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File support-transactional-systems-microos-271.patch of Package salt

From aa0d6604a7c6e2a25e88679ec64855723e6cabbf Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Alberto Planas <aplanas@suse.com>
Date: Mon, 5 Oct 2020 16:32:44 +0200
Subject: [PATCH] Support transactional systems (MicroOS) (#271)

* Add rebootmgr module

* Add transactional_update module

* chroot: add chroot detector

* systemd: add offline mode detector

* transactional_update: add pending_transaction detector

* extra: add EFI and transactional grains

* transactional_update: add call, apply_, sls & highstate

* transactional_update: add documentation

* transactional_update: add executor

* Add changelog entry 58519.added

Closes #58519

* transactional_update: update the cleanups family

* transactional_update: add activate_transaction param

* transactional_update: skip tests on Windows
---
 changelog/58519.added                         |    1 +
 doc/ref/executors/all/index.rst               |    1 +
 .../salt.executors.transactional_update.rst   |    6 +
 doc/ref/modules/all/index.rst                 |    2 +
 .../modules/all/salt.modules.rebootmgr.rst    |    5 +
 .../all/salt.modules.transactional_update.rst |    5 +
 salt/executors/transactional_update.py        |  126 ++
 salt/grains/extra.py                          |   42 +-
 salt/modules/chroot.py                        |   46 +-
 salt/modules/rebootmgr.py                     |  357 +++++
 salt/modules/systemd_service.py               |   21 +-
 salt/modules/transactional_update.py          | 1270 +++++++++++++++++
 salt/utils/systemd.py                         |   27 +-
 tests/unit/modules/test_chroot.py             |   18 +-
 tests/unit/modules/test_rebootmgr.py          |  302 ++++
 .../unit/modules/test_transactional_update.py |  681 +++++++++
 16 files changed, 2880 insertions(+), 30 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 changelog/58519.added
 create mode 100644 doc/ref/executors/all/salt.executors.transactional_update.rst
 create mode 100644 doc/ref/modules/all/salt.modules.rebootmgr.rst
 create mode 100644 doc/ref/modules/all/salt.modules.transactional_update.rst
 create mode 100644 salt/executors/transactional_update.py
 create mode 100644 salt/modules/rebootmgr.py
 create mode 100644 salt/modules/transactional_update.py
 create mode 100644 tests/unit/modules/test_rebootmgr.py
 create mode 100644 tests/unit/modules/test_transactional_update.py

