {'errors': errors, 'files': list(ret)}
 
 
-def file_dict(*packages):
+def file_dict(*packages, **kwargs):
     '''
     List the files that belong to a package, grouped by package. Not
     specifying any packages will return a list of _every_ file on the system's
diff --git a/salt/modules/ebuildpkg.py b/salt/modules/ebuildpkg.py
index cb77ff7852..205318f579 100644
--- a/salt/modules/ebuildpkg.py
+++ b/salt/modules/ebuildpkg.py
@@ -358,7 +358,7 @@ def list_upgrades(refresh=True, backtrack=3, **kwargs):  # pylint: disable=W0613
     return _get_upgradable(backtrack)
 
 
-def upgrade_available(name):
+def upgrade_available(name, **kwargs):
     '''
     Check whether or not an upgrade is available for a given package
 
@@ -440,7 +440,7 @@ def list_pkgs(versions_as_list=False, **kwargs):
     return ret
 
 
-def refresh_db():
+def refresh_db(**kwargs):
     '''
     Update the portage tree using the first available method from the following
     list:
@@ -765,7 +765,7 @@ def install(name=None,
     return changes
 
 
-def update(pkg, slot=None, fromrepo=None, refresh=False, binhost=None):
+def update(pkg, slot=None, fromrepo=None, refresh=False, binhost=None, **kwargs):
     '''
     .. versionchanged:: 2015.8.12,2016.3.3,2016.11.0
         On minions running systemd>=205, `systemd-run(1)`_ is now used to
@@ -858,7 +858,7 @@ def update(pkg, slot=None, fromrepo=None, refresh=False, binhost=None):
     return ret
 
 
-def upgrade(refresh=True, binhost=None, backtrack=3):
+def upgrade(refresh=True, binhost=None, backtrack=3, **kwargs):
     '''
     .. versionchanged:: 2015.8.12,2016.3.3,2016.11.0
         On minions running systemd>=205, `systemd-run(1)`_ is now used to
diff --git a/salt/modules/freebsdpkg.py b/salt/modules/freebsdpkg.py
index 43f127ef35..0bae7a3bab 100644
--- a/salt/modules/freebsdpkg.py
+++ b/salt/modules/freebsdpkg.py
@@ -238,7 +238,7 @@ def version(*names, **kwargs):
     ])
 
 
-def refresh_db():
+def refresh_db(**kwargs):
     '''
     ``pkg_add(1)`` does not use a local database of available packages, so this
     function simply returns ``True``. it exists merely for API compatibility.
@@ -503,7 +503,7 @@ def _rehash():
         __salt__['cmd.shell']('rehash', output_loglevel='trace')
 
 
-def file_list(*packages):
+def file_list(*packages, **kwargs):
     '''
     List the files that belong to a package. Not specifying any packages will
     return a list of _every_ file on the system's package database (not
@@ -525,7 +525,7 @@ def file_list(*packages):
     return ret
 
 
-def file_dict(*packages):
+def file_dict(*packages, **kwargs):
     '''
     List the files that belong to a package, grouped by package. Not
     specifying any packages will return a list of _every_ file on the
diff --git a/salt/modules/kubeadm.py b/salt/modules/kubeadm.py
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..2b1e7906a1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/salt/modules/kubeadm.py
@@ -0,0 +1,1265 @@
+# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
+#
+# Author: Alberto Planas <aplanas@suse.com>
+#
+# Copyright 2019 SUSE LINUX GmbH, Nuernberg, Germany.
+#
+# Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+# or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+# distributed with this work for additional information
+# regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+# to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+# "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+# with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+#
+#   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+#
+# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
+# software distributed under the License is distributed on an
+# "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
+# KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
+# specific language governing permissions and limitations
+# under the License.
+
+'''
+:maintainer:    Alberto Planas <aplanas@suse.com>
+:maturity:      new
+:depends:       None
+:platform:      Linux
+'''
+from __future__ import absolute_import, print_function, unicode_literals
+import json
+import logging
+import re
+
+from salt.exceptions import CommandExecutionError
+from salt.ext.six.moves import zip
+import salt.utils.files
+
+ADMIN_CFG = '/etc/kubernetes/admin.conf'
+
+log = logging.getLogger(__name__)
+
+__virtualname__ = 'kubeadm'
+
+# Define not exported variables from Salt, so this can be imported as
+# a normal module
+try:
+    __salt__
+except NameError:
+    __salt__ = {}
+
+
+def _api_server_endpoint(config=None):
+    '''
+    Return the API server endpoint
+    '''
+    config = config if config else ADMIN_CFG
+    endpoint = None
+    try:
+        with salt.utils.files.fopen(config, 'r') as fp_:
+            endpoint = re.search(r'^\s*server: https?://(.*)$',
+                                 fp_.read(),
+                                 re.MULTILINE).group(1)
+    except Exception:
+        # Any error or exception is mapped to None
+        pass
+    return endpoint
+
+
+def _token(create_if_needed=True):
+    '''
+    Return a valid bootstrap token
+    '''
+    tokens = token_list()
+    if not tokens:
+        token_create(description='Token created by kubeadm salt module')
+        tokens = token_list()
+    # We expect that the token is valid for authestication and signing
+    return tokens[0]['token']
+
+
+def _discovery_token_ca_cert_hash():
+    cmd = ['openssl', 'x509', '-pubkey', '-in', '/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.crt',
+           '|', 'openssl', 'rsa', '-pubin', '-outform', 'der', '2>/dev/null',
+           '|', 'openssl', 'dgst', '-sha256', '-hex',
+           '|', 'sed', "'s/^.* //'"]
+    result = __salt__['cmd.run_all'](' '.join(cmd), python_shell=True)
+    if result['retcode']:
+        raise CommandExecutionError(result['stderr'])
+
+    return 'sha256:{}'.format(result['stdout'])
+
+
+def join_params(create_if_needed=False):
+    '''
+    .. versionadded:: TBD
+
+    Return the parameters required for joining into the cluster
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+       salt '*' kubeadm.join_params
+       salt '*' kubeadm.join_params create_if_needed=True
+
+    '''
+
+    params = {
+        'api-server-endpoint': _api_server_endpoint(),
+        'token': _token(create_if_needed),
+        'discovery-token-ca-cert-hash': _discovery_token_ca_cert_hash(),
+    }
+    return params
+
+
+def version(kubeconfig=None, rootfs=None):
+    '''
+    .. versionadded:: TBD
+
+    Return the version of kubeadm
+
+    kubeconfig
+       The kubeconfig file to use when talking to the cluster. The
+       default values in /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf
+
+    rootfs
+       The path to the real host root filesystem
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+       salt '*' kubeadm.version
+
+    '''
+    cmd = ['kubeadm', 'version']
+
+    parameters = [('kubeconfig', kubeconfig), ('rootfs', rootfs)]
+    for parameter, value in parameters:
+        if value:
+            cmd.extend(['--{}'.format(parameter), str(value)])
+
+    cmd.extend(['--output', 'json'])
+
+    return json.loads(__salt__['cmd.run_stdout'](cmd))
+
+
+def _cmd(cmd):
+    '''Utility function to run commands.'''
+    result = __salt__['cmd.run_all'](cmd)
+    if result['retcode']:
+        raise CommandExecutionError(result['stderr'])
+    return result['stdout']
+
+
+def token_create(token=None, config=None, description=None,
+                 groups=None, ttl=None, usages=None, kubeconfig=None,
+                 rootfs=None):
+    '''
+    .. versionadded:: TBD
+
+    Create bootstrap tokens on the server
+
+    token
+       Token to write, if None one will be gerenared. The token must
+       match a regular expression, that by default is
+       [a-z0-9]{6}.[a-z0-9]{16}
+
+    config
+       Path to kubeadm configuration file
+
+    description
+       A human friendly description of how this token is used
+
+    groups
+       List of extra groups that this token will authenticate, defaut
+       to ['system:bootstrappers:kubeadm:default-node-token']
+
+    ttl
+       The duration defore the token is automatically deleted (1s, 2m,
+       3h). If set to '0' the token will never expire. Default value
+       is 24h0m0s
+
+    usages
+       Describes the ways in wich this token can be used. The default
+       value is ['signing', 'authentication']
+
+    kubeconfig
+       The kubeconfig file to use when talking to the cluster. The
+       default values in /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf
+
+    rootfs
+       The path to the real host root filesystem
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+       salt '*' kubeadm.token_create
+       salt '*' kubeadm.token_create a1b2c.0123456789abcdef
+       salt '*' kubeadm.token_create ttl='6h'
+       salt '*' kubeadm.token_create usages="['signing']"
+
+    '''
+    cmd = ['kubeadm', 'token', 'create']
+    if token:
+        cmd.append(token)
+
+    parameters = [('config', config), ('description', description),
+                  ('groups', groups), ('ttl', ttl), ('usages', usages),
+                  ('kubeconfig', kubeconfig), ('rootfs', rootfs)]
+    for parameter, value in parameters:
+        if value:
+            if parameter in ('groups', 'usages'):
+                cmd.extend(['--{}'.format(parameter), json.dumps(value)])
+            else:
+                cmd.extend(['--{}'.format(parameter), str(value)])
+
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def token_delete(token, kubeconfig=None, rootfs=None):
+    '''
+    .. versionadded:: TBD
+
+    Delete bootstrap tokens on the server
+
+    token
+       Token to write, if None one will be gerenared. The token must
+       match a regular expression, that by default is
+       [a-z0-9]{6}.[a-z0-9]{16}
+
+    kubeconfig
+       The kubeconfig file to use when talking to the cluster. The
+       default values in /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf
+
+    rootfs
+       The path to the real host root filesystem
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+       salt '*' kubeadm.token_delete a1b2c
+       salt '*' kubeadm.token_create a1b2c.0123456789abcdef
+
+    '''
+    cmd = ['kubeadm', 'token', 'delete', token]
+
+    parameters = [('kubeconfig', kubeconfig), ('rootfs', rootfs)]
+    for parameter, value in parameters:
+        if value:
+            cmd.extend(['--{}'.format(parameter), str(value)])
+
+    return bool(_cmd(cmd))
+
+
+def token_generate(kubeconfig=None, rootfs=None):
+    '''
+    .. versionadded:: TBD
+
+    Generate and return a bootstrap token, but do not create it on the
+    server
+
+    kubeconfig
+       The kubeconfig file to use when talking to the cluster. The
+       default values in /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf
+
+    rootfs
+       The path to the real host root filesystem
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+       salt '*' kubeadm.token_generate
+
+    '''
+    cmd = ['kubeadm', 'token', 'generate']
+
+    parameters = [('kubeconfig', kubeconfig), ('rootfs', rootfs)]
+    for parameter, value in parameters:
+        if value:
+            cmd.extend(['--{}'.format(parameter), str(value)])
+
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def token_list(kubeconfig=None, rootfs=None):
+    '''
+    .. versionadded:: TBD
+
+    List bootstrap tokens on the server
+
+    kubeconfig
+       The kubeconfig file to use when talking to the cluster. The
+       default values in /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf
+
+    rootfs
+       The path to the real host root filesystem
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+       salt '*' kubeadm.token_list
+
+    '''
+    cmd = ['kubeadm', 'token', 'list']
+
+    parameters = [('kubeconfig', kubeconfig), ('rootfs', rootfs)]
+    for parameter, value in parameters:
+        if value:
+            cmd.extend(['--{}'.format(parameter), str(value)])
+
+    lines = _cmd(cmd).splitlines()
+
+    # Find the header and parse it.  We do not need to validate the
+    # content, as the regex will take care of future changes.
+    header = lines.pop(0)
+    header = [i.lower() for i in re.findall(r'(\w+(?:\s\w+)*)', header)]
+
+    tokens = []
+    for line in lines:
+        # TODO(aplanas): descriptions with multiple spaces can break
+        # the parser.
+        values = re.findall(r'(\S+(?:\s\S+)*)', line)
+        if len(header) != len(values):
+            log.error('Error parsing line: {}'.format(line))
+            continue
+        tokens.append({key: value for key, value in zip(header, values)})
+    return tokens
+
+
+def alpha_certs_renew(rootfs=None):
+    '''
+    .. versionadded:: TBD
+
+    Renews certificates for a Kubernetes cluster
+
+    rootfs
+       The path to the real host root filesystem
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+       salt '*' kubeadm.alpha_certs_renew
+
+    '''
+    cmd = ['kubeadm', 'alpha', 'certs', 'renew']
+
+    parameters = [('rootfs', rootfs)]
+    for parameter, value in parameters:
+        if value:
+            cmd.extend(['--{}'.format(parameter), str(value)])
+
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def alpha_kubeconfig_user(client_name,
+                          apiserver_advertise_address=None,
+                          apiserver_bind_port=None, cert_dir=None,
+                          org=None, token=None, rootfs=None):
+    '''
+    .. versionadded:: TBD
+
+    Outputs a kubeconfig file for an additional user
+
+    client_name
+       The name of the user. It will be used as the CN if client
+       certificates are created
+
+    apiserver_advertise_address
+       The IP address the API server is accessible on
+
+    apiserver_bind_port
+       The port the API server is accessible on (default 6443)
+
+    cert_dir
+       The path where certificates are stored (default
+       "/etc/kubernetes/pki")
+
+    org
+       The organization of the client certificate
+
+    token
+       The token that show be used as the authentication mechanism for
+       this kubeconfig, instead of client certificates
+
+    rootfs
+       The path to the real host root filesystem
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+       salt '*' kubeadm.alpha_kubeconfig_user client_name=user
+
+    '''
+    cmd = ['kubeadm', 'alpha', 'kubeconfig', 'user', '--client-name',
+           client_name]
+
+    parameters = [('apiserver-advertise-address', apiserver_advertise_address),
+                  ('apiserver-bind-port', apiserver_bind_port),
+                  ('cert-dir', cert_dir), ('org', org),
+                  ('token', token), ('rootfs', rootfs)]
+    for parameter, value in parameters:
+        if value:
+            cmd.extend(['--{}'.format(parameter), str(value)])
+
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def alpha_kubelet_config_download(kubeconfig=None, kubelet_version=None,
+                                  rootfs=None):
+    '''
+    .. versionadded:: TBD
+
+    Downloads the kubelet configuration from the cluster ConfigMap
+    kubelet-config-1.X
+
+    kubeconfig
+       The kubeconfig file to use when talking to the cluster. The
+       default values in /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf
+
+    kubelet_version
+       The desired version for the kubelet
+
+    rootfs
+       The path to the real host root filesystem
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+       salt '*' kubeadm.alpha_kubelet_config_download
+       salt '*' kubeadm.alpha_kubelet_config_download kubelet_version='1.14.0'
+
+    '''
+    cmd = ['kubeadm', 'alpha', 'kubelet', 'config', 'download']
+
+    parameters = [('kubeconfig', kubeconfig),
+                  ('kubelet-version', kubelet_version),
+                  ('rootfs', rootfs)]
+    for parameter, value in parameters:
+        if value:
+            cmd.extend(['--{}'.format(parameter), str(value)])
+
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def alpha_kubelet_config_enable_dynamic(node_name, kubeconfig=None,
+                                        kubelet_version=None,
+                                        rootfs=None):
+    '''
+    .. versionadded:: TBD
+
+    Enables or updates dynamic kubelet configuration for a node
+
+    node_name
+       Name of the node that should enable the dynamic kubelet
+       configuration
+
+    kubeconfig
+       The kubeconfig file to use when talking to the cluster. The
+       default values in /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf
+
+    kubelet_version
+       The desired version for the kubelet
+
+    rootfs
+       The path to the real host root filesystem
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+       salt '*' kubeadm.alpha_kubelet_config_enable_dynamic node-1
+
+    '''
+    cmd = ['kubeadm', 'alpha', 'kubelet', 'config', 'enable-dynamic',
+           '--node-name', node_name]
+
+    parameters = [('kubeconfig', kubeconfig),
+                  ('kubelet-version', kubelet_version),
+                  ('rootfs', rootfs)]
+    for parameter, value in parameters:
+        if value:
+            cmd.extend(['--{}'.format(parameter), str(value)])
+
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def alpha_selfhosting_pivot(cert_dir=None, config=None,
+                            kubeconfig=None,
+                            store_certs_in_secrets=False, rootfs=None):
+    '''
+    .. versionadded:: TBD
+
+    Converts a static Pod-hosted control plane into a selt-hosted one
+
+    cert_dir
+       The path where certificates are stored (default
+       "/etc/kubernetes/pki")
+
+    config
+       Path to kubeadm configuration file
+
+    kubeconfig
+       The kubeconfig file to use when talking to the cluster. The
+       default values in /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf
+
+    store_certs_in_secrets
+       Enable storing certs in secrets
+
+    rootfs
+       The path to the real host root filesystem
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+       salt '*' kubeadm.alpha_selfhost_pivot
+
+    '''
+    cmd = ['kubeadm', 'alpha', 'selfhosting', 'pivot', '--force']
+
+    if store_certs_in_secrets:
+        cmd.append('--store-certs-in-secrets')
+
+    parameters = [('cert-dir', cert_dir),
+                  ('config', config),
+                  ('kubeconfig', kubeconfig),
+                  ('rootfs', rootfs)]
+    for parameter, value in parameters:
+        if value:
+            cmd.extend(['--{}'.format(parameter), str(value)])
+
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def config_images_list(config=None, feature_gates=None,
+                       kubernetes_version=None, kubeconfig=None,
+                       rootfs=None):
+    '''
+    .. versionadded:: TBD
+
+    Print a list of images kubeadm will use
+
+    config
+       Path to kubeadm configuration file
+
+    feature_gates
+       A set of key=value pairs that describe feature gates for
+       various features
+
+    kubernetes_version
+       Choose a specifig Kubernetes version for the control plane
+       (default "stable-1")
+
+    kubeconfig
+       The kubeconfig file to use when talking to the cluster. The
+       default values in /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf
+
+    rootfs
+       The path to the real host root filesystem
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+       salt '*' kubeadm.config_images_list
+
+    '''
+    cmd = ['kubeadm', 'config', 'images', 'list']
+
+    parameters = [('config', config),
+                  ('feature-gates', feature_gates),
+                  ('kubernetes-version', kubernetes_version),
+                  ('kubeconfig', kubeconfig),
+                  ('rootfs', rootfs)]
+    for parameter, value in parameters:
+        if value:
+            cmd.extend(['--{}'.format(parameter), str(value)])
+
+    return _cmd(cmd).splitlines()
+
+
+def config_images_pull(config=None, cri_socket=None,
+                       feature_gates=None, kubernetes_version=None,
+                       kubeconfig=None, rootfs=None):
+    '''
+    .. versionadded:: TBD
+
+    Pull images used by kubeadm
+
+    config
+       Path to kubeadm configuration file
+
+    cri_socket
+       Path to the CRI socket to connect
+
+    feature_gates
+       A set of key=value pairs that describe feature gates for
+       various features
+
+    kubernetes_version
+       Choose a specifig Kubernetes version for the control plane
+       (default "stable-1")
+
+    kubeconfig
+       The kubeconfig file to use when talking to the cluster. The
+       default values in /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf
+
+    rootfs
+       The path to the real host root filesystem
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+       salt '*' kubeadm.config_images_pull
+
+    '''
+    cmd = ['kubeadm', 'config', 'images', 'pull']
+
+    parameters = [('config', config),
+                  ('cri-socket', cri_socket),
+                  ('feature-gates', feature_gates),
+                  ('kubernetes-version', kubernetes_version),
+                  ('kubeconfig', kubeconfig),
+                  ('rootfs', rootfs)]
+    for parameter, value in parameters:
+        if value:
+            cmd.extend(['--{}'.format(parameter), str(value)])
+
+    prefix = '[config/images] Pulled '
+    return [(line.replace(prefix, '')) for line in _cmd(cmd).splitlines()]
+
+
+def config_migrate(old_config, new_config=None, kubeconfig=None,
+                   rootfs=None):
+    '''
+    .. versionadded:: TBD
+
+    Read an older version of the kubeadm configuration API types from
+    a file, and output the similar config object for the newer version
+
+    old_config
+       Path to the kubeadm config file that is usin the old API
+       version and should be converted
+
+    new_config
+       Path to the resulting equivalent kubeadm config file using the
+       new API version. If not specified the output will be returned
+
+    kubeconfig
+       The kubeconfig file to use when talking to the cluster. The
+       default values in /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf
+
+    rootfs
+       The path to the real host root filesystem
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+       salt '*' kubeadm.config_migrate /oldconfig.cfg
+
+    '''
+    cmd = ['kubeadm', 'config', 'migrate', '--old-config', old_config]
+
+    parameters = [('new-config', new_config),
+                  ('kubeconfig', kubeconfig),
+                  ('rootfs', rootfs)]
+    for parameter, value in parameters:
+        if value:
+            cmd.extend(['--{}'.format(parameter), str(value)])
+
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def config_print_init_defaults(component_configs=None,
+                               kubeconfig=None, rootfs=None):
+    '''
+    .. versionadded:: TBD
+
+    Return default init configuration, that can be used for 'kubeadm
+    init'
+
+    component_config
+       A comma-separated list for component config API object to print
+       the default values for (valid values: KubeProxyConfiguration,
+       KubeletConfiguration)
+
+    kubeconfig
+       The kubeconfig file to use when talking to the cluster. The
+       default values in /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf
+
+    rootfs
+       The path to the real host root filesystem
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+       salt '*' kubeadm.config_print_init_defaults
+
+    '''
+    cmd = ['kubeadm', 'config', 'print', 'init-defaults']
+
+    parameters = [('component-configs', component_configs),
+                  ('kubeconfig', kubeconfig),
+                  ('rootfs', rootfs)]
+    for parameter, value in parameters:
+        if value:
+            cmd.extend(['--{}'.format(parameter), str(value)])
+
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def config_print_join_defaults(component_configs=None,
+                               kubeconfig=None, rootfs=None):
+    '''
+    .. versionadded:: TBD
+
+    Return default join configuration, that can be used for 'kubeadm
+    join'
+
+    component_config
+       A comma-separated list for component config API object to print
+       the default values for (valid values: KubeProxyConfiguration,
+       KubeletConfiguration)
+
+    kubeconfig
+       The kubeconfig file to use when talking to the cluster. The
+       default values in /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf
+
+    rootfs
+       The path to the real host root filesystem
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+       salt '*' kubeadm.config_print_join_defaults
+
+    '''
+    cmd = ['kubeadm', 'config', 'print', 'join-defaults']
+
+    parameters = [('component-configs', component_configs),
+                  ('kubeconfig', kubeconfig),
+                  ('rootfs', rootfs)]
+    for parameter, value in parameters:
+        if value:
+            cmd.extend(['--{}'.format(parameter), str(value)])
+
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def config_upload_from_file(config, kubeconfig=None, rootfs=None):
+    '''
+    .. versionadded:: TBD
+
+    Upload a configuration file to the in-cluster ConfigMap for
+    kubeadm configuration
+
+    config
+       Path to a kubeadm configuration file
+
+    kubeconfig
+       The kubeconfig file to use when talking to the cluster. The
+       default values in /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf
+
+    rootfs
+       The path to the real host root filesystem
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+       salt '*' kubeadm.config_upload_from_file /config.cfg
+
+    '''
+    cmd = ['kubeadm', 'config', 'upload', 'from-file', '--config', config]
+
+    parameters = [('kubeconfig', kubeconfig),
+                  ('rootfs', rootfs)]
+    for parameter, value in parameters:
+        if value:
+            cmd.extend(['--{}'.format(parameter), str(value)])
+
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def config_upload_from_flags(apiserver_advertise_address=None,
+                             apiserver_bind_port=None,
+                             apiserver_cert_extra_sans=None,
+                             cert_dir=None, cri_socket=None,
+                             feature_gates=None,
+                             kubernetes_version=None, node_name=None,
+                             pod_network_cidr=None, service_cidr=None,
+                             service_dns_domain=None, kubeconfig=None,
+                             rootfs=None):
+    '''
+    .. versionadded:: TBD
+
+    Create the in-cluster configuration file for the first time using
+    flags
+
+    apiserver_advertise_address
+       The IP address the API server will adversite it's listening on
+
+    apiserver_bind_port
+       The port the API server is accessible on (default 6443)
+
+    apiserver_cert_extra_sans
+       Optional extra Subject Alternative Names (SANs) to use for the
+       API Server serving certificate
+
+    cert_dir
+       The path where to save and store the certificates (default
+       "/etc/kubernetes/pki")
+
+    cri_socket
+       Path to the CRI socket to connect
+
+    feature_gates
+       A set of key=value pairs that describe feature gates for
+       various features
+
+    kubernetes_version
+       Choose a specifig Kubernetes version for the control plane
+       (default "stable-1")
+
+    node_name
+       Specify the node name
+
+    pod_network_cidr
+       Specify range of IP addresses for the pod network
+
+    service_cidr
+       Use alternative range of IP address dor service VIPs (default
+       "10.96.0.0/12")
+
+    service_dns_domain
+       Use alternative domain for serivces (default "cluster.local")
+
+    kubeconfig
+       The kubeconfig file to use when talking to the cluster. The
+       default values in /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf
+
+    rootfs
+       The path to the real host root filesystem
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+       salt '*' kubeadm.config_upload_from_flags
+
+    '''
+    cmd = ['kubeadm', 'config', 'upload', 'from-flags']
+
+    parameters = [('apiserver-advertise-address', apiserver_advertise_address),
+                  ('apiserver-bind-port', apiserver_bind_port),
+                  ('apiserver-cert-extra-sans', apiserver_cert_extra_sans),
+                  ('cert-dir', cert_dir),
+                  ('cri-socket', cri_socket),
+                  ('feature-gates', feature_gates),
+                  ('kubernetes-version', kubernetes_version),
+                  ('node-name', node_name),
+                  ('pod-network-cidr', pod_network_cidr),
+                  ('service-cidr', service_cidr),
+                  ('service-dns-domain', service_dns_domain),
+                  ('kubeconfig', kubeconfig),
+                  ('rootfs', rootfs)]
+    for parameter, value in parameters:
+        if value:
+            cmd.extend(['--{}'.format(parameter), str(value)])
+
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def config_view(kubeconfig=None, rootfs=None):
+    '''
+    .. versionadded:: TBD
+
+    View the kubeadm configuration stored inside the cluster
+
+    kubeconfig
+       The kubeconfig file to use when talking to the cluster. The
+       default values in /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf
+
+    rootfs
+       The path to the real host root filesystem
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+       salt '*' kubeadm.config_view
+
+    '''
+    cmd = ['kubeadm', 'config', 'view']
+
+    parameters = [('kubeconfig', kubeconfig),
+                  ('rootfs', rootfs)]
+    for parameter, value in parameters:
+        if value:
+            cmd.extend(['--{}'.format(parameter), str(value)])
+
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def init(apiserver_advertise_address=None, apiserver_bind_port=None,
+         apiserver_cert_extra_sans=None, cert_dir=None,
+         certificate_key=None, config=None, cri_socket=None,
+         experimental_upload_certs=False, feature_gates=None,
+         ignore_preflight_errors=None, image_repository=None,
+         kubernetes_version=None, node_name=None,
+         pod_network_cidr=None, service_cidr=None,
+         service_dns_domain=None, skip_certificate_key_print=False,
+         skip_phases=None, skip_token_print=False, token=None,
+         token_ttl=None, rootfs=None):
+    '''
+    .. versionadded:: TBD
+
+    Command to set up the Kubernetes control plane
+
+    apiserver_advertise_address
+       The IP address the API server will adversite it's listening on
+
+    apiserver_bind_port
+       The port the API server is accessible on (default 6443)
+
+    apiserver_cert_extra_sans
+       Optional extra Subject Alternative Names (SANs) to use for the
+       API Server serving certificate
+
+    cert_dir
+       The path where to save and store the certificates (default
+       "/etc/kubernetes/pki")
+
+    certificate_key
+       Key used to encrypt the control-plane certificates in the
+       kubeadm-certs Secret
+
+    config
+       Path to a kubeadm configuration file
+
+    cri_socket
+       Path to the CRI socket to connect
+
+    experimental_upload_certs
+       Upload control-plane certificate to the kubeadm-certs Secret
+
+    feature_gates
+       A set of key=value pairs that describe feature gates for
+       various features
+
+    ignore_preflight_errors
+       A list of checkt whose errors will be shown as warnings
+
+    image_repository
+       Choose a container registry to pull controll plane images from
+
+    kubernetes_version
+       Choose a specifig Kubernetes version for the control plane
+       (default "stable-1")
+
+    node_name
+       Specify the node name
+
+    pod_network_cidr
+       Specify range of IP addresses for the pod network
+
+    service_cidr
+       Use alternative range of IP address dor service VIPs (default
+       "10.96.0.0/12")
+
+    service_dns_domain
+       Use alternative domain for serivces (default "cluster.local")
+
+    skip_certificate_key_print
+       Don't print the key used to encrypt the control-plane
+       certificates
+
+    skip_phases
+       List of phases to be skipped
+
+    skip_token_print
+       Skip printing of the default bootstrap token generated by
+       'kubeadm init'
+
+    token
+       The token to use for establishing bidirectional trust between
+       nodes and control-plane nodes. The token must match a regular
+       expression, that by default is [a-z0-9]{6}.[a-z0-9]{16}
+
+    token_ttl
+       The duration defore the token is automatically deleted (1s, 2m,
+       3h). If set to '0' the token will never expire. Default value
+       is 24h0m0s
+
+    rootfs
+       The path to the real host root filesystem
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+       salt '*' kubeadm.init pod_network_cidr='10.244.0.0/16'
+
+    '''
+    cmd = ['kubeadm', 'init']
+
+    if experimental_upload_certs:
+        cmd.append('--experimental-upload-certs')
+    if skip_certificate_key_print:
+        cmd.append('--skip-certificate-key-print')
+    if skip_token_print:
+        cmd.append('--skip-token-print')
+
+    parameters = [('apiserver-advertise-address', apiserver_advertise_address),
+                  ('apiserver-bind-port', apiserver_bind_port),
+                  ('apiserver-cert-extra-sans', apiserver_cert_extra_sans),
+                  ('cert-dir', cert_dir),
+                  ('certificate-key', certificate_key),
+                  ('config', config),
+                  ('cri-socket', cri_socket),
+                  ('feature-gates', feature_gates),
+                  ('ignore-preflight-errors', ignore_preflight_errors),
+                  ('image-repository', image_repository),
+                  ('kubernetes-version', kubernetes_version),
+                  ('node-name', node_name),
+                  ('pod-network-cidr', pod_network_cidr),
+                  ('service-cidr', service_cidr),
+                  ('service-dns-domain', service_dns_domain),
+                  ('skip-phases', skip_phases),
+                  ('token', token),
+                  ('token-ttl', token_ttl),
+                  ('rootfs', rootfs)]
+    for parameter, value in parameters:
+        if value:
+            cmd.extend(['--{}'.format(parameter), str(value)])
+
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+# TODO(aplanas):
+#   * init_phase_addon_all
+#   * init_phase_addon_coredns
+#   * init_phase_addon_kube_proxy
+#   * init_phase_bootstrap_token
+#   * init_phase_certs_all
+#   * init_phase_certs_apiserver
+#   * init_phase_certs_apiserver_etcd_client
+#   * init_phase_certs_apiserver_kubelet_client
+#   * init_phase_certs_ca
+#   * init_phase_certs_etcd_ca
+#   * init_phase_certs_etcd_healthcheck_client
+#   * init_phase_certs_etcd_peer
+#   * init_phase_certs_etcd_server
+#   * init_phase_certs_front_proxy_ca
+#   * init_phase_certs_front_proxy_client
+#   * init_phase_certs_sa
+#   * init_phase_control_plane_all
+#   * init_phase_control_plane_apiserver
+#   * init_phase_control_plane_controller_manager
+#   * init_phase_control_plane_scheduler
+#   * init_phase_etcd_local
+#   * init_phase_kubeconfig_admin
+#   * init_phase_kubeconfig_all
+#   * init_phase_kubeconfig_controller_manager
+#   * init_phase_kubeconfig_kubelet
+#   * init_phase_kubeconfig_scheduler
+#   * init_phase_kubelet_start
+#   * init_phase_mark_control_plane
+#   * init_phase_preflight
+#   * init_phase_upload_certs
+#   * init_phase_upload_config_all
+#   * init_phase_upload_config_kuneadm
+#   * init_phase_upload_config_kubelet
+
+
+def join(api_server_endpoint=None,
+         apiserver_advertise_address=None, apiserver_bind_port=None,
+         certificate_key=None, config=None, cri_socket=None,
+         discovery_file=None, discovery_token=None,
+         discovery_token_ca_cert_hash=None,
+         discovery_token_unsafe_skip_ca_verification=False,
+         experimental_control_plane=False,
+         ignore_preflight_errors=None, node_name=None,
+         skip_phases=None, tls_bootstrap_token=None, token=None,
+         rootfs=None):
+    '''
+    .. versionadded:: TBD
+
+    Command to join to an existing cluster
+
+    api_server_endpoint
+       IP address or domain name and port of the API Server
+
+    apiserver_advertise_address
+       If the node should host a new control plane instance, the IP
+       address the API Server will adversise it's listening on
+
+    apiserver_bind_port
+       If the node shoult host a new control plane instance, the port
+       the API Server to bind to (default 6443)
+
+    certificate_key
+       Use this key to decrypt the certificate secrets uploaded by
+       init
+
+    config
+       Path to a kubeadm configuration file
+
+    cri_socket
+       Path to the CRI socket to connect
+
+    discovery_file
+       For file-based discovery, a file or URL from which to load
+       cluster information
+
+    discovery_token
+       For token-based discovery, the token used to validate cluster
+       information fetched from the API Server
+
+    discovery_token_ca_cert_hash
+       For token-based discovery, validate that the root CA public key
+       matches this hash (format: "<type>:<value>")
+
+    discovery_token_unsafe_skip_ca_verification
+       For token-based discovery, allow joining without
+       'discovery-token-ca-cert-hash' pinning
+
+    experimental_control_plane
+       Create a new control plane instance on this node
+
+    ignore_preflight_errors
+       A list of checks whose errors will be shown as warnings
+
+    node_name
+       Specify the node name
+
+    skip_phases
+       List of phases to be skipped
+
+    tls_bootstrap_token
+       Specify the token used to temporarily authenticate with the
+       Kubernetes Control Plane while joining the node
+
+    token
+       Use this token for both discovery-token and tls-bootstrap-token
+       when those values are not provided
+
+    rootfs
+       The path to the real host root filesystem
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+       salt '*' kubeadm.join 10.160.65.165:6443 token='token'
+
+    '''
+    cmd = ['kubeadm', 'join']
+
+    if api_server_endpoint:
+        cmd.append(api_server_endpoint)
+    if discovery_token_unsafe_skip_ca_verification:
+        cmd.append('--discovery-token-unsafe-skip-ca-verification')
+    if experimental_control_plane:
+        cmd.append('--experimental-control-plane')
+
+    parameters = [('apiserver-advertise-address', apiserver_advertise_address),
+                  ('apiserver-bind-port', apiserver_bind_port),
+                  ('certificate-key', certificate_key),
+                  ('config', config),
+                  ('cri-socket', cri_socket),
+                  ('discovery-file', discovery_file),
+                  ('discovery-token', discovery_token),
+                  ('discovery-token-ca-cert-hash',
+                   discovery_token_ca_cert_hash),
+                  ('ignore-preflight-errors', ignore_preflight_errors),
+                  ('node-name', node_name),
+                  ('skip-phases', skip_phases),
+                  ('tls-bootstrap-token', tls_bootstrap_token),
+                  ('token', token),
+                  ('rootfs', rootfs)]
+    for parameter, value in parameters:
+        if value:
+            cmd.extend(['--{}'.format(parameter), str(value)])
+
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+# TODO(aplanas):
+#   * join_phase_control_plane_join_all
+#   * join_phase_control_plane_join_etcd
+#   * join_phase_control_plane_join_mark_control_plane
+#   * join_phase_control_plane_join_update_status
+#   * join_phase_control_plane_prepare_all
+#   * join_phase_control_plane_prepare_certs
+#   * join_phase_control_plane_prepare_control_plane
+#   * join_phase_control_plane_prepare_download_certs
+#   * join_phase_control_plane_prepare_kubeconfig
+#   * join_phase_kubelet_start
+#   * join_phase_preflight
+
+
+def reset(cert_dir=None, cri_socket=None,
+          ignore_preflight_errors=None, kubeconfig=None, rootfs=None):
+    '''
+    .. versionadded:: TBD
+
+    Revert any changes made to this host by 'kubeadm init' or 'kubeadm
+    join'
+
+    cert_dir
+       The path to the directory where the certificates are stored
+       (default "/etc/kubernetes/pki")
+
+    cri_socket
+       Path to the CRI socket to connect
+
+    ignore_preflight_errors
+       A list of checks whose errors will be shown as warnings
+
+    kubeconfig
+       The kubeconfig file to use when talking to the cluster. The
+       default values in /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf
+
+    rootfs
+       The path to the real host root filesystem
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+       salt '*' kubeadm.join 10.160.65.165:6443 token='token'
+
+    '''
+    cmd = ['kubeadm', 'reset', '--force']
+
+    parameters = [('cert-dir', cert_dir),
+                  ('cri-socket', cri_socket),
+                  ('ignore-preflight-errors', ignore_preflight_errors),
+                  ('kubeconfig', kubeconfig),
+                  ('rootfs', rootfs)]
+    for parameter, value in parameters:
+        if value:
+            cmd.extend(['--{}'.format(parameter), str(value)])
+
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+# TODO(aplanas):
+#   *  upgrade_apply
+#   *  upgrade_diff
+#   *  upgrade_node
+#   *  upgrade_plan
diff --git a/salt/modules/mac_brew_pkg.py b/salt/modules/mac_brew_pkg.py
index 5484955edc..ee13fc2102 100644
--- a/salt/modules/mac_brew_pkg.py
+++ b/salt/modules/mac_brew_pkg.py
@@ -290,7 +290,7 @@ def remove(name=None, pkgs=None, **kwargs):
     return ret
 