diff --git a/changelog/58519.added b/changelog/58519.added
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..1cc8d7dc74
--- /dev/null
+++ b/changelog/58519.added
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+Add support for transactional systems, like openSUSE MicroOS
\ No newline at end of file
diff --git a/doc/ref/executors/all/index.rst b/doc/ref/executors/all/index.rst
index 1f26a86fc3..4cd430d8e3 100644
--- a/doc/ref/executors/all/index.rst
+++ b/doc/ref/executors/all/index.rst
@@ -14,3 +14,4 @@ executors modules
     docker
     splay
     sudo
+    transactional_update
diff --git a/doc/ref/executors/all/salt.executors.transactional_update.rst b/doc/ref/executors/all/salt.executors.transactional_update.rst
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..17f00b2d27
--- /dev/null
+++ b/doc/ref/executors/all/salt.executors.transactional_update.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,6 @@
+salt.executors.transactional_update module
+==========================================
+
+.. automodule:: salt.executors.transactional_update
+    :members:
+
diff --git a/doc/ref/modules/all/index.rst b/doc/ref/modules/all/index.rst
index 9fea7af07f..f6780e1694 100644
--- a/doc/ref/modules/all/index.rst
+++ b/doc/ref/modules/all/index.rst
@@ -394,6 +394,7 @@ execution modules
     rbac_solaris
     rbenv
     rdp
+    rebootmgr
     redismod
     reg
     rest_pkg
@@ -480,6 +481,7 @@ execution modules
     tls
     tomcat
     trafficserver
+    transactional_update
     travisci
     tuned
     twilio_notify
diff --git a/doc/ref/modules/all/salt.modules.rebootmgr.rst b/doc/ref/modules/all/salt.modules.rebootmgr.rst
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..22240080b0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/doc/ref/modules/all/salt.modules.rebootmgr.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+salt.modules.rebootmgr module
+=============================
+
+.. automodule:: salt.modules.rebootmgr
+    :members:
diff --git a/doc/ref/modules/all/salt.modules.transactional_update.rst b/doc/ref/modules/all/salt.modules.transactional_update.rst
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..2f15b95ad4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/doc/ref/modules/all/salt.modules.transactional_update.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+salt.modules.transactional_update module
+========================================
+
+.. automodule:: salt.modules.transactional_update
+    :members:
diff --git a/salt/executors/transactional_update.py b/salt/executors/transactional_update.py
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..ef7d92bc05
--- /dev/null
+++ b/salt/executors/transactional_update.py
@@ -0,0 +1,126 @@
+"""
+Transactional executor module
+
+.. versionadded:: TBD
+
+"""
+
+import salt.utils.path
+
+# Functions that are mapped into an equivalent one in
+# transactional_update module
+DELEGATION_MAP = {
+    "state.single": "transactional_update.single",
+    "state.sls": "transactional_update.sls",
+    "state.apply": "transactional_update.apply",
+    "state.highstate": "transactional_update.highstate",
+}
+
+# By default, all modules and functions are executed outside the
+# transaction.  The next two sets will enumerate the exceptions that
+# will be routed to transactional_update.call()
+DEFAULT_DELEGATED_MODULES = [
+    "ansible",
+    "cabal",
+    "chef",
+    "cmd",
+    "composer",
+    "cp",
+    "cpan",
+    "cyg",
+    "file",
+    "freeze",
+    "nix",
+    "npm",
+    "pip",
+    "pkg",
+    "puppet",
+    "pyenv",
+    "rbenv",
+    "scp",
+]
+DEFAULT_DELEGATED_FUNCTIONS = []
+
+
+def __virtual__():
+    if salt.utils.path.which("transactional-update"):
+        return True
+    else:
+        return (False, "transactional_update executor requires a transactional system")
+
+
+def execute(opts, data, func, args, kwargs):
+    """Delegate into transactional_update module
+
+    The ``transactional_update`` module support the execution of
+    functions inside a transaction, as support apply a state (via
+    ``apply``, ``sls``, ``single`` or ``highstate``).
+
+    This execution module can be used to route some Salt modules and
+    functions to be executed inside the transaction snapshot.
+
+    Add this executor in the minion configuration file:
+
+    .. code-block:: yaml
+
+        module_executors:
+          - transactional_update
+          - direct_call
+
+    Or use the command line parameter:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt-call --module-executors='[transactional_update, direct_call]' test.version
+
+    You can also schedule a reboot if needed:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt-call --module-executors='[transactional_update]' state.sls stuff activate_transaction=True
+
+    There are some configuration parameters supported:
+
+    .. code-block:: yaml
+
+       # Replace the list of default modules that all the functions
+       # are delegated to `transactional_update.call()`
+       delegated_modules: [cmd, pkg]
+
+       # Replace the list of default functions that are delegated to
+       # `transactional_update.call()`
+       delegated_functions: [pip.install]
+
+       # Expand the default list of modules
+       add_delegated_modules: [ansible]
+
+       # Expand the default list of functions
+       add_delegated_functions: [file.copy]
+
+    """
+    fun = data["fun"]
+    module, _ = fun.split(".")
+
+    delegated_modules = set(opts.get("delegated_modules", DEFAULT_DELEGATED_MODULES))
+    delegated_functions = set(
+        opts.get("delegated_functions", DEFAULT_DELEGATED_FUNCTIONS)
+    )
+    if "executor_opts" in data:
+        delegated_modules |= set(data["executor_opts"].get("add_delegated_modules", []))
+        delegated_functions |= set(
+            data["executor_opts"].get("add_delegated_functions", [])
+        )
+    else:
+        delegated_modules |= set(opts.get("add_delegated_modules", []))
+        delegated_functions |= set(opts.get("add_delegated_functions", []))
+
+    if fun in DELEGATION_MAP:
+        result = __executors__["direct_call.execute"](
+            opts, data, __salt__[DELEGATION_MAP[fun]], args, kwargs
+        )
+    elif module in delegated_modules or fun in delegated_functions:
+        result = __salt__["transactional_update.call"](fun, *args, **kwargs)
+    else:
+        result = __executors__["direct_call.execute"](opts, data, func, args, kwargs)
+
+    return result
diff --git a/salt/grains/extra.py b/salt/grains/extra.py
index 0eec27e628..d25faac3b7 100644
--- a/salt/grains/extra.py
+++ b/salt/grains/extra.py
@@ -1,16 +1,11 @@
-# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
-
-from __future__ import absolute_import, print_function, unicode_literals
-
-# Import third party libs
+import glob
 import logging
-
-# Import python libs
 import os
 