 
-def refresh_db():
+def refresh_db(**kwargs):
     '''
     Update the homebrew package repository.
 
@@ -474,7 +474,7 @@ def list_upgrades(refresh=True, **kwargs):  # pylint: disable=W0613
     return ret
 
 
-def upgrade_available(pkg):
+def upgrade_available(pkg, **kwargs):
     '''
     Check whether or not an upgrade is available for a given package
 
@@ -487,7 +487,7 @@ def upgrade_available(pkg):
     return pkg in list_upgrades()
 
 
-def upgrade(refresh=True):
+def upgrade(refresh=True, **kwargs):
     '''
     Upgrade outdated, unpinned brews.
 
@@ -532,7 +532,7 @@ def upgrade(refresh=True):
     return ret
 
 
-def info_installed(*names):
+def info_installed(*names, **kwargs):
     '''
     Return the information of the named package(s) installed on the system.
 
diff --git a/salt/modules/mac_portspkg.py b/salt/modules/mac_portspkg.py
index 78a38d54a9..d403d0e29b 100644
--- a/salt/modules/mac_portspkg.py
+++ b/salt/modules/mac_portspkg.py
@@ -376,7 +376,7 @@ def list_upgrades(refresh=True, **kwargs):  # pylint: disable=W0613
     return _list('outdated')
 
 
-def upgrade_available(pkg, refresh=True):
+def upgrade_available(pkg, refresh=True, **kwargs):
     '''
     Check whether or not an upgrade is available for a given package
 
@@ -389,7 +389,7 @@ def upgrade_available(pkg, refresh=True):
     return pkg in list_upgrades(refresh=refresh)
 
 
-def refresh_db():
+def refresh_db(**kwargs):
     '''
     Update ports with ``port selfupdate``
 
@@ -405,7 +405,7 @@ def refresh_db():
     return salt.utils.mac_utils.execute_return_success(cmd)
 
 
-def upgrade(refresh=True):  # pylint: disable=W0613
+def upgrade(refresh=True, **kwargs):  # pylint: disable=W0613
     '''
     Run a full upgrade using MacPorts 'port upgrade outdated'
 
diff --git a/salt/modules/openbsdpkg.py b/salt/modules/openbsdpkg.py
index b3b6bab912..819a24afb1 100644
--- a/salt/modules/openbsdpkg.py
+++ b/salt/modules/openbsdpkg.py
@@ -344,7 +344,7 @@ def purge(name=None, pkgs=None, **kwargs):
     return remove(name=name, pkgs=pkgs, purge=True)
 
 
-def upgrade_available(name):
+def upgrade_available(name, **kwargs):
     '''
     Check whether or not an upgrade is available for a given package
 
diff --git a/salt/modules/pacmanpkg.py b/salt/modules/pacmanpkg.py
index e30296e8c8..35007e27f5 100644
--- a/salt/modules/pacmanpkg.py
+++ b/salt/modules/pacmanpkg.py
@@ -111,7 +111,7 @@ def latest_version(*names, **kwargs):
 available_version = salt.utils.functools.alias_function(latest_version, 'available_version')
 
 
-def upgrade_available(name):
+def upgrade_available(name, **kwargs):
     '''
     Check whether or not an upgrade is available for a given package
 
@@ -393,7 +393,7 @@ def group_diff(name):
     return ret
 
 
-def refresh_db(root=None):
+def refresh_db(root=None, **kwargs):
     '''
     Just run a ``pacman -Sy``, return a dict::
 
@@ -843,7 +843,7 @@ def purge(name=None, pkgs=None, **kwargs):
     return _uninstall(action='purge', name=name, pkgs=pkgs)
 
 
-def file_list(*packages):
+def file_list(*packages, **kwargs):
     '''
     List the files that belong to a package. Not specifying any packages will
     return a list of _every_ file on the system's package database (not
@@ -877,7 +877,7 @@ def file_list(*packages):
     return {'errors': errors, 'files': ret}
 
 
-def file_dict(*packages):
+def file_dict(*packages, **kwargs):
     '''
     List the files that belong to a package, grouped by package. Not
     specifying any packages will return a list of _every_ file on the system's
@@ -913,7 +913,7 @@ def file_dict(*packages):
     return {'errors': errors, 'packages': ret}
 
 
-def owner(*paths):
+def owner(*paths, **kwargs):
     '''
     .. versionadded:: 2014.7.0
 
diff --git a/salt/modules/pkgin.py b/salt/modules/pkgin.py
index 240f79ca26..dd5257c80d 100644
--- a/salt/modules/pkgin.py
+++ b/salt/modules/pkgin.py
@@ -112,7 +112,7 @@ def _splitpkg(name):
         return name.split(';', 1)[0].rsplit('-', 1)
 
 
-def search(pkg_name):
+def search(pkg_name, **kwargs):
     '''
     Searches for an exact match using pkgin ^package$
 
@@ -225,7 +225,7 @@ def version(*names, **kwargs):
     return __salt__['pkg_resource.version'](*names, **kwargs)
 
 
-def refresh_db(force=False):
+def refresh_db(force=False, **kwargs):
     '''
     Use pkg update to get latest pkg_summary
 
@@ -637,7 +637,7 @@ def _rehash():
         __salt__['cmd.run']('rehash', output_loglevel='trace')
 
 
-def file_list(package):
+def file_list(package, **kwargs):
     '''
     List the files that belong to a package.
 
@@ -655,7 +655,7 @@ def file_list(package):
     return ret
 
 
-def file_dict(*packages):
+def file_dict(*packages, **kwargs):
     '''
     .. versionchanged: 2016.3.0
 
diff --git a/salt/modules/pkgng.py b/salt/modules/pkgng.py
index 4a908084ea..7435628112 100644
--- a/salt/modules/pkgng.py
+++ b/salt/modules/pkgng.py
@@ -224,7 +224,7 @@ def version(*names, **kwargs):
 info = salt.utils.functools.alias_function(version, 'info')
 
 
-def refresh_db(jail=None, chroot=None, root=None, force=False):
+def refresh_db(jail=None, chroot=None, root=None, force=False, **kwargs):
     '''
     Refresh PACKAGESITE contents
 
@@ -2441,7 +2441,7 @@ def _parse_upgrade(stdout):
     return result
 
 
-def version_cmp(pkg1, pkg2, ignore_epoch=False):
+def version_cmp(pkg1, pkg2, ignore_epoch=False, **kwargs):
     '''
     Do a cmp-style comparison on two packages. Return -1 if pkg1 < pkg2, 0 if
     pkg1 == pkg2, and 1 if pkg1 > pkg2. Return None if there was a problem
diff --git a/salt/modules/rpm_lowpkg.py b/salt/modules/rpm_lowpkg.py
index 439404ae90..c8a87276b2 100644
--- a/salt/modules/rpm_lowpkg.py
+++ b/salt/modules/rpm_lowpkg.py
@@ -76,7 +76,7 @@ def bin_pkg_info(path, saltenv='base'):
         minion so that it can be examined.
 
     saltenv : base
-        Salt fileserver envrionment from which to retrieve the package. Ignored
+        Salt fileserver environment from which to retrieve the package. Ignored
         if ``path`` is a local file path on the minion.
 
     CLI Example:
@@ -128,12 +128,15 @@ def bin_pkg_info(path, saltenv='base'):
     return ret
 
 
-def list_pkgs(*packages):
+def list_pkgs(*packages, **kwargs):
     '''
     List the packages currently installed in a dict::
 
         {'<package_name>': '<version>'}
 
+    root
+        use root as top level directory (default: "/")
+
     CLI Example:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -141,8 +144,11 @@ def list_pkgs(*packages):
         salt '*' lowpkg.list_pkgs
     '''
     pkgs = {}
-    cmd = ['rpm', '-q' if packages else '-qa',
-           '--queryformat', r'%{NAME} %{VERSION}\n']
+    cmd = ['rpm']
+    if kwargs.get('root'):
+        cmd.extend(['--root', kwargs['root']])
+    cmd.extend(['-q' if packages else '-qa',
+                '--queryformat', r'%{NAME} %{VERSION}\n'])
     if packages:
         cmd.extend(packages)
     out = __salt__['cmd.run'](cmd, output_loglevel='trace', python_shell=False)
@@ -158,6 +164,9 @@ def verify(*packages, **kwargs):
     '''
     Runs an rpm -Va on a system, and returns the results in a dict
 
+    root
+        use root as top level directory (default: "/")
+
     Files with an attribute of config, doc, ghost, license or readme in the
     package header can be ignored using the ``ignore_types`` keyword argument
 
@@ -199,6 +208,8 @@ def verify(*packages, **kwargs):
             verify_options = [x.strip() for x in six.text_type(verify_options).split(',')]
 
     cmd = ['rpm']
+    if kwargs.get('root'):
+        cmd.extend(['--root', kwargs['root']])
     cmd.extend(['--' + x for x in verify_options])
     if packages:
         cmd.append('-V')
@@ -258,6 +269,9 @@ def modified(*packages, **flags):
 
     .. versionadded:: 2015.5.0
 
+    root
+        use root as top level directory (default: "/")
+
     CLI examples:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -266,10 +280,12 @@ def modified(*packages, **flags):
         salt '*' lowpkg.modified httpd postfix
         salt '*' lowpkg.modified
     '''
-    ret = __salt__['cmd.run_all'](
-        ['rpm', '-Va'] + list(packages),
-        output_loglevel='trace',
-        python_shell=False)
+    cmd = ['rpm']
+    if flags.get('root'):
+        cmd.extend(['--root', flags.pop('root')])
+    cmd.append('-Va')
+    cmd.extend(packages)
+    ret = __salt__['cmd.run_all'](cmd, output_loglevel='trace', python_shell=False)
 
     data = {}
 
@@ -324,12 +340,15 @@ def modified(*packages, **flags):
     return filtered_data
 
 
-def file_list(*packages):
+def file_list(*packages, **kwargs):
     '''
     List the files that belong to a package. Not specifying any packages will
     return a list of _every_ file on the system's rpm database (not generally
     recommended).
 
+    root
+        use root as top level directory (default: "/")
+
     CLI Examples:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -338,12 +357,15 @@ def file_list(*packages):
         salt '*' lowpkg.file_list httpd postfix
         salt '*' lowpkg.file_list
     '''
-    if not packages:
-        cmd = ['rpm', '-qla']
-    else:
-        cmd = ['rpm', '-ql']
+    cmd = ['rpm']
+    if kwargs.get('root'):
+        cmd.extend(['--root', kwargs['root']])
+
+    cmd.append('-ql' if packages else '-qla')
+    if packages:
         # Can't concatenate a tuple, must do a list.extend()
         cmd.extend(packages)
+
     ret = __salt__['cmd.run'](
         cmd,
         output_loglevel='trace',
@@ -351,12 +373,15 @@ def file_list(*packages):
     return {'errors': [], 'files': ret}
 
 
-def file_dict(*packages):
+def file_dict(*packages, **kwargs):
     '''
     List the files that belong to a package, sorted by group. Not specifying
     any packages will return a list of _every_ file on the system's rpm
     database (not generally recommended).
 
+    root
+        use root as top level directory (default: "/")
+
     CLI Examples:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -368,8 +393,11 @@ def file_dict(*packages):
     errors = []
     ret = {}
     pkgs = {}
-    cmd = ['rpm', '-q' if packages else '-qa',
-           '--queryformat', r'%{NAME} %{VERSION}\n']
+    cmd = ['rpm']
+    if kwargs.get('root'):
+        cmd.extend(['--root', kwargs['root']])
+    cmd.extend(['-q' if packages else '-qa',
+                '--queryformat', r'%{NAME} %{VERSION}\n'])
     if packages:
         cmd.extend(packages)
     out = __salt__['cmd.run'](cmd, output_loglevel='trace', python_shell=False)
@@ -380,8 +408,10 @@ def file_dict(*packages):
         comps = line.split()
         pkgs[comps[0]] = {'version': comps[1]}
     for pkg in pkgs:
-        files = []
-        cmd = ['rpm', '-ql', pkg]
+        cmd = ['rpm']
+        if kwargs.get('root'):
+            cmd.extend(['--root', kwargs['root']])
+        cmd.extend(['-ql', pkg])
         out = __salt__['cmd.run'](
             ['rpm', '-ql', pkg],
             output_loglevel='trace',
@@ -390,7 +420,7 @@ def file_dict(*packages):
     return {'errors': errors, 'packages': ret}
 
 
-def owner(*paths):
+def owner(*paths, **kwargs):
     '''
     Return the name of the package that owns the file. Multiple file paths can
     be passed. If a single path is passed, a string will be returned,
@@ -400,6 +430,9 @@ def owner(*paths):
     If the file is not owned by a package, or is not present on the minion,
     then an empty string will be returned for that path.
 
+    root
+        use root as top level directory (default: "/")
+
     CLI Examples:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -411,7 +444,10 @@ def owner(*paths):
         return ''
     ret = {}
     for path in paths:
-        cmd = ['rpm', '-qf', '--queryformat', '%{name}', path]
+        cmd = ['rpm']
+        if kwargs.get('root'):
+            cmd.extend(['--root', kwargs['root']])
+        cmd.extend(['-qf', '--queryformat', '%{name}', path])
         ret[path] = __salt__['cmd.run_stdout'](cmd,
                                                output_loglevel='trace',
                                                python_shell=False)
@@ -471,6 +507,9 @@ def info(*packages, **kwargs):
     :param all_versions:
         Return information for all installed versions of the packages
 
+    :param root:
+        use root as top level directory (default: "/")
+
     :return:
 
     CLI example:
@@ -493,7 +532,14 @@ def info(*packages, **kwargs):
     else:
         size_tag = '%{SIZE}'
 
-    cmd = packages and "rpm -q {0}".format(' '.join(packages)) or "rpm -qa"
+    cmd = ['rpm']
+    if kwargs.get('root'):
+        cmd.extend(['--root', kwargs['root']])
+    if packages:
+        cmd.append('-q')
+        cmd.extend(packages)
+    else:
+        cmd.append('-qa')
 
     # Construct query format
     attr_map = {
@@ -544,6 +590,7 @@ def info(*packages, **kwargs):
         query.append(attr_map['description'])
     query.append("-----\\n")
 
+    cmd = ' '.join(cmd)
     call = __salt__['cmd.run_all'](cmd + (" --queryformat '{0}'".format(''.join(query))),
                                    output_loglevel='trace', env={'TZ': 'UTC'}, clean_env=True)
     if call['retcode'] != 0:
@@ -744,10 +791,13 @@ def version_cmp(ver1, ver2, ignore_epoch=False):
     return salt.utils.versions.version_cmp(ver1, ver2, ignore_epoch=False)
 
 
-def checksum(*paths):
+def checksum(*paths, **kwargs):
     '''
     Return if the signature of a RPM file is valid.
 
+    root
+        use root as top level directory (default: "/")
+
     CLI Example:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -760,9 +810,14 @@ def checksum(*paths):
     if not paths:
         raise CommandExecutionError("No package files has been specified.")
 
+    cmd = ['rpm']
+    if kwargs.get('root'):
+        cmd.extend(['--root', kwargs['root']])
+    cmd.extend(['-K', '--quiet'])
     for package_file in paths:
+        cmd_ = cmd + [package_file]
         ret[package_file] = (bool(__salt__['file.file_exists'](package_file)) and
-                            not __salt__['cmd.retcode'](["rpm", "-K", "--quiet", package_file],
+                            not __salt__['cmd.retcode'](cmd_,
                                                         ignore_retcode=True,
                                                         output_loglevel='trace',
                                                         python_shell=False))
diff --git a/salt/modules/solarisipspkg.py b/salt/modules/solarisipspkg.py
index 3da1dbe5a2..43fd213726 100644
--- a/salt/modules/solarisipspkg.py
+++ b/salt/modules/solarisipspkg.py
@@ -105,7 +105,7 @@ def _ips_get_pkgversion(line):
     return line.split()[0].split('@')[1].strip()
 
 
-def refresh_db(full=False):
+def refresh_db(full=False, **kwargs):
     '''
     Updates the remote repos database.
 
@@ -129,7 +129,7 @@ def refresh_db(full=False):
         return __salt__['cmd.retcode']('/bin/pkg refresh') == 0
 
 
-def upgrade_available(name):
+def upgrade_available(name, **kwargs):
     '''
     Check if there is an upgrade available for a certain package
     Accepts full or partial FMRI. Returns all matches found.
diff --git a/salt/modules/solarispkg.py b/salt/modules/solarispkg.py
index 2a828f6e9c..b28349a7d8 100644
--- a/salt/modules/solarispkg.py
+++ b/salt/modules/solarispkg.py
@@ -169,7 +169,7 @@ def latest_version(*names, **kwargs):
 available_version = salt.utils.functools.alias_function(latest_version, 'available_version')
 
 
-def upgrade_available(name):
+def upgrade_available(name, **kwargs):
     '''
     Check whether or not an upgrade is available for a given package
 
diff --git a/salt/modules/systemd_service.py b/salt/modules/systemd_service.py
index 743758bf9c..e39962f9ac 100644
--- a/salt/modules/systemd_service.py
+++ b/salt/modules/systemd_service.py
@@ -1364,3 +1364,58 @@ def execs(root=None):
             continue
         ret[service] = data['ExecStart']['path']
     return ret
+
+
+def firstboot(locale=None, locale_message=None, keymap=None,
+              timezone=None, hostname=None, machine_id=None,
+              root=None):
+    '''
+    .. versionadded:: TBD
+
+    Call systemd-firstboot to configure basic settings of the system
+
+    locale
+        Set primary locale (LANG=)
+
+    locale_message
+        Set message locale (LC_MESSAGES=)
+
+    keymap
+        Set keymap
+
+    timezone
+        Set timezone
+
+    hostname
+        Set host name
+
+    machine_id
+        Set machine ID
+
+    root
+        Operate on an alternative filesystem root
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+        salt '*' service.firstboot keymap=jp locale=en_US.UTF-8
+
+    '''
+    cmd = ['systemd-firstboot']
+    parameters = [('locale', locale),
+                  ('locale-message', locale_message),
+                  ('keymap', keymap),
+                  ('timezone', timezone),
+                  ('hostname', hostname),
+                  ('machine-ID', machine_id),
+                  ('root', root)]
+    for parameter, value in parameters:
+        if value:
+            cmd.extend(['--{}'.format(parameter), str(value)])
+
+    out = __salt__['cmd.run_all'](cmd)
+
+    if out['retcode'] != 0:
+        raise CommandExecutionError(
+            'systemd-firstboot error: {}'.format(out['stderr']))
+
+    return True
diff --git a/salt/modules/xbpspkg.py b/salt/modules/xbpspkg.py
index e493f8c80f..b5d7d8a477 100644
--- a/salt/modules/xbpspkg.py
+++ b/salt/modules/xbpspkg.py
@@ -121,7 +121,7 @@ def list_pkgs(versions_as_list=False, **kwargs):
     return ret
 
 
-def list_upgrades(refresh=True):
+def list_upgrades(refresh=True, **kwargs):
     '''
     Check whether or not an upgrade is available for all packages
 
@@ -247,7 +247,7 @@ def latest_version(*names, **kwargs):
 available_version = latest_version
 
 
-def upgrade_available(name):
+def upgrade_available(name, **kwargs):
     '''
     Check whether or not an upgrade is available for a given package
 
@@ -260,7 +260,7 @@ def upgrade_available(name):
     return latest_version(name) != ''
 
 
-def refresh_db():
+def refresh_db(**kwargs):
     '''
     Update list of available packages from installed repos
 
@@ -300,7 +300,7 @@ def version(*names, **kwargs):
     return __salt__['pkg_resource.version'](*names, **kwargs)
 
 
-def upgrade(refresh=True):
+def upgrade(refresh=True, **kwargs):
     '''
     Run a full system upgrade
 
@@ -484,7 +484,7 @@ def remove(name=None, pkgs=None, recursive=True, **kwargs):
     return salt.utils.data.compare_dicts(old, new)
 
 
-def list_repos():
+def list_repos(**kwargs):
     '''
     List all repos known by XBPS
 
@@ -607,7 +607,7 @@ def add_repo(repo, conffile='/usr/share/xbps.d/15-saltstack.conf'):
     return True
 
 
-def del_repo(repo):
+def del_repo(repo, **kwargs):
     '''
     Remove an XBPS repository from the system.
 
diff --git a/salt/modules/yumpkg.py b/salt/modules/yumpkg.py
index 3ddf989511..88d74020b3 100644
--- a/salt/modules/yumpkg.py
+++ b/salt/modules/yumpkg.py
@@ -619,7 +619,7 @@ def version(*names, **kwargs):
     return __salt__['pkg_resource.version'](*names, **kwargs)
 
 
-def version_cmp(pkg1, pkg2, ignore_epoch=False):
+def version_cmp(pkg1, pkg2, ignore_epoch=False, **kwargs):
     '''
     .. versionadded:: 2015.5.4
 
@@ -1012,7 +1012,7 @@ def list_upgrades(refresh=True, **kwargs):
 list_updates = salt.utils.functools.alias_function(list_upgrades, 'list_updates')
 
 
-def list_downloaded():
+def list_downloaded(**kwargs):
     '''
     .. versionadded:: 2017.7.0
 
@@ -1948,13 +1948,13 @@ def upgrade(name=None,
 
 
 def update(name=None,
-            pkgs=None,
-            refresh=True,
-            skip_verify=False,
-            normalize=True,
-            minimal=False,
-            obsoletes=False,
-            **kwargs):
+           pkgs=None,
+           refresh=True,
+           skip_verify=False,
+           normalize=True,
+           minimal=False,
+           obsoletes=False,
+           **kwargs):
     '''
     .. versionadded:: 2019.2.0
 
@@ -2647,7 +2647,7 @@ def group_install(name,
 groupinstall = salt.utils.functools.alias_function(group_install, 'groupinstall')
 
 
-def list_repos(basedir=None):
+def list_repos(basedir=None, **kwargs):
     '''
     Lists all repos in <basedir> (default: all dirs in `reposdir` yum option).
 
@@ -2969,7 +2969,7 @@ def _parse_repo_file(filename):
     return (headers, salt.utils.data.decode(config))
 
 
-def file_list(*packages):
+def file_list(*packages, **kwargs):
     '''
     .. versionadded:: 2014.1.0
 
@@ -2988,7 +2988,7 @@ def file_list(*packages):
     return __salt__['lowpkg.file_list'](*packages)
 
 
-def file_dict(*packages):
+def file_dict(*packages, **kwargs):
     '''
     .. versionadded:: 2014.1.0
 
@@ -3007,7 +3007,7 @@ def file_dict(*packages):
     return __salt__['lowpkg.file_dict'](*packages)
 
 
-def owner(*paths):
+def owner(*paths, **kwargs):
     '''
     .. versionadded:: 2014.7.0
 
@@ -3095,7 +3095,7 @@ def modified(*packages, **flags):
 
 
 @salt.utils.decorators.path.which('yumdownloader')
-def download(*packages):
+def download(*packages, **kwargs):
     '''
     .. versionadded:: 2015.5.0
 
@@ -3168,7 +3168,7 @@ def download(*packages):
     return ret
 
 
-def diff(*paths):
+def diff(*paths, **kwargs):
     '''
     Return a formatted diff between current files and original in a package.
     NOTE: this function includes all files (configuration and not), but does
@@ -3239,7 +3239,7 @@ def _get_patches(installed_only=False):
     return patches
 
 
-def list_patches(refresh=False):
+def list_patches(refresh=False, **kwargs):
     '''
     .. versionadded:: 2017.7.0
 
@@ -3262,7 +3262,7 @@ def list_patches(refresh=False):
     return _get_patches()
 
 
-def list_installed_patches():
+def list_installed_patches(**kwargs):
     '''
     .. versionadded:: 2017.7.0
 
diff --git a/salt/modules/zypperpkg.py b/salt/modules/zypperpkg.py
index 37428cf67c..582caffb59 100644
--- a/salt/modules/zypperpkg.py
+++ b/salt/modules/zypperpkg.py
@@ -99,6 +99,7 @@ class _Zypper(object):
 
     LOCK_EXIT_CODE = 7
     XML_DIRECTIVES = ['-x', '--xmlout']
+    # ZYPPER_LOCK is not affected by --root
     ZYPPER_LOCK = '/var/run/zypp.pid'
     TAG_RELEASED = 'zypper/released'
     TAG_BLOCKED = 'zypper/blocked'
@@ -107,7 +108,6 @@ class _Zypper(object):
         '''
         Constructor
         '''
-        self.__called = False
         self._reset()
 
     def _reset(self):
@@ -129,6 +129,10 @@ class _Zypper(object):
         self.__refresh = False
         self.__ignore_repo_failure = False
         self.__systemd_scope = False
+        self.__root = None
+
+        # Call status
+        self.__called = False
 
     def __call__(self, *args, **kwargs):
         '''
@@ -136,11 +140,17 @@ class _Zypper(object):
         :param kwargs:
         :return:
         '''
+        # Reset after the call
+        if self.__called:
+            self._reset()
+
         # Ignore exit code for 106 (repo is not available)
         if 'no_repo_failure' in kwargs:
             self.__ignore_repo_failure = kwargs['no_repo_failure']
         if 'systemd_scope' in kwargs:
             self.__systemd_scope = kwargs['systemd_scope']
+        if 'root' in kwargs:
+            self.__root = kwargs['root']
         return self
 
     def __getattr__(self, item):
@@ -153,7 +163,6 @@ class _Zypper(object):
         # Reset after the call
         if self.__called:
             self._reset()
-            self.__called = False
 
         if item == 'xml':
             self.__xml = True
@@ -284,6 +293,8 @@ class _Zypper(object):
             self.__cmd.append('--xmlout')
         if not self.__refresh and '--no-refresh' not in args:
             self.__cmd.append('--no-refresh')
+        if self.__root:
+            self.__cmd.extend(['--root', self.__root])
 
         self.__cmd.extend(args)
         kwargs['output_loglevel'] = 'trace'
@@ -442,7 +453,7 @@ def _clean_cache():
         __context__.pop(cache_name, None)
 
 
-def list_upgrades(refresh=True, **kwargs):
+def list_upgrades(refresh=True, root=None, **kwargs):
     '''
     List all available package upgrades on this system
 
@@ -451,6 +462,9 @@ def list_upgrades(refresh=True, **kwargs):
         If set to False it depends on zypper if a refresh is
         executed.
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     CLI Example:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -458,7 +472,7 @@ def list_upgrades(refresh=True, **kwargs):
         salt '*' pkg.list_upgrades
     '''
     if refresh:
-        refresh_db()
+        refresh_db(root)
 
     ret = dict()
     cmd = ['list-updates']
@@ -506,6 +520,9 @@ def info_installed(*names, **kwargs):
     :param all_versions:
         Include information for all versions of the packages installed on the minion.
 
+    :param root:
+        Operate on a different root directory.
+
     CLI example:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -546,6 +563,9 @@ def info_available(*names, **kwargs):
         If set to False it depends on zypper if a refresh is
         executed or not.
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     CLI example:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -560,9 +580,11 @@ def info_available(*names, **kwargs):
     else:
         names = sorted(list(set(names)))
 
+    root = kwargs.get('root', None)
+
     # Refresh db before extracting the latest package
     if kwargs.get('refresh', True):
-        refresh_db()
+        refresh_db(root)
 
     pkg_info = []
     batch = names[:]
@@ -571,7 +593,8 @@ def info_available(*names, **kwargs):
     # Run in batches
     while batch:
         pkg_info.extend(re.split(r"Information for package*",
-                                 __zypper__.nolock.call('info', '-t', 'package', *batch[:batch_size])))
+                                 __zypper__(root=root).nolock.call('info', '-t', 'package',
+                                                                   *batch[:batch_size])))
         batch = batch[batch_size:]
 
     for pkg_data in pkg_info:
@@ -631,6 +654,9 @@ def latest_version(*names, **kwargs):
         If set to False it depends on zypper if a refresh is
         executed or not.
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     CLI example:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -673,6 +699,9 @@ def upgrade_available(name, **kwargs):
         If set to False it depends on zypper if a refresh is
         executed or not.
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     CLI Example:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -689,6 +718,9 @@ def version(*names, **kwargs):
     installed. If more than one package name is specified, a dict of
     name/version pairs is returned.
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     CLI Example:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -699,7 +731,7 @@ def version(*names, **kwargs):
     return __salt__['pkg_resource.version'](*names, **kwargs) or {}
 
 
-def version_cmp(ver1, ver2, ignore_epoch=False):
+def version_cmp(ver1, ver2, ignore_epoch=False, **kwargs):
     '''
     .. versionadded:: 2015.5.4
 
@@ -721,7 +753,7 @@ def version_cmp(ver1, ver2, ignore_epoch=False):
     return __salt__['lowpkg.version_cmp'](ver1, ver2, ignore_epoch=ignore_epoch)
 
 
-def list_pkgs(versions_as_list=False, **kwargs):
+def list_pkgs(versions_as_list=False, root=None, includes=None, **kwargs):
     '''
     List the packages currently installed as a dict. By default, the dict
     contains versions as a comma separated string::
@@ -733,6 +765,13 @@ def list_pkgs(versions_as_list=False, **kwargs):
 
         {'<package_name>': ['<version>', '<version>']}
 
+    root:
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
+    includes:
+        List of types of packages to include (package, patch, pattern, product)
+        By default packages are always included
+
     attr:
         If a list of package attributes is specified, returned value will
         contain them in addition to version, eg.::
@@ -770,12 +809,18 @@ def list_pkgs(versions_as_list=False, **kwargs):
     if attr is not None:
         attr = salt.utils.args.split_input(attr)
 
+    includes = includes if includes else []
+
     contextkey = 'pkg.list_pkgs'
 
+    # TODO(aplanas): this cached value depends on the parameters
     if contextkey not in __context__:
         ret = {}
-        cmd = ['rpm', '-qa', '--queryformat',
-               salt.utils.pkg.rpm.QUERYFORMAT.replace('%{REPOID}', '(none)') + '\n']
+        cmd = ['rpm']
+        if root:
+            cmd.extend(['--root', root])
+        cmd.extend(['-qa', '--queryformat',
+                    salt.utils.pkg.rpm.QUERYFORMAT.replace('%{REPOID}', '(none)') + '\n'])
         output = __salt__['cmd.run'](cmd,
                                      python_shell=False,
                                      output_loglevel='trace')
@@ -810,6 +855,28 @@ def list_pkgs(versions_as_list=False, **kwargs):
                 continue
             _ret[pkgname] = sorted(ret[pkgname], key=lambda d: d['version'])
 
+        for include in includes:
+            if include in ('pattern', 'patch'):
+                if include == 'pattern':
+                    pkgs = list_installed_patterns(root=root)
+                elif include == 'patch':
+                    pkgs = list_installed_patches(root=root)
+                else:
+                    pkgs = []
+                for pkg in pkgs:
+                    pkg_extended_name = '{}:{}'.format(include, pkg)
+                    info = info_available(pkg_extended_name,
+                                          refresh=False,
+                                          root=root)
+                    _ret[pkg_extended_name] = [{
+                        'epoch': None,
+                        'version': info[pkg]['version'],
+                        'release': None,
+                        'arch': info[pkg]['arch'],
+                        'install_date': None,
+                        'install_date_time_t': None,
+                    }]
+
         __context__[contextkey] = _ret
 
     return __salt__['pkg_resource.format_pkg_list'](
@@ -861,6 +928,9 @@ def list_repo_pkgs(*args, **kwargs):
         When ``True``, the return data for each package will be organized by
         repository.
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     CLI Examples:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -893,7 +963,8 @@ def list_repo_pkgs(*args, **kwargs):
                 return True
         return False
 
-    for node in __zypper__.xml.call('se', '-s', *targets).getElementsByTagName('solvable'):
+    root = kwargs.get('root') or None
+    for node in __zypper__(root=root).xml.call('se', '-s', *targets).getElementsByTagName('solvable'):
         pkginfo = dict(node.attributes.items())
         try:
             if pkginfo['kind'] != 'package':
@@ -935,23 +1006,27 @@ def list_repo_pkgs(*args, **kwargs):
         return byrepo_ret
 
 
-def _get_configured_repos():
+def _get_configured_repos(root=None):
     '''
     Get all the info about repositories from the configurations.
     '''
 
+    repos = os.path.join(root, os.path.relpath(REPOS, os.path.sep)) if root else REPOS
     repos_cfg = configparser.ConfigParser()
-    repos_cfg.read([REPOS + '/' + fname for fname in os.listdir(REPOS) if fname.endswith(".repo")])
+    if os.path.exists(repos):
+        repos_cfg.read([repos + '/' + fname for fname in os.listdir(repos) if fname.endswith(".repo")])
+    else:
+        log.warning('Repositories not found in {}'.format(repos))
 
     return repos_cfg
 
 
-def _get_repo_info(alias, repos_cfg=None):
+def _get_repo_info(alias, repos_cfg=None, root=None):
     '''
     Get one repo meta-data.
     '''
     try:
-        meta = dict((repos_cfg or _get_configured_repos()).items(alias))
+        meta = dict((repos_cfg or _get_configured_repos(root=root)).items(alias))
         meta['alias'] = alias
         for key, val in six.iteritems(meta):
             if val in ['0', '1']:
@@ -963,51 +1038,60 @@ def _get_repo_info(alias, repos_cfg=None):
         return {}
 
 
-def get_repo(repo, **kwargs):  # pylint: disable=unused-argument
+def get_repo(repo, root=None, **kwargs):  # pylint: disable=unused-argument
     '''
     Display a repo.
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     CLI Example:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
 
         salt '*' pkg.get_repo alias
     '''
-    return _get_repo_info(repo)
+    return _get_repo_info(repo, root=root)
 
 
-def list_repos():
+def list_repos(root=None, **kwargs):
     '''
     Lists all repos.
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     CLI Example:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
 
        salt '*' pkg.list_repos
     '''
-    repos_cfg = _get_configured_repos()
+    repos_cfg = _get_configured_repos(root=root)
     all_repos = {}
     for alias in repos_cfg.sections():
-        all_repos[alias] = _get_repo_info(alias, repos_cfg=repos_cfg)
+        all_repos[alias] = _get_repo_info(alias, repos_cfg=repos_cfg, root=root)
 
     return all_repos
 
 
-def del_repo(repo):
+def del_repo(repo, root=None):
     '''
     Delete a repo.
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     CLI Examples:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
 
         salt '*' pkg.del_repo alias
     '''
-    repos_cfg = _get_configured_repos()
+    repos_cfg = _get_configured_repos(root=root)
     for alias in repos_cfg.sections():
         if alias == repo:
-            doc = __zypper__.xml.call('rr', '--loose-auth', '--loose-query', alias)
+            doc = __zypper__(root=root).xml.call('rr', '--loose-auth', '--loose-query', alias)
             msg = doc.getElementsByTagName('message')
             if doc.getElementsByTagName('progress') and msg:
                 return {
@@ -1046,6 +1130,9 @@ def mod_repo(repo, **kwargs):
         If set to True, automatically trust and import public GPG key for
         the repository.
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     Key/Value pairs may also be removed from a repo's configuration by setting
     a key to a blank value. Bear in mind that a name cannot be deleted, and a
     URL can only be deleted if a ``mirrorlist`` is specified (or vice versa).
@@ -1058,7 +1145,8 @@ def mod_repo(repo, **kwargs):
         salt '*' pkg.mod_repo alias url= mirrorlist=http://host.com/
     '''
 
-    repos_cfg = _get_configured_repos()
+    root = kwargs.get('root') or None
+    repos_cfg = _get_configured_repos(root=root)
     added = False
 
     # An attempt to add new one?
@@ -1078,7 +1166,7 @@ def mod_repo(repo, **kwargs):
 
         # Is there already such repo under different alias?
         for alias in repos_cfg.sections():
-            repo_meta = _get_repo_info(alias, repos_cfg=repos_cfg)
+            repo_meta = _get_repo_info(alias, repos_cfg=repos_cfg, root=root)
 
             # Complete user URL, in case it is not
             new_url = _urlparse(url)
@@ -1100,17 +1188,17 @@ def mod_repo(repo, **kwargs):
                 )
 
         # Add new repo
-        __zypper__.xml.call('ar', url, repo)
+        __zypper__(root=root).xml.call('ar', url, repo)
 
         # Verify the repository has been added
-        repos_cfg = _get_configured_repos()
+        repos_cfg = _get_configured_repos(root=root)
         if repo not in repos_cfg.sections():
             raise CommandExecutionError(
                 'Failed add new repository \'{0}\' for unspecified reason. '
                 'Please check zypper logs.'.format(repo))
         added = True
 
-    repo_info = _get_repo_info(repo)
+    repo_info = _get_repo_info(repo, root=root)
     if (
         not added and 'baseurl' in kwargs and
         not (kwargs['baseurl'] == repo_info['baseurl'])
@@ -1119,8 +1207,8 @@ def mod_repo(repo, **kwargs):
         # we need to remove the repository and add it again with the new baseurl
         repo_info.update(kwargs)
         repo_info.setdefault('cache', False)
-        del_repo(repo)
-        return mod_repo(repo, **repo_info)
+        del_repo(repo, root=root)
+        return mod_repo(repo, root=root, **repo_info)
 
     # Modify added or existing repo according to the options
     cmd_opt = []
@@ -1153,7 +1241,7 @@ def mod_repo(repo, **kwargs):
 
     if cmd_opt:
         cmd_opt = global_cmd_opt + ['mr'] + cmd_opt + [repo]
-        __zypper__.refreshable.xml.call(*cmd_opt)
+        __zypper__(root=root).refreshable.xml.call(*cmd_opt)
 
     comment = None
     if call_refresh:
@@ -1161,23 +1249,26 @@ def mod_repo(repo, **kwargs):
         # --gpg-auto-import-keys is not doing anything
         # so we need to specifically refresh here with --gpg-auto-import-keys
         refresh_opts = global_cmd_opt + ['refresh'] + [repo]
-        __zypper__.xml.call(*refresh_opts)
+        __zypper__(root=root).xml.call(*refresh_opts)
     elif not added and not cmd_opt:
         comment = 'Specified arguments did not result in modification of repo'
 
-    repo = get_repo(repo)
+    repo = get_repo(repo, root=root)
     if comment:
         repo['comment'] = comment
 
     return repo
 
 
-def refresh_db():
+def refresh_db(root=None):
     '''
     Force a repository refresh by calling ``zypper refresh --force``, return a dict::
 
         {'<database name>': Bool}
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     CLI Example:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -1187,7 +1278,7 @@ def refresh_db():
     # Remove rtag file to keep multiple refreshes from happening in pkg states
     salt.utils.pkg.clear_rtag(__opts__)
     ret = {}
-    out = __zypper__.refreshable.call('refresh', '--force')
+    out = __zypper__(root=root).refreshable.call('refresh', '--force')
 
     for line in out.splitlines():
         if not line:
@@ -1206,6 +1297,12 @@ def refresh_db():
     return ret
 
 
+def _find_types(pkgs):
+    '''Form a package names list, find prefixes of packages types.'''
+    return sorted({pkg.split(':', 1)[0] for pkg in pkgs
+                   if len(pkg.split(':', 1)) == 2})
+
+
 def install(name=None,
             refresh=False,
             fromrepo=None,
@@ -1215,6 +1312,8 @@ def install(name=None,
             skip_verify=False,
             version=None,
             ignore_repo_failure=False,
+            no_recommends=False,
+            root=None,
             **kwargs):
     '''
     .. versionchanged:: 2015.8.12,2016.3.3,2016.11.0
@@ -1303,6 +1402,12 @@ def install(name=None,
         Zypper returns error code 106 if one of the repositories are not available for various reasons.
         In case to set strict check, this parameter needs to be set to True. Default: False.
 