-# Import salt libs
+import salt.utils
 import salt.utils.data
 import salt.utils.files
+import salt.utils.path
 import salt.utils.platform
 import salt.utils.yaml
 
@@ -70,7 +65,32 @@ def config():
 
 def suse_backported_capabilities():
     return {
-        '__suse_reserved_pkg_all_versions_support': True,
-        '__suse_reserved_pkg_patches_support': True,
-        '__suse_reserved_saltutil_states_support': True
+        "__suse_reserved_pkg_all_versions_support": True,
+        "__suse_reserved_pkg_patches_support": True,
+        "__suse_reserved_saltutil_states_support": True,
     }
+
+
+def __secure_boot():
+    """Detect if secure-boot is enabled."""
+    enabled = False
+    sboot = glob.glob("/sys/firmware/efi/vars/SecureBoot-*/data")
+    if len(sboot) == 1:
+        with salt.utils.files.fopen(sboot[0], "rb") as fd:
+            enabled = fd.read()[-1:] == b"\x01"
+    return enabled
+
+
+def uefi():
+    """Populate UEFI grains."""
+    grains = {
+        "efi": os.path.exists("/sys/firmware/efi/systab"),
+        "efi-secure-boot": __secure_boot(),
+    }
+
+    return grains
+
+
+def transactional():
+    """Determine if the system in transactional."""
+    return {"transactional": bool(salt.utils.path.which("transactional-update"))}
diff --git a/salt/modules/chroot.py b/salt/modules/chroot.py
index 6512a70f88..1e2948607e 100644
--- a/salt/modules/chroot.py
+++ b/salt/modules/chroot.py
@@ -1,12 +1,9 @@
-# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
-
 """
 :maintainer:    Alberto Planas <aplanas@suse.com>
 :maturity:      new
 :depends:       None
 :platform:      Linux
 """
-from __future__ import absolute_import, print_function, unicode_literals
 
 import copy
 import logging
@@ -21,6 +18,7 @@ import salt.defaults.exitcodes
 import salt.exceptions
 import salt.ext.six as six
 import salt.utils.args
+import salt.utils.files
 
 __func_alias__ = {"apply_": "apply"}
 
@@ -79,6 +77,38 @@ def create(root):
     return True
 
 
+def in_chroot():
+    """
+    Return True if the process is inside a chroot jail
+
+    .. versionadded:: TBD
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt myminion chroot.in_chroot
+
+    """
+    result = False
+
+    try:
+        # We cannot assume that we are "root", so we cannot read
+        # '/proc/1/root', that is required for the usual way of
+        # detecting that we are in a chroot jail.  We use the debian
+        # ischroot method.
+        with salt.utils.files.fopen(
+            "/proc/1/mountinfo"
+        ) as root_fd, salt.utils.files.fopen("/proc/self/mountinfo") as self_fd:
+            root_mountinfo = root_fd.read()
+            self_mountinfo = self_fd.read()
+        result = root_mountinfo != self_mountinfo
+    except OSError:
+        pass
+
+    return result
+
+
 def call(root, function, *args, **kwargs):
     """
     Executes a Salt function inside a chroot environment.
@@ -116,7 +146,7 @@ def call(root, function, *args, **kwargs):
         so_mods=__salt__["config.option"]("thin_so_mods", ""),
     )
     # Some bug in Salt is preventing us to use `archive.tar` here. A
-    # AsyncZeroMQReqChannel is not closed at the end os the salt-call,
+    # AsyncZeroMQReqChannel is not closed at the end of the salt-call,
     # and makes the client never exit.
     #
     # stdout = __salt__['archive.tar']('xzf', thin_path, dest=thin_dest_path)
@@ -194,7 +224,7 @@ def apply_(root, mods=None, **kwargs):
 
 def _create_and_execute_salt_state(root, chunks, file_refs, test, hash_type):
     """
-    Create the salt_stage tarball, and execute in the chroot
+    Create the salt_state tarball, and execute in the chroot
     """
     # Create the tar containing the state pkg and relevant files.
     salt.client.ssh.wrapper.state._cleanup_slsmod_low_data(chunks)
@@ -206,7 +236,7 @@ def _create_and_execute_salt_state(root, chunks, file_refs, test, hash_type):
     ret = None
 