+    no_recommends
+        Do not install recommended packages, only required ones.
+
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     diff_attr:
         If a list of package attributes is specified, returned value will
         contain them, eg.::
@@ -1342,7 +1447,7 @@ def install(name=None,
                 'arch': '<new-arch>'}}}
     '''
     if refresh:
-        refresh_db()
+        refresh_db(root)
 
     try:
         pkg_params, pkg_type = __salt__['pkg_resource.parse_targets'](name, pkgs, sources, **kwargs)
@@ -1352,7 +1457,7 @@ def install(name=None,
     if pkg_params is None or len(pkg_params) == 0:
         return {}
 
-    version_num = Wildcard(__zypper__)(name, version)
+    version_num = Wildcard(__zypper__(root=root))(name, version)
 
     if version_num:
         if pkgs is None and sources is None:
@@ -1377,17 +1482,20 @@ def install(name=None,
                 targets.append(target)
     elif pkg_type == 'advisory':
         targets = []
-        cur_patches = list_patches()
+        cur_patches = list_patches(root=root)
         for advisory_id in pkg_params:
             if advisory_id not in cur_patches:
                 raise CommandExecutionError('Advisory id "{0}" not found'.format(advisory_id))
             else:
-                targets.append(advisory_id)
+                targets.append('patch:{}'.format(advisory_id))
     else:
         targets = pkg_params
 
     diff_attr = kwargs.get("diff_attr")
-    old = list_pkgs(attr=diff_attr) if not downloadonly else list_downloaded()
+
+    includes = _find_types(targets)
+    old = list_pkgs(attr=diff_attr, root=root, includes=includes) if not downloadonly else list_downloaded(root)
+
     downgrades = []
     if fromrepo:
         fromrepoopt = ['--force', '--force-resolution', '--from', fromrepo]
@@ -1406,10 +1514,10 @@ def install(name=None,
         cmd_install.append('--download-only')
     if fromrepo:
         cmd_install.extend(fromrepoopt)
+    if no_recommends:
+        cmd_install.append('--no-recommends')
 
     errors = []
-    if pkg_type == 'advisory':
-        targets = ["patch:{0}".format(t) for t in targets]
 
     # Split the targets into batches of 500 packages each, so that
     # the maximal length of the command line is not broken
@@ -1417,7 +1525,7 @@ def install(name=None,
     while targets:
         cmd = cmd_install + targets[:500]
         targets = targets[500:]
-        for line in __zypper__(no_repo_failure=ignore_repo_failure, systemd_scope=systemd_scope).call(*cmd).splitlines():
+        for line in __zypper__(no_repo_failure=ignore_repo_failure, systemd_scope=systemd_scope, root=root).call(*cmd).splitlines():
             match = re.match(r"^The selected package '([^']+)'.+has lower version", line)
             if match:
                 downgrades.append(match.group(1))
@@ -1425,12 +1533,17 @@ def install(name=None,
     while downgrades:
         cmd = cmd_install + ['--force'] + downgrades[:500]
         downgrades = downgrades[500:]
-        __zypper__(no_repo_failure=ignore_repo_failure).call(*cmd)
+        __zypper__(no_repo_failure=ignore_repo_failure, root=root).call(*cmd)
 
     _clean_cache()
-    new = list_pkgs(attr=diff_attr) if not downloadonly else list_downloaded()
+    new = list_pkgs(attr=diff_attr, root=root, includes=includes) if not downloadonly else list_downloaded(root)
     ret = salt.utils.data.compare_dicts(old, new)
 
+    # If something else from packages are included in the search,
+    # better clean the cache.
+    if includes:
+        _clean_cache()
+
     if errors:
         raise CommandExecutionError(
             'Problem encountered {0} package(s)'.format(
@@ -1448,6 +1561,8 @@ def upgrade(refresh=True,
             fromrepo=None,
             novendorchange=False,
             skip_verify=False,
+            no_recommends=False,
+            root=None,
             **kwargs):  # pylint: disable=unused-argument
     '''
     .. versionchanged:: 2015.8.12,2016.3.3,2016.11.0
@@ -1487,6 +1602,12 @@ def upgrade(refresh=True,
     skip_verify
         Skip the GPG verification check (e.g., ``--no-gpg-checks``)
 
+    no_recommends
+        Do not install recommended packages, only required ones.
+
+    root
+        Operate on a different root directory.
+
     Returns a dictionary containing the changes:
 
     .. code-block:: python
@@ -1509,7 +1630,7 @@ def upgrade(refresh=True,
         cmd_update.insert(0, '--no-gpg-checks')
 
     if refresh:
-        refresh_db()
+        refresh_db(root)
 
     if dryrun:
         cmd_update.append('--dry-run')
@@ -1530,16 +1651,20 @@ def upgrade(refresh=True,
             else:
                 log.warning('Disabling vendor changes is not supported on this Zypper version')
 
+        if no_recommends:
+            cmd_update.append('--no-recommends')
+            log.info('Disabling recommendations')
+
         if dryrun:
             # Creates a solver test case for debugging.
             log.info('Executing debugsolver and performing a dry-run dist-upgrade')
-            __zypper__(systemd_scope=_systemd_scope()).noraise.call(*cmd_update + ['--debug-solver'])
+            __zypper__(systemd_scope=_systemd_scope(), root=root).noraise.call(*cmd_update + ['--debug-solver'])
 
-    old = list_pkgs()
+    old = list_pkgs(root=root)
 
-    __zypper__(systemd_scope=_systemd_scope()).noraise.call(*cmd_update)
+    __zypper__(systemd_scope=_systemd_scope(), root=root).noraise.call(*cmd_update)
     _clean_cache()
-    new = list_pkgs()
+    new = list_pkgs(root=root)
     ret = salt.utils.data.compare_dicts(old, new)
 
     if __zypper__.exit_code not in __zypper__.SUCCESS_EXIT_CODES:
@@ -1560,7 +1685,7 @@ def upgrade(refresh=True,
     return ret
 
 
-def _uninstall(name=None, pkgs=None):
+def _uninstall(name=None, pkgs=None, root=None):
     '''
     Remove and purge do identical things but with different Zypper commands,
     this function performs the common logic.
@@ -1570,7 +1695,8 @@ def _uninstall(name=None, pkgs=None):
     except MinionError as exc:
         raise CommandExecutionError(exc)
 
-    old = list_pkgs()
+    includes = _find_types(pkg_params.keys())
+    old = list_pkgs(root=root, includes=includes)
     targets = []
     for target in pkg_params:
         # Check if package version set to be removed is actually installed:
@@ -1586,11 +1712,12 @@ def _uninstall(name=None, pkgs=None):
 
     errors = []
     while targets:
-        __zypper__(systemd_scope=systemd_scope).call('remove', *targets[:500])
+        __zypper__(systemd_scope=systemd_scope, root=root).call('remove', *targets[:500])
         targets = targets[500:]
 
     _clean_cache()
-    ret = salt.utils.data.compare_dicts(old, list_pkgs())
+    new = list_pkgs(root=root, includes=includes)
+    ret = salt.utils.data.compare_dicts(old, new)
 
     if errors:
         raise CommandExecutionError(
@@ -1627,7 +1754,7 @@ def normalize_name(name):
     return name
 
 
-def remove(name=None, pkgs=None, **kwargs):  # pylint: disable=unused-argument
+def remove(name=None, pkgs=None, root=None, **kwargs):  # pylint: disable=unused-argument
     '''
     .. versionchanged:: 2015.8.12,2016.3.3,2016.11.0
         On minions running systemd>=205, `systemd-run(1)`_ is now used to
@@ -1655,6 +1782,9 @@ def remove(name=None, pkgs=None, **kwargs):  # pylint: disable=unused-argument
         A list of packages to delete. Must be passed as a python list. The
         ``name`` parameter will be ignored if this option is passed.
 
+    root
+        Operate on a different root directory.
+
     .. versionadded:: 0.16.0
 
 
@@ -1668,10 +1798,10 @@ def remove(name=None, pkgs=None, **kwargs):  # pylint: disable=unused-argument
         salt '*' pkg.remove <package1>,<package2>,<package3>
         salt '*' pkg.remove pkgs='["foo", "bar"]'
     '''
-    return _uninstall(name=name, pkgs=pkgs)
+    return _uninstall(name=name, pkgs=pkgs, root=root)
 
 
-def purge(name=None, pkgs=None, **kwargs):  # pylint: disable=unused-argument
+def purge(name=None, pkgs=None, root=None, **kwargs):  # pylint: disable=unused-argument
     '''
     .. versionchanged:: 2015.8.12,2016.3.3,2016.11.0
         On minions running systemd>=205, `systemd-run(1)`_ is now used to
@@ -1700,6 +1830,9 @@ def purge(name=None, pkgs=None, **kwargs):  # pylint: disable=unused-argument
         A list of packages to delete. Must be passed as a python list. The
         ``name`` parameter will be ignored if this option is passed.
 
+    root
+        Operate on a different root directory.
+
     .. versionadded:: 0.16.0
 
 
@@ -1713,13 +1846,16 @@ def purge(name=None, pkgs=None, **kwargs):  # pylint: disable=unused-argument
         salt '*' pkg.purge <package1>,<package2>,<package3>
         salt '*' pkg.purge pkgs='["foo", "bar"]'
     '''
-    return _uninstall(name=name, pkgs=pkgs)
+    return _uninstall(name=name, pkgs=pkgs, root=root)
 
 
-def list_locks():
+def list_locks(root=None):
     '''
     List current package locks.
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     Return a dict containing the locked package with attributes::
 
         {'<package>': {'case_sensitive': '<case_sensitive>',
@@ -1733,8 +1869,9 @@ def list_locks():
         salt '*' pkg.list_locks
     '''
     locks = {}
-    if os.path.exists(LOCKS):
-        with salt.utils.files.fopen(LOCKS) as fhr:
+    _locks = os.path.join(root, os.path.relpath(LOCKS, os.path.sep)) if root else LOCKS
+    try:
+        with salt.utils.files.fopen(_locks) as fhr:
             items = salt.utils.stringutils.to_unicode(fhr.read()).split('\n\n')
             for meta in [item.split('\n') for item in items]:
                 lock = {}
@@ -1743,15 +1880,22 @@ def list_locks():
                         lock.update(dict([tuple([i.strip() for i in element.split(':', 1)]), ]))
                 if lock.get('solvable_name'):
                     locks[lock.pop('solvable_name')] = lock
+    except IOError:
+        pass
+    except Exception:
+        log.warning('Detected a problem when accessing {}'.format(_locks))
 
     return locks
 
 
-def clean_locks():
+def clean_locks(root=None):
     '''
     Remove unused locks that do not currently (with regard to repositories
     used) lock any package.
 
+    root
+        Operate on a different root directory.
+
     CLI Example:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -1760,10 +1904,11 @@ def clean_locks():
     '''
     LCK = "removed"
     out = {LCK: 0}
-    if not os.path.exists("/etc/zypp/locks"):
+    locks = os.path.join(root, os.path.relpath(LOCKS, os.path.sep)) if root else LOCKS
+    if not os.path.exists(locks):
         return out
 
-    for node in __zypper__.xml.call('cl').getElementsByTagName("message"):
+    for node in __zypper__(root=root).xml.call('cl').getElementsByTagName("message"):
         text = node.childNodes[0].nodeValue.lower()
         if text.startswith(LCK):
             out[LCK] = text.split(" ")[1]
@@ -1776,6 +1921,9 @@ def unhold(name=None, pkgs=None, **kwargs):
     '''
     Remove specified package lock.
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     CLI Example:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -1785,12 +1933,13 @@ def unhold(name=None, pkgs=None, **kwargs):
         salt '*' pkg.remove_lock pkgs='["foo", "bar"]'
     '''
     ret = {}
+    root = kwargs.get('root')
     if (not name and not pkgs) or (name and pkgs):
         raise CommandExecutionError('Name or packages must be specified.')
     elif name:
         pkgs = [name]
 
-    locks = list_locks()
+    locks = list_locks(root)
     try:
         pkgs = list(__salt__['pkg_resource.parse_targets'](pkgs)[0].keys())
     except MinionError as exc:
@@ -1807,15 +1956,18 @@ def unhold(name=None, pkgs=None, **kwargs):
             ret[pkg]['comment'] = 'Package {0} unable to be unheld.'.format(pkg)
 
     if removed:
-        __zypper__.call('rl', *removed)
+        __zypper__(root=root).call('rl', *removed)
 
     return ret
 
 
-def remove_lock(packages, **kwargs):  # pylint: disable=unused-argument
+def remove_lock(packages, root=None, **kwargs):  # pylint: disable=unused-argument
     '''
     Remove specified package lock.
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     CLI Example:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -1825,7 +1977,7 @@ def remove_lock(packages, **kwargs):  # pylint: disable=unused-argument
         salt '*' pkg.remove_lock pkgs='["foo", "bar"]'
     '''
     salt.utils.versions.warn_until('Sodium', 'This function is deprecated. Please use unhold() instead.')
-    locks = list_locks()
+    locks = list_locks(root)
     try:
         packages = list(__salt__['pkg_resource.parse_targets'](packages)[0].keys())
     except MinionError as exc:
@@ -1840,7 +1992,7 @@ def remove_lock(packages, **kwargs):  # pylint: disable=unused-argument
             missing.append(pkg)
 
     if removed:
-        __zypper__.call('rl', *removed)
+        __zypper__(root=root).call('rl', *removed)
 
     return {'removed': len(removed), 'not_found': missing}
 
@@ -1849,6 +2001,9 @@ def hold(name=None, pkgs=None, **kwargs):
     '''
     Add a package lock. Specify packages to lock by exact name.
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     CLI Example:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -1863,12 +2018,13 @@ def hold(name=None, pkgs=None, **kwargs):
     :return:
     '''
     ret = {}
+    root = kwargs.get('root')
     if (not name and not pkgs) or (name and pkgs):
         raise CommandExecutionError('Name or packages must be specified.')
     elif name:
         pkgs = [name]
 
-    locks = list_locks()
+    locks = list_locks(root=root)
     added = []
     try:
         pkgs = list(__salt__['pkg_resource.parse_targets'](pkgs)[0].keys())
@@ -1884,15 +2040,18 @@ def hold(name=None, pkgs=None, **kwargs):
             ret[pkg]['comment'] = 'Package {0} is already set to be held.'.format(pkg)
 
     if added:
-        __zypper__.call('al', *added)
+        __zypper__(root=root).call('al', *added)
 
     return ret
 
 
-def add_lock(packages, **kwargs):  # pylint: disable=unused-argument
+def add_lock(packages, root=None, **kwargs):  # pylint: disable=unused-argument
     '''
     Add a package lock. Specify packages to lock by exact name.
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     CLI Example:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -1902,7 +2061,7 @@ def add_lock(packages, **kwargs):  # pylint: disable=unused-argument
         salt '*' pkg.add_lock pkgs='["foo", "bar"]'
     '''
     salt.utils.versions.warn_until('Sodium', 'This function is deprecated. Please use hold() instead.')
-    locks = list_locks()
+    locks = list_locks(root)
     added = []
     try:
         packages = list(__salt__['pkg_resource.parse_targets'](packages)[0].keys())
@@ -1914,7 +2073,7 @@ def add_lock(packages, **kwargs):  # pylint: disable=unused-argument
             added.append(pkg)
 
     if added:
-        __zypper__.call('al', *added)
+        __zypper__(root=root).call('al', *added)
 
     return {'added': len(added), 'packages': added}
 
@@ -1924,7 +2083,9 @@ def verify(*names, **kwargs):
     Runs an rpm -Va on a system, and returns the results in a dict
 
     Files with an attribute of config, doc, ghost, license or readme in the
-    package header can be ignored using the ``ignore_types`` keyword argument
+    package header can be ignored using the ``ignore_types`` keyword argument.
+
+    The root parameter can also be passed via the keyword argument.
 
     CLI Example:
 
@@ -1938,12 +2099,14 @@ def verify(*names, **kwargs):
     return __salt__['lowpkg.verify'](*names, **kwargs)
 
 
-def file_list(*packages):
+def file_list(*packages, **kwargs):
     '''
     List the files that belong to a package. Not specifying any packages will
     return a list of *every* file on the system's rpm database (not generally
     recommended).
 
+    The root parameter can also be passed via the keyword argument.
+
     CLI Examples:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -1952,15 +2115,17 @@ def file_list(*packages):
         salt '*' pkg.file_list httpd postfix
         salt '*' pkg.file_list
     '''
-    return __salt__['lowpkg.file_list'](*packages)
+    return __salt__['lowpkg.file_list'](*packages, **kwargs)
 
 
-def file_dict(*packages):
+def file_dict(*packages, **kwargs):
     '''
     List the files that belong to a package, grouped by package. Not
     specifying any packages will return a list of *every* file on the system's
     rpm database (not generally recommended).
 
+    The root parameter can also be passed via the keyword argument.
+
     CLI Examples:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -1969,7 +2134,7 @@ def file_dict(*packages):
         salt '*' pkg.file_list httpd postfix
         salt '*' pkg.file_list
     '''
-    return __salt__['lowpkg.file_dict'](*packages)
+    return __salt__['lowpkg.file_dict'](*packages, **kwargs)
 
 
 def modified(*packages, **flags):
@@ -2008,6 +2173,9 @@ def modified(*packages, **flags):
     capabilities
         Include only files where capabilities differ or not. Note: supported only on newer RPM versions.
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     CLI Examples:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -2021,7 +2189,7 @@ def modified(*packages, **flags):
     return __salt__['lowpkg.modified'](*packages, **flags)
 
 
-def owner(*paths):
+def owner(*paths, **kwargs):
     '''
     Return the name of the package that owns the file. Multiple file paths can
     be passed. If a single path is passed, a string will be returned,
@@ -2031,6 +2199,8 @@ def owner(*paths):
     If the file is not owned by a package, or is not present on the minion,
     then an empty string will be returned for that path.
 
+    The root parameter can also be passed via the keyword argument.
+
     CLI Examples:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -2038,26 +2208,69 @@ def owner(*paths):
         salt '*' pkg.owner /usr/bin/apachectl
         salt '*' pkg.owner /usr/bin/apachectl /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
     '''
-    return __salt__['lowpkg.owner'](*paths)
+    return __salt__['lowpkg.owner'](*paths, **kwargs)
 
 
-def _get_patterns(installed_only=None):
-    '''
-    List all known patterns in repos.
-    '''
+def _get_visible_patterns(root=None):
+    '''Get all available patterns in the repo that are visible.'''
     patterns = {}
-    for element in __zypper__.nolock.xml.call('se', '-t', 'pattern').getElementsByTagName('solvable'):
+    search_patterns = __zypper__(root=root).nolock.xml.call('se', '-t', 'pattern')
+    for element in search_patterns.getElementsByTagName('solvable'):
         installed = element.getAttribute('status') == 'installed'
-        if (installed_only and installed) or not installed_only:
-            patterns[element.getAttribute('name')] = {
-                'installed': installed,
-                'summary': element.getAttribute('summary'),
+        patterns[element.getAttribute('name')] = {
+            'installed': installed,
+            'summary': element.getAttribute('summary'),
+        }
+    return patterns
+
+
+def _get_installed_patterns(root=None):
+    '''
+    List all installed patterns.
+    '''
+    # Some patterns are non visible (`pattern-visible()` capability is
+    # not set), so they cannot be found via a normal `zypper se -t
+    # pattern`.
+    #
+    # Also patterns are not directly searchable in the local rpmdb.
+    #
+    # The proposed solution is, first search all the packages that
+    # containst the 'pattern()' capability, and deduce the name of the
+    # pattern from this capability.
+    #
+    # For example:
+    #
+    #   'pattern() = base' -> 'base'
+    #   'pattern() = microos_defaults' -> 'microos_defaults'
+
+    def _pattern_name(capability):
+        '''Return from a suitable capability the pattern name.'''
+        return capability.split('=')[-1].strip()
+
+    cmd = ['rpm']
+    if root:
+        cmd.extend(['--root', root])
+    cmd.extend(['-q', '--provides', '--whatprovides', 'pattern()'])
+    # If no `pattern()`s are found, RPM returns `1`, but for us is not
+    # a real error.
+    output = __salt__['cmd.run'](cmd, ignore_retcode=True)
+
+    installed_patterns = [_pattern_name(line) for line in output.splitlines()
+                          if line.startswith('pattern() = ')]
+
+    patterns = {k: v for k, v in _get_visible_patterns(root=root).items() if v['installed']}
+
+    for pattern in installed_patterns:
+        if pattern not in patterns:
+            patterns[pattern] = {
+                'installed': True,
+                'summary': 'Non-visible pattern',
             }
 
     return patterns
 
 
-def list_patterns(refresh=False):
+def list_patterns(refresh=False, root=None):
     '''
     List all known patterns from available repos.
 
@@ -2066,6 +2279,9 @@ def list_patterns(refresh=False):
         If set to False (default) it depends on zypper if a refresh is
         executed.
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     CLI Examples:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -2073,27 +2289,30 @@ def list_patterns(refresh=False):
         salt '*' pkg.list_patterns
     '''
     if refresh:
-        refresh_db()
+        refresh_db(root)
 
-    return _get_patterns()
+    return _get_visible_patterns(root=root)
 
 
-def list_installed_patterns():
+def list_installed_patterns(root=None):
     '''
     List installed patterns on the system.
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     CLI Examples:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
 
         salt '*' pkg.list_installed_patterns
     '''
-    return _get_patterns(installed_only=True)
+    return _get_installed_patterns(root=root)
 
 
 def search(criteria, refresh=False, **kwargs):
     '''
-    List known packags, available to the system.
+    List known packages, available to the system.
 
     refresh
         force a refresh if set to True.
@@ -2141,6 +2360,9 @@ def search(criteria, refresh=False, **kwargs):
     details (bool)
         Show version and repository
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     CLI Examples:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -2161,8 +2383,11 @@ def search(criteria, refresh=False, **kwargs):
             'not_installed_only': '-u',
             'details': '--details'
             }
+
+    root = kwargs.get('root', None)
+
     if refresh:
-        refresh_db()
+        refresh_db(root)
 
     cmd = ['search']
     if kwargs.get('match') == 'exact':
@@ -2177,7 +2402,7 @@ def search(criteria, refresh=False, **kwargs):
             cmd.append(ALLOWED_SEARCH_OPTIONS.get(opt))
 
     cmd.append(criteria)
-    solvables = __zypper__.nolock.noraise.xml.call(*cmd).getElementsByTagName('solvable')
+    solvables = __zypper__(root=root).nolock.noraise.xml.call(*cmd).getElementsByTagName('solvable')
     if not solvables:
         raise CommandExecutionError(
             'No packages found matching \'{0}\''.format(criteria)
@@ -2206,7 +2431,7 @@ def _get_first_aggregate_text(node_list):
     return '\n'.join(out)
 
 
-def list_products(all=False, refresh=False):
+def list_products(all=False, refresh=False, root=None):
     '''
     List all available or installed SUSE products.
 
@@ -2218,6 +2443,9 @@ def list_products(all=False, refresh=False):
         If set to False (default) it depends on zypper if a refresh is
         executed.
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     Includes handling for OEM products, which read the OEM productline file
     and overwrite the release value.
 
@@ -2229,10 +2457,12 @@ def list_products(all=False, refresh=False):
         salt '*' pkg.list_products all=True
     '''
     if refresh:
-        refresh_db()
+        refresh_db(root)
 
     ret = list()
-    OEM_PATH = "/var/lib/suseRegister/OEM"
+    OEM_PATH = '/var/lib/suseRegister/OEM'
+    if root:
+        OEM_PATH = os.path.join(root, os.path.relpath(OEM_PATH, os.path.sep))
     cmd = list()
     if not all:
         cmd.append('--disable-repos')
@@ -2240,7 +2470,7 @@ def list_products(all=False, refresh=False):
     if not all:
         cmd.append('-i')
 
-    product_list = __zypper__.nolock.xml.call(*cmd).getElementsByTagName('product-list')
+    product_list = __zypper__(root=root).nolock.xml.call(*cmd).getElementsByTagName('product-list')
     if not product_list:
         return ret  # No products found
 
@@ -2282,6 +2512,9 @@ def download(*packages, **kwargs):
         If set to False (default) it depends on zypper if a refresh is
         executed.
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     CLI example:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -2292,12 +2525,14 @@ def download(*packages, **kwargs):
     if not packages:
         raise SaltInvocationError('No packages specified')
 
+    root = kwargs.get('root', None)
+
     refresh = kwargs.get('refresh', False)
     if refresh:
-        refresh_db()
+        refresh_db(root)
 
     pkg_ret = {}
-    for dld_result in __zypper__.xml.call('download', *packages).getElementsByTagName("download-result"):
+    for dld_result in __zypper__(root=root).xml.call('download', *packages).getElementsByTagName("download-result"):
         repo = dld_result.getElementsByTagName("repository")[0]
         path = dld_result.getElementsByTagName("localfile")[0].getAttribute("path")
         pkg_info = {
@@ -2308,7 +2543,7 @@ def download(*packages, **kwargs):
         key = _get_first_aggregate_text(
             dld_result.getElementsByTagName('name')
         )
-        if __salt__['lowpkg.checksum'](pkg_info['path']):
+        if __salt__['lowpkg.checksum'](pkg_info['path'], root=root):
             pkg_ret[key] = pkg_info
 
     if pkg_ret:
@@ -2322,12 +2557,15 @@ def download(*packages, **kwargs):
     )
 
 
-def list_downloaded():
+def list_downloaded(root=None):
     '''
     .. versionadded:: 2017.7.0
 
     List prefetched packages downloaded by Zypper in the local disk.
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     CLI example:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -2335,6 +2573,8 @@ def list_downloaded():
         salt '*' pkg.list_downloaded
     '''
     CACHE_DIR = '/var/cache/zypp/packages/'
+    if root:
+        CACHE_DIR = os.path.join(root, os.path.relpath(CACHE_DIR, os.path.sep))
 
     ret = {}
     for root, dirnames, filenames in salt.utils.path.os_walk(CACHE_DIR):
@@ -2351,12 +2591,14 @@ def list_downloaded():
     return ret
 
 
-def diff(*paths):
+def diff(*paths, **kwargs):
     '''
     Return a formatted diff between current files and original in a package.
     NOTE: this function includes all files (configuration and not), but does
     not work on binary content.
 
+    The root parameter can also be passed via the keyword argument.
+
     :param path: Full path to the installed file
     :return: Difference string or raises and exception if examined file is binary.
 
@@ -2370,7 +2612,7 @@ def diff(*paths):
 
     pkg_to_paths = {}
     for pth in paths:
-        pth_pkg = __salt__['lowpkg.owner'](pth)
+        pth_pkg = __salt__['lowpkg.owner'](pth, **kwargs)
         if not pth_pkg:
             ret[pth] = os.path.exists(pth) and 'Not managed' or 'N/A'
         else:
@@ -2379,7 +2621,7 @@ def diff(*paths):
             pkg_to_paths[pth_pkg].append(pth)
 
     if pkg_to_paths:
-        local_pkgs = __salt__['pkg.download'](*pkg_to_paths.keys())
+        local_pkgs = __salt__['pkg.download'](*pkg_to_paths.keys(), **kwargs)
         for pkg, files in six.iteritems(pkg_to_paths):
             for path in files:
                 ret[path] = __salt__['lowpkg.diff'](
@@ -2390,12 +2632,12 @@ def diff(*paths):
     return ret
 
 
-def _get_patches(installed_only=False):
+def _get_patches(installed_only=False, root=None):
     '''
     List all known patches in repos.
     '''
     patches = {}
-    for element in __zypper__.nolock.xml.call('se', '-t', 'patch').getElementsByTagName('solvable'):
+    for element in __zypper__(root=root).nolock.xml.call('se', '-t', 'patch').getElementsByTagName('solvable'):
         installed = element.getAttribute('status') == 'installed'
         if (installed_only and installed) or not installed_only:
             patches[element.getAttribute('name')] = {
@@ -2406,7 +2648,7 @@ def _get_patches(installed_only=False):
     return patches
 
 
-def list_patches(refresh=False):
+def list_patches(refresh=False, root=None, **kwargs):
     '''
     .. versionadded:: 2017.7.0
 
@@ -2417,6 +2659,9 @@ def list_patches(refresh=False):
         If set to False (default) it depends on zypper if a refresh is
         executed.
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     CLI Examples:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -2424,33 +2669,39 @@ def list_patches(refresh=False):
         salt '*' pkg.list_patches
     '''
     if refresh:
-        refresh_db()
+        refresh_db(root)
 
-    return _get_patches()
+    return _get_patches(root=root)
 
 
-def list_installed_patches():
+def list_installed_patches(root=None, **kwargs):
     '''
     .. versionadded:: 2017.7.0
 
     List installed advisory patches on the system.
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     CLI Examples:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
 
         salt '*' pkg.list_installed_patches
     '''
-    return _get_patches(installed_only=True)
+    return _get_patches(installed_only=True, root=root)
 
 
-def list_provides(**kwargs):
+def list_provides(root=None, **kwargs):
     '''
     .. versionadded:: 2018.3.0
 
     List package provides of installed packages as a dict.
     {'<provided_name>': ['<package_name>', '<package_name>', ...]}
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     CLI Examples:
 
     .. code-block:: bash
@@ -2459,7 +2710,10 @@ def list_provides(**kwargs):
     '''
     ret = __context__.get('pkg.list_provides')
     if not ret:
-        cmd = ['rpm', '-qa', '--queryformat', '%{PROVIDES}_|-%{NAME}\n']
+        cmd = ['rpm']
+        if root:
+            cmd.extend(['--root', root])
+        cmd.extend(['-qa', '--queryformat', '%{PROVIDES}_|-%{NAME}\n'])
         ret = dict()
         for line in __salt__['cmd.run'](cmd, output_loglevel='trace', python_shell=False).splitlines():
             provide, realname = line.split('_|-')
@@ -2475,7 +2729,7 @@ def list_provides(**kwargs):
     return ret
 
 
-def resolve_capabilities(pkgs, refresh, **kwargs):
+def resolve_capabilities(pkgs, refresh=False, root=None, **kwargs):
     '''
     .. versionadded:: 2018.3.0
 
@@ -2489,6 +2743,9 @@ def resolve_capabilities(pkgs, refresh, **kwargs):
         If set to False (default) it depends on zypper if a refresh is
         executed.
 
+    root
+        operate on a different root directory.
+
     resolve_capabilities
         If this option is set to True the input will be checked if
         a package with this name exists. If not, this function will
@@ -2504,7 +2761,7 @@ def resolve_capabilities(pkgs, refresh, **kwargs):
         salt '*' pkg.resolve_capabilities resolve_capabilities=True w3m_ssl
     '''
     if refresh:
-        refresh_db()
+        refresh_db(root)
 
     ret = list()
     for pkg in pkgs:
@@ -2517,12 +2774,12 @@ def resolve_capabilities(pkgs, refresh, **kwargs):
 
         if kwargs.get('resolve_capabilities', False):
             try:
-                search(name, match='exact')
+                search(name, root=root, match='exact')
             except CommandExecutionError:
                 # no package this such a name found
                 # search for a package which provides this name
                 try:
-                    result = search(name, provides=True, match='exact')
+                    result = search(name, root=root, provides=True, match='exact')
                     if len(result) == 1:
                         name = next(iter(result.keys()))
                     elif len(result) > 1:
diff --git a/salt/states/btrfs.py b/salt/states/btrfs.py
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..af78c8ae00
--- /dev/null
+++ b/salt/states/btrfs.py
@@ -0,0 +1,385 @@
+# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
+#
+# Author: Alberto Planas <aplanas@suse.com>
+#
+# Copyright 2018 SUSE LINUX GmbH, Nuernberg, Germany.
+#
+# Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+# or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+# distributed with this work for additional information
+# regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+# to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+# "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+# with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+#
+#   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+#
+# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
+# software distributed under the License is distributed on an
+# "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
+# KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
+# specific language governing permissions and limitations
+# under the License.
+
+'''
+:maintainer:    Alberto Planas <aplanas@suse.com>
+:maturity:      new
+:depends:       None
+:platform:      Linux
+'''
+from __future__ import absolute_import, print_function, unicode_literals
+import functools
+import logging
+import os.path
+import tempfile
+import traceback
+
+from salt.exceptions import CommandExecutionError
+
+log = logging.getLogger(__name__)
+
+__virtualname__ = 'btrfs'
+
+
+def _mount(device, use_default):
+    '''
+    Mount the device in a temporary place.
+    '''
+    opts = 'subvol=/' if not use_default else 'defaults'
+    dest = tempfile.mkdtemp()
+    res = __states__['mount.mounted'](dest, device=device, fstype='btrfs',
+                                      opts=opts, persist=False)
+    if not res['result']:
+        log.error('Cannot mount device %s in %s', device, dest)
+        _umount(dest)
+        return None
+    return dest
+
+
+def _umount(path):
+    '''
+    Umount and clean the temporary place.
+    '''
+    __states__['mount.unmounted'](path)
+    __utils__['files.rm_rf'](path)
+
+
+def _is_default(path, dest, name):
+    '''
+    Check if the subvolume is the current default.
+    '''
+    subvol_id = __salt__['btrfs.subvolume_show'](path)[name]['subvolume id']
+    def_id = __salt__['btrfs.subvolume_get_default'](dest)['id']
+    return subvol_id == def_id
+
+
+def _set_default(path, dest, name):
+    '''
+    Set the subvolume as the current default.
+    '''
+    subvol_id = __salt__['btrfs.subvolume_show'](path)[name]['subvolume id']
+    return __salt__['btrfs.subvolume_set_default'](subvol_id, dest)
+
+
+def _is_cow(path):
+    '''
+    Check if the subvolume is copy on write
+    '''
+    dirname = os.path.dirname(path)
+    return 'C' not in __salt__['file.lsattr'](dirname)[path]
+
+
+def _unset_cow(path):
+    '''
+    Disable the copy on write in a subvolume
+    '''
+    return __salt__['file.chattr'](path, operator='add', attributes='C')
+
+
+def __mount_device(action):
+    '''
+    Small decorator to makes sure that the mount and umount happends in
+    a transactional way.
+    '''
+    @functools.wraps(action)
+    def wrapper(*args, **kwargs):
+        name = kwargs['name']
+        device = kwargs['device']
+        use_default = kwargs.get('use_default', False)
+
+        ret = {
+            'name': name,
+            'result': False,
+            'changes': {},
+            'comment': ['Some error happends during the operation.'],
+        }
+        try:
+            if device:
+                dest = _mount(device, use_default)
+                if not dest:
+                    msg = 'Device {} cannot be mounted'.format(device)
+                    ret['comment'].append(msg)
+                kwargs['__dest'] = dest
+            ret = action(*args, **kwargs)
+        except Exception:
+            tb = six.text_type(traceback.format_exc())
+            log.exception('Exception captured in wrapper %s', tb)
+            ret['comment'].append(tb)
+        finally:
+            if device:
+                _umount(dest)
+        return ret
+    return wrapper
+
+
+@__mount_device
+def subvolume_created(name, device, qgroupids=None, set_default=False,
+                      copy_on_write=True, force_set_default=True,
+                      __dest=None):
+    '''
+    Makes sure that a btrfs subvolume is present.
+
+    name
+        Name of the subvolume to add
+
+    device
+        Device where to create the subvolume
+
+    qgroupids
+         Add the newly created subcolume to a qgroup. This parameter
+         is a list
+
+    set_default
+        If True, this new subvolume will be set as default when
+        mounted, unless subvol option in mount is used
+
+    copy_on_write
+        If false, set the subvolume with chattr +C
+
+    force_set_default
+        If false and the subvolume is already present, it will not
+        force it as default if ``set_default`` is True
+
+    '''
+    ret = {
+        'name': name,
+        'result': False,
+        'changes': {},
+        'comment': [],
+    }
+    path = os.path.join(__dest, name)
+
+    exists = __salt__['btrfs.subvolume_exists'](path)
+    if exists:
+        ret['comment'].append('Subvolume {} already present'.format(name))
+
+    # Resolve first the test case. The check is not complete, but at
+    # least we will report if a subvolume needs to be created. Can
+    # happend that the subvolume is there, but we also need to set it
+    # as default, or persist in fstab.
+    if __opts__['test']:
+        ret['result'] = None
+        if not exists:
+            ret['comment'].append('Subvolume {} will be created'.format(name))
+        return ret
+
+    if not exists:
+        # Create the directories where the subvolume lives
+        _path = os.path.dirname(path)
+        res = __states__['file.directory'](_path, makedirs=True)
+        if not res['result']:
+            ret['comment'].append('Error creating {} directory'.format(_path))
+            return ret
+
+        try:
+            __salt__['btrfs.subvolume_create'](name, dest=__dest,
+                                               qgroupids=qgroupids)
+        except CommandExecutionError:
+            ret['comment'].append('Error creating subvolume {}'.format(name))
+            return ret
+
+        ret['changes'][name] = 'Created subvolume {}'.format(name)
+
+    # If the volume was already present, we can opt-out the check for
+    # default subvolume.
+    if (not exists or (exists and force_set_default)) and \
+       set_default and not _is_default(path, __dest, name):
+        ret['changes'][name + '_default'] = _set_default(path, __dest, name)
+
+    if not copy_on_write and _is_cow(path):
+        ret['changes'][name + '_no_cow'] = _unset_cow(path)
+
+    ret['result'] = True
+    return ret
+
+
+@__mount_device
+def subvolume_deleted(name, device, commit=False, __dest=None):
+    '''
+    Makes sure that a btrfs subvolume is removed.
+
+    name
+        Name of the subvolume to remove
+
+    device
+        Device where to remove the subvolume
+
+    commit
+        Wait until the transaction is over
+
+    '''
+    ret = {
+        'name': name,
+        'result': False,
+        'changes': {},
+        'comment': [],
+    }
+
+    path = os.path.join(__dest, name)
+
+    exists = __salt__['btrfs.subvolume_exists'](path)
+    if not exists:
+        ret['comment'].append('Subvolume {} already missing'.format(name))
+
+    if __opts__['test']:
+        ret['result'] = None
+        if exists:
+            ret['comment'].append('Subvolume {} will be removed'.format(name))
+        return ret
+
+    # If commit is set, we wait until all is over
+    commit = 'after' if commit else None
+
+    if not exists:
+        try:
+            __salt__['btrfs.subvolume_delete'](path, commit=commit)
+        except CommandExecutionError:
+            ret['comment'].append('Error removing subvolume {}'.format(name))
+            return ret
+
+        ret['changes'][name] = 'Removed subvolume {}'.format(name)
+
+    ret['result'] = True
+    return ret
+
+
+def _diff_properties(expected, current):
+    '''Calculate the difference between the current and the expected
+    properties
+
+    * 'expected' is expressed in a dictionary like: {'property': value}
+
+    * 'current' contains the same format retuned by 'btrfs.properties'
+
+    If the property is not available, will throw an exception.
+
+    '''
+    difference = {}
+    for _property, value in expected.items():
+        current_value = current[_property]['value']
+        if value is False and current_value == 'N/A':
+            needs_update = False
+        elif value != current_value:
+            needs_update = True
+        else:
+            needs_update = False
+        if needs_update:
+            difference[_property] = value
+    return difference
+
+
+@__mount_device
+def properties(name, device, use_default=False, __dest=None, **properties):
+    '''
+    Makes sure that a list of properties are set in a subvolume, file
+    or device.
+
+    name
+        Name of the object to change
+
+    device
+        Device where the object lives, if None, the device will be in
+        name
+
+    use_default
+        If True, this subvolume will be resolved to the default
+        subvolume assigned during the create operation
+
+    properties
+        Dictionary of properties
+
+    Valid properties are 'ro', 'label' or 'compression'. Check the
+    documentation to see where those properties are valid for each
+    object.
+
+    '''
+    ret = {
+        'name': name,
+        'result': False,
+        'changes': {},
+        'comment': [],
+    }
+
+    # 'name' will have always the name of the object that we want to
+    # change, but if the object is a device, we do not repeat it again
+    # in 'device'. This makes device sometimes optional.
+    if device:
+        if os.path.isabs(name):
+            path = os.path.join(__dest, os.path.relpath(name, os.path.sep))
+        else:
+            path = os.path.join(__dest, name)
+    else:
+        path = name
+
+    if not os.path.exists(path):
+        ret['comment'].append('Object {} not found'.format(name))
+        return ret
+
+    # Convert the booleans to lowercase
+    properties = {k: v if type(v) is not bool else str(v).lower()
+                  for k, v in properties.items()}
+
+    current_properties = {}
+    try:
+        current_properties = __salt__['btrfs.properties'](path)
+    except CommandExecutionError as e:
+        ret['comment'].append('Error reading properties from {}'.format(name))
+        ret['comment'].append('Current error {}'.format(e))
+        return ret
+
+    try:
+        properties_to_set = _diff_properties(properties, current_properties)
+    except KeyError:
+        ret['comment'].append('Some property not found in {}'.format(name))
+        return ret
+
+    if __opts__['test']:
+        ret['result'] = None
+        if properties_to_set:
+            msg = 'Properties {} will be changed in {}'.format(
+                properties_to_set, name)
+        else:
+            msg = 'No properties will be changed in {}'.format(name)
+        ret['comment'].append(msg)
+        return ret
+
+    if properties_to_set:
+        _properties = ','.join(
+            '{}={}'.format(k, v) for k, v in properties_to_set.items())
+        __salt__['btrfs.properties'](path, set=_properties)
+
+        current_properties = __salt__['btrfs.properties'](path)
+        properties_failed = _diff_properties(properties, current_properties)
+        if properties_failed:
+            msg = 'Properties {} failed to be changed in {}'.format(
+                properties_failed, name)
+            ret['comment'].append(msg)
+            return ret
+
+        ret['comment'].append('Properties changed in {}'.format(name))
+        ret['changes'] = properties_to_set
+    else:
+        ret['comment'].append('Properties not changed in {}'.format(name))
+
+    ret['result'] = True
+    return ret
diff --git a/salt/states/file.py b/salt/states/file.py
index dd5bcec62a..0e925bb2ed 100644
--- a/salt/states/file.py
+++ b/salt/states/file.py
@@ -291,7 +291,11 @@ import shutil
 import sys
 import time
 import traceback
-from collections import Iterable, Mapping, defaultdict
+try:
+    from collections.abc import Iterable, Mapping
+except ImportError:
+    from collections import Iterable, Mapping
+from collections import defaultdict
 from datetime import datetime, date   # python3 problem in the making?
 
 # Import salt libs
diff --git a/salt/states/loop.py b/salt/states/loop.py
index 524fa56c1a..726c8c8016 100644
--- a/salt/states/loop.py
+++ b/salt/states/loop.py
@@ -185,6 +185,10 @@ def until_no_eval(
                           ''.format(name, expected))
     if ret['comment']:
         return ret
+    if not m_args:
+        m_args = []
+    if not m_kwargs:
+        m_kwargs = {}
 
     if init_wait:
         time.sleep(init_wait)
diff --git a/salt/states/pkg.py b/salt/states/pkg.py
index a13d418400..71ba29a27c 100644
--- a/salt/states/pkg.py
+++ b/salt/states/pkg.py
@@ -236,7 +236,7 @@ def _fulfills_version_spec(versions, oper, desired_version,
     return False
 
 
-def _find_unpurge_targets(desired):
+def _find_unpurge_targets(desired, **kwargs):
     '''
     Find packages which are marked to be purged but can't yet be removed
     because they are dependencies for other installed packages. These are the
@@ -245,7 +245,7 @@ def _find_unpurge_targets(desired):
     '''
     return [
         x for x in desired
-        if x in __salt__['pkg.list_pkgs'](purge_desired=True)
+        if x in __salt__['pkg.list_pkgs'](purge_desired=True, **kwargs)
     ]
 
 
@@ -260,7 +260,7 @@ def _find_download_targets(name=None,
     Inspect the arguments to pkg.downloaded and discover what packages need to
     be downloaded. Return a dict of packages to download.
     '''
-    cur_pkgs = __salt__['pkg.list_downloaded']()
+    cur_pkgs = __salt__['pkg.list_downloaded'](**kwargs)
     if pkgs:
         to_download = _repack_pkgs(pkgs, normalize=normalize)  # pylint: disable=not-callable
 
@@ -378,7 +378,7 @@ def _find_advisory_targets(name=None,
     Inspect the arguments to pkg.patch_installed and discover what advisory
     patches need to be installed. Return a dict of advisory patches to install.
     '''
-    cur_patches = __salt__['pkg.list_installed_patches']()
+    cur_patches = __salt__['pkg.list_installed_patches'](**kwargs)
     if advisory_ids:
         to_download = advisory_ids
     else:
@@ -582,7 +582,7 @@ def _find_install_targets(name=None,
                                'minion log.'.format('pkgs' if pkgs
                                                     else 'sources')}
 
-        to_unpurge = _find_unpurge_targets(desired)
+        to_unpurge = _find_unpurge_targets(desired, **kwargs)
     else:
         if salt.utils.platform.is_windows():
             pkginfo = _get_package_info(name, saltenv=kwargs['saltenv'])  # pylint: disable=not-callable
@@ -602,7 +602,7 @@ def _find_install_targets(name=None,
         else:
             desired = {name: version}
 
-        to_unpurge = _find_unpurge_targets(desired)
+        to_unpurge = _find_unpurge_targets(desired, **kwargs)
 