     # Create a temporary directory inside the chroot where we can move
-    # the salt_stage.tgz
+    # the salt_state.tgz
     salt_state_path = tempfile.mkdtemp(dir=root)
     salt_state_path = os.path.join(salt_state_path, "salt_state.tgz")
     salt_state_path_in_chroot = salt_state_path.replace(root, "", 1)
@@ -270,12 +300,12 @@ def sls(root, mods, saltenv="base", test=None, exclude=None, **kwargs):
         opts, pillar, __salt__, salt.fileclient.get_file_client(__opts__)
     )
 
-    if isinstance(mods, six.string_types):
+    if isinstance(mods, str):
         mods = mods.split(",")
 
     high_data, errors = st_.render_highstate({saltenv: mods})
     if exclude:
-        if isinstance(exclude, six.string_types):
+        if isinstance(exclude, str):
             exclude = exclude.split(",")
         if "__exclude__" in high_data:
             high_data["__exclude__"].extend(exclude)
diff --git a/salt/modules/rebootmgr.py b/salt/modules/rebootmgr.py
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..96133c754b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/salt/modules/rebootmgr.py
@@ -0,0 +1,357 @@
+"""
+:maintainer:    Alberto Planas <aplanas@suse.com>
+:maturity:      new
+:depends:       None
+:platform:      Linux
+"""
+
+import logging
+import re
+
+import salt.exceptions
+
+log = logging.getLogger(__name__)
+
+
+def __virtual__():
+    """rebootmgrctl command is required."""
+    if __utils__["path.which"]("rebootmgrctl") is not None:
+        return True
+    else:
+        return (False, "Module rebootmgt requires the command rebootmgrctl")
+
+
+def _cmd(cmd, retcode=False):
+    """Utility function to run commands."""
+    result = __salt__["cmd.run_all"](cmd)
+    if retcode:
+        return result["retcode"]
+
+    if result["retcode"]:
+        raise salt.exceptions.CommandExecutionError(result["stderr"])
+
+    return result["stdout"]
+
+
+def version():
+    """Return the version of rebootmgrd
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos rebootmgr version
+
+    """
+    cmd = ["rebootmgrctl", "--version"]
+
+    return _cmd(cmd).split()[-1]
+
+
+def is_active():
+    """Check if the rebootmgrd is running and active or not.
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos rebootmgr is_active
+
+    """
+    cmd = ["rebootmgrctl", "is_active", "--quiet"]
+
+    return _cmd(cmd, retcode=True) == 0
+
+
+def reboot(order=None):
+    """Tells rebootmgr to schedule a reboot.
+
+    With the [now] option, a forced reboot is done, no lock from etcd
+    is requested and a set maintenance window is ignored. With the
+    [fast] option, a lock from etcd is requested if needed, but a
+    defined maintenance window is ignored.
+
+    order
+        If specified, can be "now" or "fast"
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos rebootmgr reboot
+        salt microos rebootmgt reboot order=now
+
+    """
+    if order and order not in ("now", "fast"):
+        raise salt.exceptions.CommandExecutionError(
+            "Order parameter, if specified, must be 'now' or 'fast'"
+        )
+
+    cmd = ["rebootmgrctl", "reboot"]
+    if order:
+        cmd.append(order)
+
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def cancel():
+    """Cancels an already running reboot.
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos rebootmgr cancel
+
+    """
+    cmd = ["rebootmgrctl", "cancel"]
+
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def status():
+    """Returns the current status of rebootmgrd.
+
+    Valid returned values are:
+      0 - No reboot requested
+      1 - Reboot requested
+      2 - Reboot requested, waiting for maintenance window
+      3 - Reboot requested, waiting for etcd lock.
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos rebootmgr status
+
+    """
+    cmd = ["rebootmgrctl", "status", "--quiet"]
+
+    return _cmd(cmd, retcode=True)
+
+
+def set_strategy(strategy=None):
+    """A new strategy to reboot the machine is set and written into
+    /etc/rebootmgr.conf.
+
+    strategy
+        If specified, must be one of those options:
+
+        best-effort - This is the default strategy. If etcd is
+            running, etcd-lock is used. If no etcd is running, but a
+            maintenance window is specified, the strategy will be
+            maint-window. If no maintenance window is specified, the
+            machine is immediately rebooted (instantly).
+
+        etcd-lock - A lock at etcd for the specified lock-group will
+            be acquired before reboot. If a maintenance window is
+            specified, the lock is only acquired during this window.
+
+        maint-window - Reboot does happen only during a specified
+            maintenance window. If no window is specified, the