         # FreeBSD pkg supports `openjdk` and `java/openjdk7` package names
         origin = bool(re.search('/', name))
@@ -761,7 +761,8 @@ def _find_install_targets(name=None,
                         verify_result = __salt__['pkg.verify'](
                             package_name,
                             ignore_types=ignore_types,
-                            verify_options=verify_options
+                            verify_options=verify_options,
+                            **kwargs
                         )
                     except (CommandExecutionError, SaltInvocationError) as exc:
                         failed_verify = exc.strerror
@@ -790,7 +791,9 @@ def _find_install_targets(name=None,
                         verify_result = __salt__['pkg.verify'](
                             package_name,
                             ignore_types=ignore_types,
-                            verify_options=verify_options)
+                            verify_options=verify_options,
+                            **kwargs
+                        )
                     except (CommandExecutionError, SaltInvocationError) as exc:
                         failed_verify = exc.strerror
                         continue
@@ -1974,7 +1977,8 @@ def installed(
             # have caught invalid arguments earlier.
             verify_result = __salt__['pkg.verify'](reinstall_pkg,
                                                    ignore_types=ignore_types,
-                                                   verify_options=verify_options)
+                                                   verify_options=verify_options,
+                                                   **kwargs)
             if verify_result:
                 failed.append(reinstall_pkg)
                 altered_files[reinstall_pkg] = verify_result
@@ -3038,7 +3042,7 @@ def uptodate(name, refresh=False, pkgs=None, **kwargs):
         pkgs, refresh = _resolve_capabilities(pkgs, refresh=refresh, **kwargs)
         try:
             packages = __salt__['pkg.list_upgrades'](refresh=refresh, **kwargs)
-            expected = {pkgname: {'new': pkgver, 'old': __salt__['pkg.version'](pkgname)}
+            expected = {pkgname: {'new': pkgver, 'old': __salt__['pkg.version'](pkgname, **kwargs)}
                         for pkgname, pkgver in six.iteritems(packages)}
             if isinstance(pkgs, list):
                 packages = [pkg for pkg in packages if pkg in pkgs]
@@ -3220,7 +3224,7 @@ def group_installed(name, skip=None, include=None, **kwargs):
                               .format(name, exc))
         return ret
 
-    failed = [x for x in targets if x not in __salt__['pkg.list_pkgs']()]
+    failed = [x for x in targets if x not in __salt__['pkg.list_pkgs'](**kwargs)]
     if failed:
         ret['comment'] = (
             'Failed to install the following packages: {0}'
diff --git a/salt/states/pkgrepo.py b/salt/states/pkgrepo.py
index f1ae3a0f6f..c39e857580 100644
--- a/salt/states/pkgrepo.py
+++ b/salt/states/pkgrepo.py
@@ -385,10 +385,7 @@ def managed(name, ppa=None, **kwargs):
         kwargs.pop(kwarg, None)
 
     try:
-        pre = __salt__['pkg.get_repo'](
-            repo,
-            ppa_auth=kwargs.get('ppa_auth', None)
-        )
+        pre = __salt__['pkg.get_repo'](repo=repo, **kwargs)
     except CommandExecutionError as exc:
         ret['result'] = False
         ret['comment'] = \
@@ -504,10 +501,7 @@ def managed(name, ppa=None, **kwargs):
         return ret
 
     try:
-        post = __salt__['pkg.get_repo'](
-            repo,
-            ppa_auth=kwargs.get('ppa_auth', None)
-        )
+        post = __salt__['pkg.get_repo'](repo=repo, **kwargs)
         if pre:
             for kwarg in sanitizedkwargs:
                 if post.get(kwarg) != pre.get(kwarg):
@@ -600,9 +594,7 @@ def absent(name, **kwargs):
         return ret
 
     try:
-        repo = __salt__['pkg.get_repo'](
-            name, ppa_auth=kwargs.get('ppa_auth', None)
-        )
+        repo = __salt__['pkg.get_repo'](name, **kwargs)
     except CommandExecutionError as exc:
         ret['result'] = False
         ret['comment'] = \
diff --git a/salt/utils/oset.py b/salt/utils/oset.py
index acfd59b53b..cd4e88be40 100644
--- a/salt/utils/oset.py
+++ b/salt/utils/oset.py
@@ -22,7 +22,10 @@ Rob Speer's changes are as follows:
     - added __getitem__
 '''
 from __future__ import absolute_import, unicode_literals, print_function
-import collections
+try:
+    from collections.abc import MutableSet
+except ImportError:
+    from collections import MutableSet
 
 SLICE_ALL = slice(None)
 __version__ = '2.0.1'
@@ -44,7 +47,7 @@ def is_iterable(obj):
     return hasattr(obj, '__iter__') and not isinstance(obj, str) and not isinstance(obj, tuple)
 
 
-class OrderedSet(collections.MutableSet):
+class OrderedSet(MutableSet):
     """
     An OrderedSet is a custom MutableSet that remembers its order, so that
     every entry has an index that can be looked up.
diff --git a/tests/unit/modules/test_kubeadm.py b/tests/unit/modules/test_kubeadm.py
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..a58f54f118
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tests/unit/modules/test_kubeadm.py
@@ -0,0 +1,1144 @@
+# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
+#
+# Author: Alberto Planas <aplanas@suse.com>
+#
+# Copyright 2019 SUSE LINUX GmbH, Nuernberg, Germany.
+#
+# Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+# or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+# distributed with this work for additional information
+# regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+# to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+# "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+# with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+#
+#   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+#
+# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
+# software distributed under the License is distributed on an
+# "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
+# KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
+# specific language governing permissions and limitations
+# under the License.
+
+from __future__ import absolute_import, print_function, unicode_literals
+import pytest
+
+# Import Salt Testing Libs
+from tests.support.mixins import LoaderModuleMockMixin
+from tests.support.unit import TestCase, skipIf
+from tests.support.mock import (
+    MagicMock,
+    patch,
+    NO_MOCK,
+    NO_MOCK_REASON
+)
+
+import salt.modules.kubeadm as kubeadm
+from salt.exceptions import CommandExecutionError
+
+
+@skipIf(NO_MOCK, NO_MOCK_REASON)
+class KubeAdmTestCase(TestCase, LoaderModuleMockMixin):
+    '''
+    Test cases for salt.modules.kubeadm
+    '''
+
+    def setup_loader_modules(self):
+        return {
+            kubeadm: {
+                '__salt__': {},
+                '__utils__': {},
+            }
+        }
+
+    def test_version(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.version without parameters
+        '''
+        version = '{"clientVersion":{"major":"1"}}'
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_stdout': MagicMock(return_value=version),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.version() == {
+                'clientVersion': {'major': '1'}
+            }
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_stdout'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'version', '--output', 'json']
+            )
+
+    def test_version_params(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.version with parameters
+        '''
+        version = '{"clientVersion":{"major":"1"}}'
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_stdout': MagicMock(return_value=version),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.version(kubeconfig='/kube.cfg',
+                                   rootfs='/mnt') == {
+                'clientVersion': {'major': '1'}
+            }
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_stdout'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'version',
+                 '--kubeconfig', '/kube.cfg',
+                 '--rootfs', '/mnt',
+                 '--output', 'json']
+            )
+
+    def test_token_create(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.token_create without parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'token'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.token_create() == 'token'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'token', 'create']
+            )
+
+    def test_token_create_params(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.token_create with parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'token'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.token_create(token='token',
+                                        config='/kubeadm.cfg',
+                                        description='a description',
+                                        groups=['g:1', 'g:2'],
+                                        ttl='1h1m1s',
+                                        usages=['u1', 'u2'],
+                                        kubeconfig='/kube.cfg',
+                                        rootfs='/mnt') == 'token'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'token', 'create', 'token',
+                 '--config', '/kubeadm.cfg',
+                 '--description', 'a description',
+                 '--groups', '["g:1", "g:2"]',
+                 '--ttl', '1h1m1s',
+                 '--usages', '["u1", "u2"]',
+                 '--kubeconfig', '/kube.cfg',
+                 '--rootfs', '/mnt'])
+
+    def test_token_create_error(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.token_create error
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 1, 'stderr': 'error'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+                assert kubeadm.token_create()
+
+    def test_token_delete(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.token_delete without parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'deleted'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.token_delete('token')
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'token', 'delete', 'token']
+            )
+
+    def test_token_delete_params(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.token_delete with parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'deleted'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.token_delete('token',
+                                        kubeconfig='/kube.cfg',
+                                        rootfs='/mnt')
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'token', 'delete', 'token',
+                 '--kubeconfig', '/kube.cfg',
+                 '--rootfs', '/mnt'])
+
+    def test_token_delete_error(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.token_delete error
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 1, 'stderr': 'error'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+                assert kubeadm.token_delete('token')
+
+    def test_token_generate(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.token_generate without parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'token'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.token_generate() == 'token'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'token', 'generate']
+            )
+
+    def test_token_generate_params(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.token_generate with parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'token'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.token_generate(kubeconfig='/kube.cfg',
+                                          rootfs='/mnt') == 'token'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'token', 'generate',
+                 '--kubeconfig', '/kube.cfg',
+                 '--rootfs', '/mnt'])
+
+    def test_token_generate_error(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.token_generate error
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 1, 'stderr': 'error'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+                assert kubeadm.token_generate()
+
+    def test_token_list(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.token_list without parameters
+        '''
+        output = 'H1  H2  H31 H32  H4\n1   2   3.1 3.2  4'
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': output}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.token_list() == [{
+                'h1': '1', 'h2': '2', 'h31 h32': '3.1 3.2', 'h4': '4'
+            }]
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'token', 'list']
+            )
+
+    def test_token_list_multiple_lines(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.token_list with multiple tokens
+        '''
+        output = 'H1  H2  H31 H32  H4\n1   2   3.1 3.2  4\na   b   c d      e'
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': output}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.token_list() == [{
+                'h1': '1', 'h2': '2', 'h31 h32': '3.1 3.2', 'h4': '4'
+            }, {
+                'h1': 'a', 'h2': 'b', 'h31 h32': 'c d', 'h4': 'e'
+            }]
+
+    def test_token_list_broken_lines(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.token_list with multiple tokens, one broken
+        '''
+        output = 'H1  H2  H31 H32  H4\n1   2   3.1 3.2  4\na   b   c  d     e'
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': output}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.token_list() == [{
+                'h1': '1', 'h2': '2', 'h31 h32': '3.1 3.2', 'h4': '4'
+            }]
+
+    def test_token_list_params(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.token_list with parameters
+        '''
+        output = 'H1  H2  H31 H32  H4\n1   2   3.1 3.2  4'
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': output}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            result = kubeadm.token_list(kubeconfig='/kube.cfg',
+                                        rootfs='/mnt')
+            assert result == [{
+                'h1': '1', 'h2': '2', 'h31 h32': '3.1 3.2', 'h4': '4'
+            }]
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'token', 'list',
+                 '--kubeconfig', '/kube.cfg',
+                 '--rootfs', '/mnt'])
+
+    def test_token_list_error(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.token_generate error
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 1, 'stderr': 'error'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+                assert kubeadm.token_list()
+
+    def test_alpha_certs_renew(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.alpha_certs_renew without parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.alpha_certs_renew() == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'alpha', 'certs', 'renew']
+            )
+
+    def test_alpha_certs_renew_params(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.alpha_certs_renew with parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.alpha_certs_renew(rootfs='/mnt') == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'alpha', 'certs', 'renew',
+                 '--rootfs', '/mnt'])
+
+    def test_alpha_certs_renew_error(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.alpha_certs_renew error
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 1, 'stderr': 'error'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+                assert kubeadm.alpha_certs_renew()
+
+    def test_alpha_kubeconfig_user(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.alpha_kubeconfig_user without parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.alpha_kubeconfig_user('user') == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'alpha', 'kubeconfig', 'user',
+                 '--client-name', 'user']
+            )
+
+    def test_alpha_kubeconfig_user_params(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.alpha_kubeconfig_user with parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.alpha_kubeconfig_user(
+                'user',
+                apiserver_advertise_address='127.0.0.1',
+                apiserver_bind_port='1234',
+                cert_dir='/pki',
+                org='org',
+                token='token',
+                rootfs='/mnt') == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'alpha', 'kubeconfig', 'user',
+                 '--client-name', 'user',
+                 '--apiserver-advertise-address', '127.0.0.1',
+                 '--apiserver-bind-port', '1234',
+                 '--cert-dir', '/pki',
+                 '--org', 'org',
+                 '--token', 'token',
+                 '--rootfs', '/mnt'])
+
+    def test_alpha_kubeconfig_user_error(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.alpha_kubeconfig_user error
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 1, 'stderr': 'error'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+                assert kubeadm.alpha_kubeconfig_user('user')
+
+    def test_alpha_kubelet_config_download(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.alpha_kubelet_config_download without parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.alpha_kubelet_config_download() == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'alpha', 'kubelet', 'config', 'download']
+            )
+
+    def test_alpha_kubelet_config_download_params(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.alpha_kubelet_config_download with parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.alpha_kubelet_config_download(
+                kubeconfig='/kube.cfg',
+                kubelet_version='version',
+                rootfs='/mnt') == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'alpha', 'kubelet', 'config', 'download',
+                 '--kubeconfig', '/kube.cfg',
+                 '--kubelet-version', 'version',
+                 '--rootfs', '/mnt'])
+
+    def test_alpha_kubelet_config_download_error(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.alpha_kubelet_config_download error
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 1, 'stderr': 'error'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+                assert kubeadm.alpha_kubelet_config_download()
+
+    def test_alpha_kubelet_config_enable_dynamic(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.alpha_kubelet_config_enable_dynamic without parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            result = kubeadm.alpha_kubelet_config_enable_dynamic('node-1')
+            assert result == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'alpha', 'kubelet', 'config', 'enable-dynamic',
+                 '--node-name', 'node-1']
+            )
+
+    def test_alpha_kubelet_config_enable_dynamic_params(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.alpha_kubelet_config_enable_dynamic with parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.alpha_kubelet_config_enable_dynamic(
+                'node-1',
+                kubeconfig='/kube.cfg',
+                kubelet_version='version',
+                rootfs='/mnt') == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'alpha', 'kubelet', 'config', 'enable-dynamic',
+                 '--node-name', 'node-1',
+                 '--kubeconfig', '/kube.cfg',
+                 '--kubelet-version', 'version',
+                 '--rootfs', '/mnt'])
+
+    def test_alpha_kubelet_config_enable_dynamic_error(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.alpha_kubelet_config_enable_dynamic error
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 1, 'stderr': 'error'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+                assert kubeadm.alpha_kubelet_config_enable_dynamic('node-1')
+
+    def test_alpha_selfhosting_pivot(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.alpha_selfhosting_pivot without parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.alpha_selfhosting_pivot() == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'alpha', 'selfhosting', 'pivot', '--force']
+            )
+
+    def test_alpha_selfhosting_pivot_params(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.alpha_selfhosting_pivot with parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.alpha_selfhosting_pivot(
+                cert_dir='/pki',
+                config='/kubeadm.cfg',
+                kubeconfig='/kube.cfg',
+                store_certs_in_secrets=True,
+                rootfs='/mnt') == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'alpha', 'selfhosting', 'pivot', '--force',
+                 '--store-certs-in-secrets',
+                 '--cert-dir', '/pki',
+                 '--config', '/kubeadm.cfg',
+                 '--kubeconfig', '/kube.cfg',
+                 '--rootfs', '/mnt'])
+
+    def test_alpha_selfhosting_pivot_error(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.alpha_selfhosting_pivot error
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 1, 'stderr': 'error'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+                assert kubeadm.alpha_selfhosting_pivot()
+
+    def test_config_images_list(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.config_images_list without parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'image1\nimage2\n'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.config_images_list() == ['image1', 'image2']
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'config', 'images', 'list']
+            )
+
+    def test_config_images_list_params(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.config_images_list with parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'image1\nimage2\n'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.config_images_list(
+                config='/kubeadm.cfg',
+                feature_gates='k=v',
+                kubernetes_version='version',
+                kubeconfig='/kube.cfg',
+                rootfs='/mnt') == ['image1', 'image2']
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'config', 'images', 'list',
+                 '--config', '/kubeadm.cfg',
+                 '--feature-gates', 'k=v',
+                 '--kubernetes-version', 'version',
+                 '--kubeconfig', '/kube.cfg',
+                 '--rootfs', '/mnt'])
+
+    def test_config_images_list_error(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.config_images_list error
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 1, 'stderr': 'error'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+                assert kubeadm.config_images_list()
+
+    def test_config_images_pull(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.config_images_pull without parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0,
+                  'stdout': '[config/images] Pulled image1\n'
+                            '[config/images] Pulled image2\n'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.config_images_pull() == ['image1', 'image2']
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'config', 'images', 'pull']
+            )
+
+    def test_config_images_pull_params(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.config_images_pull with parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0,
+                  'stdout': '[config/images] Pulled image1\n'
+                            '[config/images] Pulled image2\n'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.config_images_pull(
+                config='/kubeadm.cfg',
+                cri_socket='socket',
+                feature_gates='k=v',
+                kubernetes_version='version',
+                kubeconfig='/kube.cfg',
+                rootfs='/mnt') == ['image1', 'image2']
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'config', 'images', 'pull',
+                 '--config', '/kubeadm.cfg',
+                 '--cri-socket', 'socket',
+                 '--feature-gates', 'k=v',
+                 '--kubernetes-version', 'version',
+                 '--kubeconfig', '/kube.cfg',
+                 '--rootfs', '/mnt'])
+
+    def test_config_images_pull_error(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.config_images_pull error
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 1, 'stderr': 'error'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+                assert kubeadm.config_images_pull()
+
+    def test_config_migrate(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.config_migrate without parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.config_migrate('/oldconfig.cfg') == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'config', 'migrate',
+                 '--old-config', '/oldconfig.cfg']
+            )
+
+    def test_config_migrate_params(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.config_migrate with parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.config_migrate(
+                '/oldconfig.cfg',
+                new_config='/newconfig.cfg',
+                kubeconfig='/kube.cfg',
+                rootfs='/mnt') == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'config', 'migrate',
+                 '--old-config', '/oldconfig.cfg',
+                 '--new-config', '/newconfig.cfg',
+                 '--kubeconfig', '/kube.cfg',
+                 '--rootfs', '/mnt'])
+
+    def test_config_migrate_error(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.config_migrate error
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 1, 'stderr': 'error'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+                assert kubeadm.config_migrate('/oldconfig.cfg')
+
+    def test_config_print_init_defaults(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.config_print_init_defaults without parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.config_print_init_defaults() == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'config', 'print', 'init-defaults']
+            )
+
+    def test_config_print_init_defaults_params(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.config_print_init_defaults with parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.config_print_init_defaults(
+                component_configs='component',
+                kubeconfig='/kube.cfg',
+                rootfs='/mnt') == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'config', 'print', 'init-defaults',
+                 '--component-configs', 'component',
+                 '--kubeconfig', '/kube.cfg',
+                 '--rootfs', '/mnt'])
+
+    def test_config_print_init_defaults_error(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.config_print_init_defaults error
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 1, 'stderr': 'error'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+                assert kubeadm.config_print_init_defaults()
+
+    def test_config_print_join_defaults(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.config_print_join_defaults without parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.config_print_join_defaults() == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'config', 'print', 'join-defaults']
+            )
+
+    def test_config_print_join_defaults_params(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.config_print_join_defaults with parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.config_print_join_defaults(
+                component_configs='component',
+                kubeconfig='/kube.cfg',
+                rootfs='/mnt') == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'config', 'print', 'join-defaults',
+                 '--component-configs', 'component',
+                 '--kubeconfig', '/kube.cfg',
+                 '--rootfs', '/mnt'])
+
+    def test_config_print_join_defaults_error(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.config_print_join_defaults error
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 1, 'stderr': 'error'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+                assert kubeadm.config_print_join_defaults()
+
+    def test_config_upload_from_file(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.config_upload_from_file without parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.config_upload_from_file('/config.cfg') == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'config', 'upload', 'from-file',
+                 '--config', '/config.cfg']
+            )
+
+    def test_config_upload_from_file_params(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.config_upload_from_file with parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.config_upload_from_file(
+                '/config.cfg',
+                kubeconfig='/kube.cfg',
+                rootfs='/mnt') == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'config', 'upload', 'from-file',
+                 '--config', '/config.cfg',
+                 '--kubeconfig', '/kube.cfg',
+                 '--rootfs', '/mnt'])
+
+    def test_config_upload_from_file_error(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.config_upload_from_file error
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 1, 'stderr': 'error'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+                assert kubeadm.config_upload_from_file('/config.cfg')
+
+    def test_config_upload_from_flags(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.config_upload_from_flags without parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.config_upload_from_flags() == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'config', 'upload', 'from-flags']
+            )
+
+    def test_config_upload_from_flags_params(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.config_upload_from_flags with parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.config_upload_from_flags(
+                apiserver_advertise_address='127.0.0.1',
+                apiserver_bind_port='1234',
+                apiserver_cert_extra_sans='sans',
+                cert_dir='/pki',
+                cri_socket='socket',
+                feature_gates='k=v',
+                kubernetes_version='version',
+                node_name='node-1',
+                pod_network_cidr='10.1.0.0/12',
+                service_cidr='10.2.0.0/12',
+                service_dns_domain='example.org',
+                kubeconfig='/kube.cfg',
+                rootfs='/mnt') == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'config', 'upload', 'from-flags',
+                 '--apiserver-advertise-address', '127.0.0.1',
+                 '--apiserver-bind-port', '1234',
+                 '--apiserver-cert-extra-sans', 'sans',
+                 '--cert-dir', '/pki',
+                 '--cri-socket', 'socket',
+                 '--feature-gates', 'k=v',
+                 '--kubernetes-version', 'version',
+                 '--node-name', 'node-1',
+                 '--pod-network-cidr', '10.1.0.0/12',
+                 '--service-cidr', '10.2.0.0/12',
+                 '--service-dns-domain', 'example.org',
+                 '--kubeconfig', '/kube.cfg',
+                 '--rootfs', '/mnt'])
+
+    def test_config_upload_from_flags_error(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.config_upload_from_flags error
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 1, 'stderr': 'error'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+                assert kubeadm.config_upload_from_flags()
+
+    def test_config_view(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.config_view without parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.config_view() == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'config', 'view']
+            )
+
+    def test_config_view_params(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.config_view with parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.config_view(
+                kubeconfig='/kube.cfg',
+                rootfs='/mnt') == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'config', 'view',
+                 '--kubeconfig', '/kube.cfg',
+                 '--rootfs', '/mnt'])
+
+    def test_config_view_error(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.config_view error
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 1, 'stderr': 'error'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+                assert kubeadm.config_view()
+
+    def test_init(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.init without parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.init() == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'init']
+            )
+
+    def test_init_params(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.init with parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.init(
+                apiserver_advertise_address='127.0.0.1',
+                apiserver_bind_port='1234',
+                apiserver_cert_extra_sans='sans',
+                cert_dir='/pki',
+                certificate_key='secret',
+                config='/config.cfg',
+                cri_socket='socket',
+                experimental_upload_certs=True,
+                feature_gates='k=v',
+                ignore_preflight_errors='all',
+                image_repository='example.org',
+                kubernetes_version='version',
+                node_name='node-1',
+                pod_network_cidr='10.1.0.0/12',
+                service_cidr='10.2.0.0/12',
+                service_dns_domain='example.org',
+                skip_certificate_key_print=True,
+                skip_phases='all',
+                skip_token_print=True,
+                token='token',
+                token_ttl='1h1m1s',
+                rootfs='/mnt') == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'init',
+                 '--experimental-upload-certs',
+                 '--skip-certificate-key-print',
+                 '--skip-token-print',
+                 '--apiserver-advertise-address', '127.0.0.1',
+                 '--apiserver-bind-port', '1234',
+                 '--apiserver-cert-extra-sans', 'sans',
+                 '--cert-dir', '/pki',
+                 '--certificate-key', 'secret',
+                 '--config', '/config.cfg',
+                 '--cri-socket', 'socket',
+                 '--feature-gates', 'k=v',
+                 '--ignore-preflight-errors', 'all',
+                 '--image-repository', 'example.org',
+                 '--kubernetes-version', 'version',
+                 '--node-name', 'node-1',
+                 '--pod-network-cidr', '10.1.0.0/12',
+                 '--service-cidr', '10.2.0.0/12',
+                 '--service-dns-domain', 'example.org',
+                 '--skip-phases', 'all',
+                 '--token', 'token',
+                 '--token-ttl', '1h1m1s',
+                 '--rootfs', '/mnt'])
+
+    def test_init_error(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.init error
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 1, 'stderr': 'error'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+                assert kubeadm.init()
+
+    def test_join(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.join without parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.join() == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'join']
+            )
+
+    def test_join_params(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.join with parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.join(
+                api_server_endpoint='10.160.65.165:6443',
+                apiserver_advertise_address='127.0.0.1',
+                apiserver_bind_port='1234',
+                certificate_key='secret',
+                config='/config.cfg',
+                cri_socket='socket',
+                discovery_file='/discovery.cfg',
+                discovery_token='token',
+                discovery_token_ca_cert_hash='type:value',
+                discovery_token_unsafe_skip_ca_verification=True,
+                experimental_control_plane=True,
+                ignore_preflight_errors='all',
+                node_name='node-1',
+                skip_phases='all',
+                tls_bootstrap_token='token',
+                token='token',
+                rootfs='/mnt') == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'join',
+                 '10.160.65.165:6443',
+                 '--discovery-token-unsafe-skip-ca-verification',
+                 '--experimental-control-plane',
+                 '--apiserver-advertise-address', '127.0.0.1',
+                 '--apiserver-bind-port', '1234',
+                 '--certificate-key', 'secret',
+                 '--config', '/config.cfg',
+                 '--cri-socket', 'socket',
+                 '--discovery-file', '/discovery.cfg',
+                 '--discovery-token', 'token',
+                 '--discovery-token-ca-cert-hash', 'type:value',
+                 '--ignore-preflight-errors', 'all',
+                 '--node-name', 'node-1',
+                 '--skip-phases', 'all',
+                 '--tls-bootstrap-token', 'token',
+                 '--token', 'token',
+                 '--rootfs', '/mnt'])
+
+    def test_join_error(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.join error
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 1, 'stderr': 'error'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+                assert kubeadm.join()
+
+    def test_reset(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.reset without parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.reset() == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'reset', '--force']
+            )
+
+    def test_reset_params(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.reset with parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert kubeadm.reset(
+                cert_dir='/pki',
+                cri_socket='socket',
+                ignore_preflight_errors='all',
+                kubeconfig='/kube.cfg',
+                rootfs='/mnt') == 'stdout'
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['kubeadm', 'reset', '--force',
+                 '--cert-dir', '/pki',
+                 '--cri-socket', 'socket',
+                 '--ignore-preflight-errors', 'all',
+                 '--kubeconfig', '/kube.cfg',
+                 '--rootfs', '/mnt'])
+
+    def test_reset_error(self):
+        '''
+        Test kuebadm.reset error
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 1, 'stderr': 'error'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(kubeadm.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+                assert kubeadm.reset()
diff --git a/tests/unit/modules/test_rpm_lowpkg.py b/tests/unit/modules/test_rpm_lowpkg.py
index 527c8d3bf8..54b81f6972 100644
--- a/tests/unit/modules/test_rpm_lowpkg.py
+++ b/tests/unit/modules/test_rpm_lowpkg.py
@@ -25,7 +25,7 @@ class RpmTestCase(TestCase, LoaderModuleMockMixin):
     def setup_loader_modules(self):
         return {rpm: {'rpm': MagicMock(return_value=MagicMock)}}
 
-    # 'list_pkgs' function tests: 1
+    # 'list_pkgs' function tests: 2
 
     def test_list_pkgs(self):
         '''
@@ -34,13 +34,24 @@ class RpmTestCase(TestCase, LoaderModuleMockMixin):
         mock = MagicMock(return_value='')
         with patch.dict(rpm.__salt__, {'cmd.run': mock}):
             self.assertDictEqual(rpm.list_pkgs(), {})
+            self.assertFalse(_called_with_root(mock))
 
-    # 'verify' function tests: 1
+    def test_list_pkgs_root(self):
+        '''
+        Test if it list the packages currently installed in a dict,
+        called with root parameter
+        '''
+        mock = MagicMock(return_value='')
+        with patch.dict(rpm.__salt__, {'cmd.run': mock}):
+            rpm.list_pkgs(root='/')
+            self.assertTrue(_called_with_root(mock))
+
+    # 'verify' function tests: 2
 
     def test_verify(self):
         '''
-        Test if it runs an rpm -Va on a system,
-        and returns the results in a dict
+        Test if it runs an rpm -Va on a system, and returns the
+        results in a dict
         '''
         mock = MagicMock(return_value={'stdout': '',
                                        'stderr': '',
@@ -48,8 +59,22 @@ class RpmTestCase(TestCase, LoaderModuleMockMixin):
                                        'pid': 12345})
         with patch.dict(rpm.__salt__, {'cmd.run_all': mock}):
             self.assertDictEqual(rpm.verify('httpd'), {})
+            self.assertFalse(_called_with_root(mock))
 
-    # 'file_list' function tests: 1
+    def test_verify_root(self):
+        '''
+        Test if it runs an rpm -Va on a system, and returns the
+        results in a dict, called with root parameter
+        '''
+        mock = MagicMock(return_value={'stdout': '',
+                                       'stderr': '',
+                                       'retcode': 0,
+                                       'pid': 12345})
+        with patch.dict(rpm.__salt__, {'cmd.run_all': mock}):
+            rpm.verify('httpd', root='/')
+            self.assertTrue(_called_with_root(mock))
+
+    # 'file_list' function tests: 2
 
     def test_file_list(self):
         '''
@@ -59,8 +84,20 @@ class RpmTestCase(TestCase, LoaderModuleMockMixin):
         with patch.dict(rpm.__salt__, {'cmd.run': mock}):
             self.assertDictEqual(rpm.file_list('httpd'),
                                  {'errors': [], 'files': []})
+            self.assertFalse(_called_with_root(mock))
+
+    def test_file_list_root(self):
+        '''
+        Test if it list the files that belong to a package, using the
+        root parameter.
+        '''
+
+        mock = MagicMock(return_value='')
+        with patch.dict(rpm.__salt__, {'cmd.run': mock}):
+            rpm.file_list('httpd', root='/')
+            self.assertTrue(_called_with_root(mock))
 
-    # 'file_dict' function tests: 1
+    # 'file_dict' function tests: 2
 
     def test_file_dict(self):
         '''
@@ -70,6 +107,16 @@ class RpmTestCase(TestCase, LoaderModuleMockMixin):
         with patch.dict(rpm.__salt__, {'cmd.run': mock}):
             self.assertDictEqual(rpm.file_dict('httpd'),
                                  {'errors': [], 'packages': {}})
+            self.assertFalse(_called_with_root(mock))
+
+    def test_file_dict_root(self):
+        '''
+        Test if it list the files that belong to a package
+        '''
+        mock = MagicMock(return_value='')
+        with patch.dict(rpm.__salt__, {'cmd.run': mock}):
+            rpm.file_dict('httpd', root='/')
+            self.assertTrue(_called_with_root(mock))
 
     # 'owner' function tests: 1
 
@@ -83,6 +130,7 @@ class RpmTestCase(TestCase, LoaderModuleMockMixin):
         mock = MagicMock(return_value=ret)
         with patch.dict(rpm.__salt__, {'cmd.run_stdout': mock}):
             self.assertEqual(rpm.owner('/usr/bin/salt-jenkins-build'), '')
+            self.assertFalse(_called_with_root(mock))
 
         ret = {'/usr/bin/vim': 'vim-enhanced-7.4.160-1.e17.x86_64',
                '/usr/bin/python': 'python-2.7.5-16.e17.x86_64'}
@@ -91,8 +139,22 @@ class RpmTestCase(TestCase, LoaderModuleMockMixin):
         with patch.dict(rpm.__salt__, {'cmd.run_stdout': mock}):
             self.assertDictEqual(rpm.owner('/usr/bin/python', '/usr/bin/vim'),
                                  ret)
+            self.assertFalse(_called_with_root(mock))
+
+    def test_owner_root(self):
+        '''
+        Test if it return the name of the package that owns the file,
+        using the parameter root.
+        '''
+        self.assertEqual(rpm.owner(), '')
+
+        ret = 'file /usr/bin/salt-jenkins-build is not owned by any package'
+        mock = MagicMock(return_value=ret)
+        with patch.dict(rpm.__salt__, {'cmd.run_stdout': mock}):
+            rpm.owner('/usr/bin/salt-jenkins-build', root='/')
+            self.assertTrue(_called_with_root(mock))
 
-    # 'checksum' function tests: 1
+    # 'checksum' function tests: 2
 
     def test_checksum(self):
         '''
@@ -107,6 +169,17 @@ class RpmTestCase(TestCase, LoaderModuleMockMixin):
         mock = MagicMock(side_effect=[True, 0, True, 1, False, 0])
         with patch.dict(rpm.__salt__, {'file.file_exists': mock, 'cmd.retcode': mock}):
             self.assertDictEqual(rpm.checksum("file1.rpm", "file2.rpm", "file3.rpm"), ret)
+            self.assertFalse(_called_with_root(mock))
+
+    def test_checksum_root(self):
+        '''
+        Test if checksum validate as expected, using the parameter
+        root
+        '''
+        mock = MagicMock(side_effect=[True, 0])
+        with patch.dict(rpm.__salt__, {'file.file_exists': mock, 'cmd.retcode': mock}):
+            rpm.checksum("file1.rpm", root='/')
+            self.assertTrue(_called_with_root(mock))
 
     def test_version_cmp_rpm(self):
         '''
diff --git a/tests/unit/modules/test_systemd_service.py b/tests/unit/modules/test_systemd_service.py
index 13ddc394be..752fb1d659 100644
--- a/tests/unit/modules/test_systemd_service.py
+++ b/tests/unit/modules/test_systemd_service.py
@@ -7,6 +7,8 @@
 from __future__ import absolute_import, unicode_literals, print_function
 import os
 
+import pytest
+
 # Import Salt Testing Libs
 from tests.support.mixins import LoaderModuleMockMixin
 from tests.support.unit import TestCase
@@ -643,3 +645,54 @@ class SystemdScopeTestCase(TestCase, LoaderModuleMockMixin):
 
     def test_unmask_runtime(self):
         self._mask_unmask('unmask_', True)
+
+    def test_firstboot(self):
+        '''
+        Test service.firstboot without parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(systemd.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert systemd.firstboot()
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(['systemd-firstboot'])
+
+    def test_firstboot_params(self):
+        '''
+        Test service.firstboot with parameters
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 0, 'stdout': 'stdout'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(systemd.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert systemd.firstboot(
+                locale='en_US.UTF-8',
+                locale_message='en_US.UTF-8',
+                keymap='jp',
+                timezone='Europe/Berlin',
+                hostname='node-001',
+                machine_id='1234567890abcdef',
+                root='/mnt')
+            salt_mock['cmd.run_all'].assert_called_with(
+                ['systemd-firstboot',
+                 '--locale', 'en_US.UTF-8',
+                 '--locale-message', 'en_US.UTF-8',
+                 '--keymap', 'jp',
+                 '--timezone', 'Europe/Berlin',
+                 '--hostname', 'node-001',
+                 '--machine-ID', '1234567890abcdef',
+                 '--root', '/mnt'])
+
+    def test_firstboot_error(self):
+        '''
+        Test service.firstboot error
+        '''
+        result = {'retcode': 1, 'stderr': 'error'}
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run_all': MagicMock(return_value=result),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(systemd.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+                assert systemd.firstboot()
diff --git a/tests/unit/modules/test_zypperpkg.py b/tests/unit/modules/test_zypperpkg.py
index 956902eab3..3a6466f061 100644
--- a/tests/unit/modules/test_zypperpkg.py
+++ b/tests/unit/modules/test_zypperpkg.py
@@ -38,6 +38,9 @@ class ZyppCallMock(object):
         return self
 
     def __call__(self, *args, **kwargs):
+        # If the call is for a configuration modifier, we return self
+        if any(i in kwargs for i in ('no_repo_failure', 'systemd_scope', 'root')):
+            return self
         return MagicMock(return_value=self.__return_value)()
 
 
@@ -926,7 +929,7 @@ Repository 'DUMMY' not found by its alias, number, or URI.
                     'pico': '0.1.1',
                 }
 
-            def __call__(self):
+            def __call__(self, root=None, includes=None):
                 pkgs = self._pkgs.copy()
                 for target in self._packages:
                     if self._pkgs.get(target):
@@ -992,10 +995,10 @@ Repository 'DUMMY' not found by its alias, number, or URI.
         with zypper_patcher:
             zypper.mod_repo(name, **{'url': url})
             self.assertEqual(
-                zypper.__zypper__.xml.call.call_args_list,
+                zypper.__zypper__(root=None).xml.call.call_args_list,
                 [call('ar', url, name)]
             )
-            self.assertTrue(zypper.__zypper__.refreshable.xml.call.call_count == 0)
+            self.assertTrue(zypper.__zypper__(root=None).refreshable.xml.call.call_count == 0)
 
     def test_repo_noadd_nomod_noref(self):
         '''
@@ -1017,8 +1020,8 @@ Repository 'DUMMY' not found by its alias, number, or URI.
             self.assertEqual(
                 out['comment'],
                 'Specified arguments did not result in modification of repo')
-            self.assertTrue(zypper.__zypper__.xml.call.call_count == 0)
-            self.assertTrue(zypper.__zypper__.refreshable.xml.call.call_count == 0)
+            self.assertTrue(zypper.__zypper__(root=None).xml.call.call_count == 0)
+            self.assertTrue(zypper.__zypper__(root=None).refreshable.xml.call.call_count == 0)
 
     def test_repo_noadd_modbaseurl_ref(self):
         '''
@@ -1046,9 +1049,11 @@ Repository 'DUMMY' not found by its alias, number, or URI.
                 'priority': 1,
                 'cache': False,
                 'keeppackages': False,
-                'type': 'rpm-md'}
-            self.assertTrue(zypper.mod_repo.call_count == 2)
-            self.assertTrue(zypper.mod_repo.mock_calls[1] == call(name, **expected_params))
+                'type': 'rpm-md',
+                'root': None,
+            }
+            self.assertEqual(zypper.mod_repo.call_count, 2)
+            self.assertEqual(zypper.mod_repo.mock_calls[1], call(name, **expected_params))
 
     def test_repo_add_mod_noref(self):
         '''
@@ -1064,10 +1069,10 @@ Repository 'DUMMY' not found by its alias, number, or URI.
         with zypper_patcher:
             zypper.mod_repo(name, **{'url': url, 'refresh': True})
             self.assertEqual(
-                zypper.__zypper__.xml.call.call_args_list,
+                zypper.__zypper__(root=None).xml.call.call_args_list,
                 [call('ar', url, name)]
             )
-            zypper.__zypper__.refreshable.xml.call.assert_called_once_with(
+            zypper.__zypper__(root=None).refreshable.xml.call.assert_called_once_with(
                 'mr', '--refresh', name
             )
 
@@ -1086,8 +1091,8 @@ Repository 'DUMMY' not found by its alias, number, or URI.
             'salt.modules.zypperpkg', **self.zypper_patcher_config)
         with zypper_patcher:
             zypper.mod_repo(name, **{'url': url, 'refresh': True})
-            self.assertTrue(zypper.__zypper__.xml.call.call_count == 0)
-            zypper.__zypper__.refreshable.xml.call.assert_called_once_with(
+            self.assertTrue(zypper.__zypper__(root=None).xml.call.call_count == 0)
+            zypper.__zypper__(root=None).refreshable.xml.call.assert_called_once_with(
                 'mr', '--refresh', name
             )
 
@@ -1106,13 +1111,13 @@ Repository 'DUMMY' not found by its alias, number, or URI.
         with zypper_patcher:
             zypper.mod_repo(name, **{'url': url, 'gpgautoimport': True})
             self.assertEqual(
-                zypper.__zypper__.xml.call.call_args_list,
+                zypper.__zypper__(root=None).xml.call.call_args_list,
                 [
                     call('ar', url, name),
                     call('--gpg-auto-import-keys', 'refresh', name)
                 ]
             )
-            self.assertTrue(zypper.__zypper__.refreshable.xml.call.call_count == 0)
+            self.assertTrue(zypper.__zypper__(root=None).refreshable.xml.call.call_count == 0)
 
     def test_repo_noadd_nomod_ref(self):
         '''
@@ -1133,10 +1138,10 @@ Repository 'DUMMY' not found by its alias, number, or URI.
         with zypper_patcher:
             zypper.mod_repo(name, **{'url': url, 'gpgautoimport': True})
             self.assertEqual(
-                zypper.__zypper__.xml.call.call_args_list,
+                zypper.__zypper__(root=None).xml.call.call_args_list,
                 [call('--gpg-auto-import-keys', 'refresh', name)]
             )
-            self.assertTrue(zypper.__zypper__.refreshable.xml.call.call_count == 0)
+            self.assertTrue(zypper.__zypper__(root=None).refreshable.xml.call.call_count == 0)
 
     def test_repo_add_mod_ref(self):
         '''
@@ -1157,13 +1162,13 @@ Repository 'DUMMY' not found by its alias, number, or URI.
                 **{'url': url, 'refresh': True, 'gpgautoimport': True}
             )
             self.assertEqual(
-                zypper.__zypper__.xml.call.call_args_list,
+                zypper.__zypper__(root=None).xml.call.call_args_list,
                 [
                     call('ar', url, name),
                     call('--gpg-auto-import-keys', 'refresh', name)
                 ]
             )
-            zypper.__zypper__.refreshable.xml.call.assert_called_once_with(
+            zypper.__zypper__(root=None).refreshable.xml.call.assert_called_once_with(
                 '--gpg-auto-import-keys', 'mr', '--refresh', name
             )
 
@@ -1189,10 +1194,10 @@ Repository 'DUMMY' not found by its alias, number, or URI.
                 **{'url': url, 'refresh': True, 'gpgautoimport': True}
             )
             self.assertEqual(
-                zypper.__zypper__.xml.call.call_args_list,
+                zypper.__zypper__(root=None).xml.call.call_args_list,
                 [call('--gpg-auto-import-keys', 'refresh', name)]
             )
-            zypper.__zypper__.refreshable.xml.call.assert_called_once_with(
+            zypper.__zypper__(root=None).refreshable.xml.call.assert_called_once_with(
                 '--gpg-auto-import-keys', 'mr', '--refresh', name
             )
 
@@ -1369,3 +1374,58 @@ Repository 'DUMMY' not found by its alias, number, or URI.
         with self.assertRaises(CommandExecutionError):
             for op in ['>>', '==', '<<', '+']:
                 zypper.Wildcard(_zpr)('libzypp', '{0}*.1'.format(op))
+
+    @patch('salt.modules.zypperpkg._get_visible_patterns')
+    def test__get_installed_patterns(self, get_visible_patterns):
+        '''Test installed patterns in the system'''
+        get_visible_patterns.return_value = {
+            'package-a': {
+                'installed': True,
+                'summary': 'description a',
+            },
+            'package-b': {
+                'installed': False,
+                'summary': 'description b',
+            },
+        }
+
+        salt_mock = {
+            'cmd.run': MagicMock(return_value='''pattern() = package-a
+pattern-visible()
+pattern() = package-c'''),
+        }
+        with patch.dict('salt.modules.zypperpkg.__salt__', salt_mock):
+            assert zypper._get_installed_patterns() == {
+                'package-a': {
+                    'installed': True,
+                    'summary': 'description a',
+                },
+                'package-c': {
+                    'installed': True,
+                    'summary': 'Non-visible pattern',
+                },
+            }
+
+    @patch('salt.modules.zypperpkg._get_visible_patterns')
+    def test_list_patterns(self, get_visible_patterns):
+        '''Test available patterns in the repo'''
+        get_visible_patterns.return_value = {
+            'package-a': {
+                'installed': True,
+                'summary': 'description a',
+            },
+            'package-b': {
+                'installed': False,
+                'summary': 'description b',
+            },
+        }
+        assert zypper.list_patterns() == {
+            'package-a': {
+                'installed': True,
+                'summary': 'description a',
+            },
+            'package-b': {
+                'installed': False,
+                'summary': 'description b',
+            },
+        }
diff --git a/tests/unit/states/test_btrfs.py b/tests/unit/states/test_btrfs.py
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..3f45ed94f9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tests/unit/states/test_btrfs.py
@@ -0,0 +1,782 @@
+# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
+#
+# Author: Alberto Planas <aplanas@suse.com>
+#
+# Copyright 2018 SUSE LINUX GmbH, Nuernberg, Germany.
+#
+# Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+# or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+# distributed with this work for additional information
+# regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+# to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+# "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+# with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+#
+#   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+#
+# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
+# software distributed under the License is distributed on an
+# "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
+# KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
+# specific language governing permissions and limitations
+# under the License.
+
+'''
+:maintainer:    Alberto Planas <aplanas@suse.com>
+:platform:      Linux
+'''
+# Import Python Libs
+from __future__ import absolute_import, print_function, unicode_literals
+# Import Salt Testing Libs
+from tests.support.mixins import LoaderModuleMockMixin
+from tests.support.unit import skipIf, TestCase
+from tests.support.mock import (
+    MagicMock,
+    NO_MOCK,
+    NO_MOCK_REASON,
+    patch,
+)
+
+from salt.exceptions import CommandExecutionError
+import salt.states.btrfs as btrfs
+
+import pytest
+
+
+@skipIf(NO_MOCK, NO_MOCK_REASON)
+class BtrfsTestCase(TestCase, LoaderModuleMockMixin):
+    '''
+    Test cases for salt.states.btrfs
+    '''
+
+    def setup_loader_modules(self):
+        return {
+            btrfs: {
+                '__salt__': {},
+                '__states__': {},
+                '__utils__': {},
+            }
+        }
+
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._umount')
+    @patch('tempfile.mkdtemp')
+    def test__mount_fails(self, mkdtemp, umount):
+        '''
+        Test mounting a device in a temporary place.
+        '''
+        mkdtemp.return_value = '/tmp/xxx'
+        states_mock = {
+            'mount.mounted': MagicMock(return_value={'result': False}),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(btrfs.__states__, states_mock):
+            assert btrfs._mount('/dev/sda1', use_default=False) is None
+            mkdtemp.assert_called_once()
+            states_mock['mount.mounted'].assert_called_with('/tmp/xxx',
+                                                            device='/dev/sda1',
+                                                            fstype='btrfs',
+                                                            opts='subvol=/',
+                                                            persist=False)
+            umount.assert_called_with('/tmp/xxx')
+
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._umount')
+    @patch('tempfile.mkdtemp')
+    def test__mount(self, mkdtemp, umount):
+        '''
+        Test mounting a device in a temporary place.
+        '''
+        mkdtemp.return_value = '/tmp/xxx'
+        states_mock = {
+            'mount.mounted': MagicMock(return_value={'result': True}),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(btrfs.__states__, states_mock):
+            assert btrfs._mount('/dev/sda1', use_default=False) == '/tmp/xxx'
+            mkdtemp.assert_called_once()
+            states_mock['mount.mounted'].assert_called_with('/tmp/xxx',
+                                                            device='/dev/sda1',
+                                                            fstype='btrfs',
+                                                            opts='subvol=/',
+                                                            persist=False)
+            umount.assert_not_called()
+
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._umount')
+    @patch('tempfile.mkdtemp')
+    def test__mount_use_default(self, mkdtemp, umount):
+        '''
+        Test mounting a device in a temporary place.
+        '''
+        mkdtemp.return_value = '/tmp/xxx'
+        states_mock = {
+            'mount.mounted': MagicMock(return_value={'result': True}),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(btrfs.__states__, states_mock):
+            assert btrfs._mount('/dev/sda1', use_default=True) == '/tmp/xxx'
+            mkdtemp.assert_called_once()
+            states_mock['mount.mounted'].assert_called_with('/tmp/xxx',
+                                                            device='/dev/sda1',
+                                                            fstype='btrfs',
+                                                            opts='defaults',
+                                                            persist=False)
+            umount.assert_not_called()
+
+    def test__umount(self):
+        '''
+        Test umounting and cleanning temporary place.
+        '''
+        states_mock = {
+            'mount.unmounted': MagicMock(),
+        }
+        utils_mock = {
+            'files.rm_rf': MagicMock(),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(btrfs.__states__, states_mock), \
+                patch.dict(btrfs.__utils__, utils_mock):
+            btrfs._umount('/tmp/xxx')
+            states_mock['mount.unmounted'].assert_called_with('/tmp/xxx')
+            utils_mock['files.rm_rf'].assert_called_with('/tmp/xxx')
+
+    def test__is_default_not_default(self):
+        '''
+        Test if the subvolume is the current default.
+        '''
+        salt_mock = {
+            'btrfs.subvolume_show': MagicMock(return_value={
+                '@/var': {'subvolume id': '256'},
+            }),
+            'btrfs.subvolume_get_default': MagicMock(return_value={
+                'id': '5',
+            }),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(btrfs.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert not btrfs._is_default('/tmp/xxx/@/var', '/tmp/xxx', '@/var')
+            salt_mock['btrfs.subvolume_show'].assert_called_with('/tmp/xxx/@/var')
+            salt_mock['btrfs.subvolume_get_default'].assert_called_with('/tmp/xxx')
+
+    def test__is_default(self):
+        '''
+        Test if the subvolume is the current default.
+        '''
+        salt_mock = {
+            'btrfs.subvolume_show': MagicMock(return_value={
+                '@/var': {'subvolume id': '256'},
+            }),
+            'btrfs.subvolume_get_default': MagicMock(return_value={
+                'id': '256',
+            }),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(btrfs.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert btrfs._is_default('/tmp/xxx/@/var', '/tmp/xxx', '@/var')
+            salt_mock['btrfs.subvolume_show'].assert_called_with('/tmp/xxx/@/var')
+            salt_mock['btrfs.subvolume_get_default'].assert_called_with('/tmp/xxx')
+
+    def test__set_default(self):
+        '''
+        Test setting a subvolume as the current default.
+        '''
+        salt_mock = {
+            'btrfs.subvolume_show': MagicMock(return_value={
+                '@/var': {'subvolume id': '256'},
+            }),
+            'btrfs.subvolume_set_default': MagicMock(return_value=True),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(btrfs.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert btrfs._set_default('/tmp/xxx/@/var', '/tmp/xxx', '@/var')
+            salt_mock['btrfs.subvolume_show'].assert_called_with('/tmp/xxx/@/var')
+            salt_mock['btrfs.subvolume_set_default'].assert_called_with('256', '/tmp/xxx')
+
+    def test__is_cow_not_cow(self):
+        '''
+        Test if the subvolume is copy on write.
+        '''
+        salt_mock = {
+            'file.lsattr': MagicMock(return_value={
+                '/tmp/xxx/@/var': ['C'],
+            }),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(btrfs.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert not btrfs._is_cow('/tmp/xxx/@/var')
+            salt_mock['file.lsattr'].assert_called_with('/tmp/xxx/@')
+
+    def test__is_cow(self):
+        '''
+        Test if the subvolume is copy on write.
+        '''
+        salt_mock = {
+            'file.lsattr': MagicMock(return_value={
+                '/tmp/xxx/@/var': [],
+            }),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(btrfs.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert btrfs._is_cow('/tmp/xxx/@/var')
+            salt_mock['file.lsattr'].assert_called_with('/tmp/xxx/@')
+
+    def test__unset_cow(self):
+        '''
+        Test disabling the subvolume as copy on write.
+        '''
+        salt_mock = {
+            'file.chattr': MagicMock(return_value=True),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(btrfs.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert btrfs._unset_cow('/tmp/xxx/@/var')
+            salt_mock['file.chattr'].assert_called_with('/tmp/xxx/@/var',
+                                                        operator='add',
+                                                        attributes='C')
+
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._umount')
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._mount')
+    def test_subvolume_created_exists(self, mount, umount):
+        '''
+        Test creating a subvolume.
+        '''
+        mount.return_value = '/tmp/xxx'
+        salt_mock = {
+            'btrfs.subvolume_exists': MagicMock(return_value=True),
+        }
+        opts_mock = {
+            'test': False,
+        }
+        with patch.dict(btrfs.__salt__, salt_mock), \
+                patch.dict(btrfs.__opts__, opts_mock):
+            assert btrfs.subvolume_created(name='@/var',
+                                           device='/dev/sda1') == {
+                'name': '@/var',
+                'result': True,
+                'changes': {},
+                'comment': ['Subvolume @/var already present'],
+            }
+            salt_mock['btrfs.subvolume_exists'].assert_called_with('/tmp/xxx/@/var')
+            mount.assert_called_once()
+            umount.assert_called_once()
+
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._umount')
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._mount')
+    def test_subvolume_created_exists_test(self, mount, umount):
+        '''
+        Test creating a subvolume.
+        '''
+        mount.return_value = '/tmp/xxx'
+        salt_mock = {
+            'btrfs.subvolume_exists': MagicMock(return_value=True),
+        }
+        opts_mock = {
+            'test': True,
+        }
+        with patch.dict(btrfs.__salt__, salt_mock), \
+                patch.dict(btrfs.__opts__, opts_mock):
+            assert btrfs.subvolume_created(name='@/var',
+                                           device='/dev/sda1') == {
+                'name': '@/var',
+                'result': None,
+                'changes': {},
+                'comment': ['Subvolume @/var already present'],
+            }
+            salt_mock['btrfs.subvolume_exists'].assert_called_with('/tmp/xxx/@/var')
+            mount.assert_called_once()
+            umount.assert_called_once()
+
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._is_default')
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._umount')
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._mount')
+    def test_subvolume_created_exists_was_default(self, mount, umount,
+                                                  is_default):
+        '''
+        Test creating a subvolume.
+        '''
+        mount.return_value = '/tmp/xxx'
+        is_default.return_value = True
+        salt_mock = {
+            'btrfs.subvolume_exists': MagicMock(return_value=True),
+        }
+        opts_mock = {
+            'test': False,
+        }
+        with patch.dict(btrfs.__salt__, salt_mock), \
+                patch.dict(btrfs.__opts__, opts_mock):
+            assert btrfs.subvolume_created(name='@/var',
+                                           device='/dev/sda1',
+                                           set_default=True) == {
+                'name': '@/var',
+                'result': True,
+                'changes': {},
+                'comment': ['Subvolume @/var already present'],
+            }
+            salt_mock['btrfs.subvolume_exists'].assert_called_with('/tmp/xxx/@/var')
+            mount.assert_called_once()
+            umount.assert_called_once()
+
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._set_default')
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._is_default')
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._umount')
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._mount')
+    def test_subvolume_created_exists_set_default(self, mount, umount,
+                                                  is_default, set_default):
+        '''
+        Test creating a subvolume.
+        '''
+        mount.return_value = '/tmp/xxx'
+        is_default.return_value = False
+        set_default.return_value = True
+        salt_mock = {
+            'btrfs.subvolume_exists': MagicMock(return_value=True),
+        }
+        opts_mock = {
+            'test': False,
+        }
+        with patch.dict(btrfs.__salt__, salt_mock), \
+                patch.dict(btrfs.__opts__, opts_mock):
+            assert btrfs.subvolume_created(name='@/var',
+                                           device='/dev/sda1',
+                                           set_default=True) == {
+                'name': '@/var',
+                'result': True,
+                'changes': {
+                    '@/var_default': True
+                },
+                'comment': ['Subvolume @/var already present'],
+            }
+            salt_mock['btrfs.subvolume_exists'].assert_called_with('/tmp/xxx/@/var')
+            mount.assert_called_once()
+            umount.assert_called_once()
+
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._set_default')
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._is_default')
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._umount')
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._mount')
+    def test_subvolume_created_exists_set_default_no_force(self,
+                                                           mount,
+                                                           umount,
+                                                           is_default,
+                                                           set_default):
+        '''
+        Test creating a subvolume.
+        '''
+        mount.return_value = '/tmp/xxx'
+        is_default.return_value = False
+        set_default.return_value = True
+        salt_mock = {
+            'btrfs.subvolume_exists': MagicMock(return_value=True),
+        }
+        opts_mock = {
+            'test': False,
+        }
+        with patch.dict(btrfs.__salt__, salt_mock), \
+                patch.dict(btrfs.__opts__, opts_mock):
+            assert btrfs.subvolume_created(name='@/var',
+                                           device='/dev/sda1',
+                                           set_default=True,
+                                           force_set_default=False) == {
+                'name': '@/var',
+                'result': True,
+                'changes': {},
+                'comment': ['Subvolume @/var already present'],
+            }
+            salt_mock['btrfs.subvolume_exists'].assert_called_with('/tmp/xxx/@/var')
+            mount.assert_called_once()
+            umount.assert_called_once()
+
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._is_cow')
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._umount')
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._mount')
+    def test_subvolume_created_exists_no_cow(self, mount, umount, is_cow):
+        '''
+        Test creating a subvolume.
+        '''
+        mount.return_value = '/tmp/xxx'
+        is_cow.return_value = False
+        salt_mock = {
+            'btrfs.subvolume_exists': MagicMock(return_value=True),
+        }
+        opts_mock = {
+            'test': False,
+        }
+        with patch.dict(btrfs.__salt__, salt_mock), \
+                patch.dict(btrfs.__opts__, opts_mock):
+            assert btrfs.subvolume_created(name='@/var',
+                                           device='/dev/sda1',
+                                           copy_on_write=False) == {
+                'name': '@/var',
+                'result': True,
+                'changes': {},
+                'comment': ['Subvolume @/var already present'],
+            }
+            salt_mock['btrfs.subvolume_exists'].assert_called_with('/tmp/xxx/@/var')
+            mount.assert_called_once()
+            umount.assert_called_once()
+
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._unset_cow')
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._is_cow')
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._umount')
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._mount')
+    def test_subvolume_created_exists_unset_cow(self, mount, umount,
+                                                is_cow, unset_cow):
+        '''
+        Test creating a subvolume.
+        '''
+        mount.return_value = '/tmp/xxx'
+        is_cow.return_value = True
+        unset_cow.return_value = True
+        salt_mock = {
+            'btrfs.subvolume_exists': MagicMock(return_value=True),
+        }
+        opts_mock = {
+            'test': False,
+        }
+        with patch.dict(btrfs.__salt__, salt_mock), \
+                patch.dict(btrfs.__opts__, opts_mock):
+            assert btrfs.subvolume_created(name='@/var',
+                                           device='/dev/sda1',
+                                           copy_on_write=False) == {
+                'name': '@/var',
+                'result': True,
+                'changes': {
+                    '@/var_no_cow': True
+                },
+                'comment': ['Subvolume @/var already present'],
+            }
+            salt_mock['btrfs.subvolume_exists'].assert_called_with('/tmp/xxx/@/var')
+            mount.assert_called_once()
+            umount.assert_called_once()
+
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._umount')
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._mount')
+    def test_subvolume_created(self, mount, umount):
+        '''
+        Test creating a subvolume.
+        '''
+        mount.return_value = '/tmp/xxx'
+        salt_mock = {
+            'btrfs.subvolume_exists': MagicMock(return_value=False),
+            'btrfs.subvolume_create': MagicMock(),
+        }
+        states_mock = {
+            'file.directory': MagicMock(return_value={'result': True}),
+        }
+        opts_mock = {
+            'test': False,
+        }
+        with patch.dict(btrfs.__salt__, salt_mock), \
+                patch.dict(btrfs.__states__, states_mock), \
+                patch.dict(btrfs.__opts__, opts_mock):
+            assert btrfs.subvolume_created(name='@/var',
+                                           device='/dev/sda1') == {
+                'name': '@/var',
+                'result': True,
+                'changes': {
+                    '@/var': 'Created subvolume @/var'
+                },
+                'comment': [],
+            }
+            salt_mock['btrfs.subvolume_exists'].assert_called_with('/tmp/xxx/@/var')
+            salt_mock['btrfs.subvolume_create'].assert_called_once()
+            mount.assert_called_once()
+            umount.assert_called_once()
+
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._umount')
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._mount')
+    def test_subvolume_created_fails_directory(self, mount, umount):
+        '''
+        Test creating a subvolume.
+        '''
+        mount.return_value = '/tmp/xxx'
+        salt_mock = {
+            'btrfs.subvolume_exists': MagicMock(return_value=False),
+        }
+        states_mock = {
+            'file.directory': MagicMock(return_value={'result': False}),
+        }
+        opts_mock = {
+            'test': False,
+        }
+        with patch.dict(btrfs.__salt__, salt_mock), \
+                patch.dict(btrfs.__states__, states_mock), \
+                patch.dict(btrfs.__opts__, opts_mock):
+            assert btrfs.subvolume_created(name='@/var',
+                                           device='/dev/sda1') == {
+                'name': '@/var',
+                'result': False,
+                'changes': {},
+                'comment': ['Error creating /tmp/xxx/@ directory'],
+            }
+            salt_mock['btrfs.subvolume_exists'].assert_called_with('/tmp/xxx/@/var')
+            mount.assert_called_once()
+            umount.assert_called_once()
+
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._umount')
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._mount')
+    def test_subvolume_created_fails(self, mount, umount):
+        '''
+        Test creating a subvolume.
+        '''
+        mount.return_value = '/tmp/xxx'
+        salt_mock = {
+            'btrfs.subvolume_exists': MagicMock(return_value=False),
+            'btrfs.subvolume_create': MagicMock(side_effect=CommandExecutionError),
+        }
+        states_mock = {
+            'file.directory': MagicMock(return_value={'result': True}),
+        }
+        opts_mock = {
+            'test': False,
+        }
+        with patch.dict(btrfs.__salt__, salt_mock), \
+                patch.dict(btrfs.__states__, states_mock), \
+                patch.dict(btrfs.__opts__, opts_mock):
+            assert btrfs.subvolume_created(name='@/var',
+                                           device='/dev/sda1') == {
+                'name': '@/var',
+                'result': False,
+                'changes': {},
+                'comment': ['Error creating subvolume @/var'],
+            }
+            salt_mock['btrfs.subvolume_exists'].assert_called_with('/tmp/xxx/@/var')
+            salt_mock['btrfs.subvolume_create'].assert_called_once()
+            mount.assert_called_once()
+            umount.assert_called_once()
+
+    def test_diff_properties_fails(self):
+        '''
+        Test when diff_properties do not found a property
+        '''
+        expected = {
+            'wrong_property': True
+        }
+        current = {
+            'compression': {
+                'description': 'Set/get compression for a file or directory',
+                'value': 'N/A',
+            },
+            'label': {
+                'description': 'Set/get label of device.',
+                'value': 'N/A',
+            },
+            'ro': {
+                'description': 'Set/get read-only flag or subvolume',
+                'value': 'N/A',
+            },
+        }
+        with pytest.raises(Exception):
+            btrfs._diff_properties(expected, current)
+
+    def test_diff_properties_enable_ro(self):
+        '''
+        Test when diff_properties enable one single property
+        '''
+        expected = {
+            'ro': True
+        }
+        current = {
+            'compression': {
+                'description': 'Set/get compression for a file or directory',
+                'value': 'N/A',
+            },
+            'label': {
+                'description': 'Set/get label of device.',
+                'value': 'N/A',
+            },
+            'ro': {
+                'description': 'Set/get read-only flag or subvolume',
+                'value': 'N/A',
+            },
+        }
+        assert btrfs._diff_properties(expected, current) == {'ro': True}
+
+    def test_diff_properties_only_enable_ro(self):
+        '''
+        Test when diff_properties is half ready
+        '''
+        expected = {
+            'ro': True,
+            'label': 'mylabel'
+        }
+        current = {
+            'compression': {
+                'description': 'Set/get compression for a file or directory',
+                'value': 'N/A',
+            },
+            'label': {
+                'description': 'Set/get label of device.',
+                'value': 'mylabel',
+            },
+            'ro': {
+                'description': 'Set/get read-only flag or subvolume',
+                'value': 'N/A',
+            },
+        }
+        assert btrfs._diff_properties(expected, current) == {'ro': True}
+
+    def test_diff_properties_disable_ro(self):
+        '''
+        Test when diff_properties enable one single property
+        '''
+        expected = {
+            'ro': False
+        }
+        current = {
+            'compression': {
+                'description': 'Set/get compression for a file or directory',
+                'value': 'N/A',
+            },
+            'label': {
+                'description': 'Set/get label of device.',
+                'value': 'N/A',
+            },
+            'ro': {
+                'description': 'Set/get read-only flag or subvolume',
+                'value': True,
+            },
+        }
+        assert btrfs._diff_properties(expected, current) == {'ro': False}
+
+    def test_diff_properties_emty_na(self):
+        '''
+        Test when diff_properties is already disabled as N/A
+        '''
+        expected = {
+            'ro': False
+        }
+        current = {
+            'compression': {
+                'description': 'Set/get compression for a file or directory',
+                'value': 'N/A',
+            },
+            'label': {
+                'description': 'Set/get label of device.',
+                'value': 'N/A',
+            },
+            'ro': {
+                'description': 'Set/get read-only flag or subvolume',
+                'value': 'N/A',
+            },
+        }
+        assert btrfs._diff_properties(expected, current) == {}
+
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._umount')
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._mount')
+    @patch('os.path.exists')
+    def test_properties_subvolume_not_exists(self, exists, mount, umount):
+        '''
+        Test when subvolume is not present
+        '''
+        exists.return_value = False
+        mount.return_value = '/tmp/xxx'
+        assert btrfs.properties(name='@/var',
+                                device='/dev/sda1') == {
+                'name': '@/var',
+                'result': False,
+                'changes': {},
+                'comment': ['Object @/var not found'],
+            }
+        mount.assert_called_once()
+        umount.assert_called_once()
+
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._umount')
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._mount')
+    @patch('os.path.exists')
+    def test_properties_default_root_subvolume(self, exists, mount, umount):
+        '''
+        Test when root subvolume resolves to another subvolume
+        '''
+        exists.return_value = False
+        mount.return_value = '/tmp/xxx'
+        assert btrfs.properties(name='/',
+                                device='/dev/sda1') == {
+                'name': '/',
+                'result': False,
+                'changes': {},
+                'comment': ['Object / not found'],
+            }
+        exists.assert_called_with('/tmp/xxx/.')
+
+    @patch('os.path.exists')
+    def test_properties_device_fail(self, exists):
+        '''
+        Test when we try to set a device that is not pressent
+        '''
+        exists.return_value = False
+        assert btrfs.properties(name='/dev/sda1',
+                                device=None) == {
+                'name': '/dev/sda1',
+                'result': False,
+                'changes': {},
+                'comment': ['Object /dev/sda1 not found'],
+            }
+
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._umount')
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._mount')
+    @patch('os.path.exists')
+    def test_properties_subvolume_fail(self, exists, mount, umount):
+        '''
+        Test setting a wrong property in a subvolume
+        '''
+        exists.return_value = True
+        mount.return_value = '/tmp/xxx'
+        salt_mock = {
+            'btrfs.properties': MagicMock(side_effect=[
+                {
+                    'ro': {
+                        'description': 'Set/get read-only flag or subvolume',
+                        'value': 'N/A',
+                    },
+                }
+            ]),
+        }
+        opts_mock = {
+            'test': False,
+        }
+        with patch.dict(btrfs.__salt__, salt_mock), \
+                patch.dict(btrfs.__opts__, opts_mock):
+            assert btrfs.properties(name='@/var',
+                                    device='/dev/sda1',
+                                    wrond_property=True) == {
+                'name': '@/var',
+                'result': False,
+                'changes': {},
+                'comment': ['Some property not found in @/var'],
+            }
+            salt_mock['btrfs.properties'].assert_called_with('/tmp/xxx/@/var')
+            mount.assert_called_once()
+            umount.assert_called_once()
+
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._umount')
+    @patch('salt.states.btrfs._mount')
+    @patch('os.path.exists')
+    def test_properties_enable_ro_subvolume(self, exists, mount, umount):
+        '''
+        Test setting a ro property in a subvolume
+        '''
+        exists.return_value = True
+        mount.return_value = '/tmp/xxx'
+        salt_mock = {
+            'btrfs.properties': MagicMock(side_effect=[
+                {
+                    'ro': {
+                        'description': 'Set/get read-only flag or subvolume',
+                        'value': 'N/A',
+                    },
+                },
+                None,
+                {
+                    'ro': {
+                        'description': 'Set/get read-only flag or subvolume',
+                        'value': 'true',
+                    },
+                }
+            ]),
+        }
+        opts_mock = {
+            'test': False,
+        }
+        with patch.dict(btrfs.__salt__, salt_mock), \
+                patch.dict(btrfs.__opts__, opts_mock):
+            assert btrfs.properties(name='@/var',
+                                    device='/dev/sda1', ro=True) == {
+                'name': '@/var',
+                'result': True,
+                'changes': {'ro': 'true'},
+                'comment': ['Properties changed in @/var'],
+            }
+            salt_mock['btrfs.properties'].assert_any_call('/tmp/xxx/@/var')
+            salt_mock['btrfs.properties'].assert_any_call('/tmp/xxx/@/var',
+                                                          set='ro=true')
+            mount.assert_called_once()
+            umount.assert_called_once()
diff --git a/tests/unit/states/test_pkg.py b/tests/unit/states/test_pkg.py
index 174ab65ab8..38f72353fa 100644
--- a/tests/unit/states/test_pkg.py
+++ b/tests/unit/states/test_pkg.py
@@ -43,7 +43,7 @@ class PkgTestCase(TestCase, LoaderModuleMockMixin):
             pkgname: pkgver['new'] for pkgname, pkgver in six.iteritems(self.pkgs)
         })
         upgrade = MagicMock(return_value=self.pkgs)
-        version = MagicMock(side_effect=lambda pkgname: self.pkgs[pkgname]['old'])
+        version = MagicMock(side_effect=lambda pkgname, **_: self.pkgs[pkgname]['old'])
 
         with patch.dict(pkg.__salt__,
                         {'pkg.list_upgrades': list_upgrades,
@@ -52,7 +52,6 @@ class PkgTestCase(TestCase, LoaderModuleMockMixin):
 
             # Run state with test=false
             with patch.dict(pkg.__opts__, {'test': False}):
-
                 ret = pkg.uptodate('dummy', test=True)
                 self.assertTrue(ret['result'])
                 self.assertDictEqual(ret['changes'], self.pkgs)
@@ -78,7 +77,7 @@ class PkgTestCase(TestCase, LoaderModuleMockMixin):
             pkgname: pkgver['new'] for pkgname, pkgver in six.iteritems(self.pkgs)
         })
         upgrade = MagicMock(return_value=self.pkgs)
-        version = MagicMock(side_effect=lambda pkgname: pkgs[pkgname]['old'])
+        version = MagicMock(side_effect=lambda pkgname, **_: pkgs[pkgname]['old'])
 
         with patch.dict(pkg.__salt__,
                         {'pkg.list_upgrades': list_upgrades,
@@ -157,7 +156,7 @@ class PkgTestCase(TestCase, LoaderModuleMockMixin):
             pkgname: pkgver['new'] for pkgname, pkgver in six.iteritems(self.pkgs)
         })
         upgrade = MagicMock(return_value={})
-        version = MagicMock(side_effect=lambda pkgname: pkgs[pkgname]['old'])
+        version = MagicMock(side_effect=lambda pkgname, **_: pkgs[pkgname]['old'])
 
         with patch.dict(pkg.__salt__,
                         {'pkg.list_upgrades': list_upgrades,
diff --git a/tests/unit/test_loader.py b/tests/unit/test_loader.py
index c0877ff811..fe11cd0681 100644
--- a/tests/unit/test_loader.py
+++ b/tests/unit/test_loader.py
@@ -128,6 +128,97 @@ class LazyLoaderTest(TestCase):
         self.assertTrue(self.module_name + '.not_loaded' not in self.loader)
 
 
+loader_template_module = '''
+import my_utils
+
+def run():
+    return my_utils.run()
+'''
+
+loader_template_utils = '''
+def run():
+    return True
+'''
+
+
+class LazyLoaderUtilsTest(TestCase):
+    '''
+    Test the loader
+    '''
+    module_name = 'lazyloaderutilstest'
+    utils_name = 'my_utils'
+
+    @classmethod
+    def setUpClass(cls):
+        cls.opts = salt.config.minion_config(None)
+        cls.opts['grains'] = salt.loader.grains(cls.opts)
+        if not os.path.isdir(TMP):
+            os.makedirs(TMP)
+
+    def setUp(self):
+        # Setup the module
+        self.module_dir = tempfile.mkdtemp(dir=TMP)
+        self.module_file = os.path.join(self.module_dir,
+                                        '{}.py'.format(self.module_name))
+        with salt.utils.files.fopen(self.module_file, 'w') as fh:
+            fh.write(salt.utils.stringutils.to_str(loader_template_module))
+            fh.flush()
+            os.fsync(fh.fileno())
+
+        self.utils_dir = tempfile.mkdtemp(dir=TMP)
+        self.utils_file = os.path.join(self.utils_dir,
+                                       '{}.py'.format(self.utils_name))
+        with salt.utils.files.fopen(self.utils_file, 'w') as fh:
+            fh.write(salt.utils.stringutils.to_str(loader_template_utils))
+            fh.flush()
+            os.fsync(fh.fileno())
+
+    def tearDown(self):
+        shutil.rmtree(self.module_dir)
+        if os.path.isdir(self.module_dir):
+            shutil.rmtree(self.module_dir)
+        shutil.rmtree(self.utils_dir)
+        if os.path.isdir(self.utils_dir):
+            shutil.rmtree(self.utils_dir)
+        del self.module_dir
+        del self.module_file
+        del self.utils_dir
+        del self.utils_file
+
+        if self.module_name in sys.modules:
+            del sys.modules[self.module_name]
+        if self.utils_name in sys.modules:
+            del sys.modules[self.utils_name]
+
+    @classmethod
+    def tearDownClass(cls):
+        del cls.opts
+
+    def test_utils_found(self):
+        '''
+        Test that the extra module directory is available for imports
+        '''
+        loader = salt.loader.LazyLoader(
+            [self.module_dir],
+            copy.deepcopy(self.opts),
+            tag='module',
+            extra_module_dirs=[self.utils_dir])
+        self.assertTrue(
+            inspect.isfunction(
+                loader[self.module_name + '.run']))
+        self.assertTrue(loader[self.module_name + '.run']())
+
+    def test_utils_not_found(self):
+        '''
+        Test that the extra module directory is not available for imports
+        '''
+        loader = salt.loader.LazyLoader(
+            [self.module_dir],
+            copy.deepcopy(self.opts),
+            tag='module')
+        self.assertTrue(self.module_name + '.run' not in loader)
+
+
 class LazyLoaderVirtualEnabledTest(TestCase):
     '''
     Test the base loader of salt.
@@ -1078,8 +1169,9 @@ class LoaderGlobalsTest(ModuleCase):
 
         # Now, test each module!
         for item in global_vars:
-            for name in names:
-                self.assertIn(name, list(item.keys()))
+            if item['__name__'].startswith('salt.loaded'):
+                for name in names:
+                    self.assertIn(name, list(item.keys()))
 
     def test_auth(self):
         '''
-- 
2.16.4