+            instantly strategy is followed.
+
+        instantly - Other services will be informed that a reboot will
+            happen. Reboot will be done without getting any locks or
+            waiting for a maintenance window.
+
+        off - Reboot requests are temporary
+            ignored. /etc/rebootmgr.conf is not modified.
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos rebootmgr set_strategy stragegy=off
+
+    """
+    if strategy and strategy not in (
+        "best-effort",
+        "etcd-lock",
+        "maint-window",
+        "instantly",
+        "off",
+    ):
+        raise salt.exceptions.CommandExecutionError("Strategy parameter not valid")
+
+    cmd = ["rebootmgrctl", "set-strategy"]
+    if strategy:
+        cmd.append(strategy)
+
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def get_strategy():
+    """The currently used reboot strategy of rebootmgrd will be printed.
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos rebootmgr get_strategy
+
+    """
+    cmd = ["rebootmgrctl", "get-strategy"]
+
+    return _cmd(cmd).split(":")[-1].strip()
+
+
+def set_window(time, duration):
+    """Set's the maintenance window.
+
+    time
+        The format of time is the same as described in
+        systemd.time(7).
+
+    duration
+         The format of duration is "[XXh][YYm]".
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos rebootmgr set_window time="Thu,Fri 2020-*-1,5 11:12:13" duration=1h
+
+    """
+    cmd = ["rebootmgrctl", "set-window", time, duration]
+
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def get_window():
+    """The currently set maintenance window will be printed.
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos rebootmgr get_window
+
+    """
+    cmd = ["rebootmgrctl", "get-window"]
+    window = _cmd(cmd)
+
+    return dict(
+        zip(
+            ("time", "duration"),
+            re.search(
+                r"Maintenance window is set to (.*), lasting (.*).", window
+            ).groups(),
+        )
+    )
+
+
+def set_group(group):
+    """Set the group, to which this machine belongs to get a reboot lock
+       from etcd.
+
+    group
+        Group name
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos rebootmgr set_group group=group_1
+
+    """
+    cmd = ["rebootmgrctl", "set-group", group]
+
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def get_group():
+    """The currently set lock group for etcd.
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos rebootmgr get_group
+
+    """
+    cmd = ["rebootmgrctl", "get-group"]
+    group = _cmd(cmd)
+
+    return re.search(r"Etcd lock group is set to (.*)", group).groups()[0]
+
+
+def set_max(max_locks, group=None):
+    """Set the maximal number of hosts in a group, which are allowed to
+       reboot at the same time.
+
+    number
+        Maximal number of hosts in a group
+
+    group
+        Group name
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos rebootmgr set_max 4
+
+    """
+    cmd = ["rebootmgrctl", "set-max"]
+    if group:
+        cmd.extend(["--group", group])
+    cmd.append(max_locks)
+
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def lock(machine_id=None, group=None):
+    """Lock a machine. If no group is specified, the local default group
+       will be used. If no machine-id is specified, the local machine
+       will be locked.
+
+    machine_id
+        The machine-id is a network wide, unique ID. Per default the
+        ID from /etc/machine-id is used.
+
+    group
+        Group name
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos rebootmgr lock group=group1
+
+    """
+    cmd = ["rebootmgrctl", "lock"]
+    if group:
+        cmd.extend(["--group", group])
+    if machine_id:
+        cmd.append(machine_id)
+
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def unlock(machine_id=None, group=None):
+    """Unlock a machine. If no group is specified, the local default group
+       will be used. If no machine-id is specified, the local machine
+       will be locked.
+
+    machine_id
+        The machine-id is a network wide, unique ID. Per default the
+        ID from /etc/machine-id is used.
+
+    group
+        Group name
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos rebootmgr unlock group=group1
+
+    """
+    cmd = ["rebootmgrctl", "unlock"]
+    if group:
+        cmd.extend(["--group", group])
+    if machine_id:
+        cmd.append(machine_id)
+
+    return _cmd(cmd)
diff --git a/salt/modules/systemd_service.py b/salt/modules/systemd_service.py
index 03e7268cd4..49e5bd813f 100644
--- a/salt/modules/systemd_service.py
+++ b/salt/modules/systemd_service.py
@@ -64,7 +64,10 @@ def __virtual__():
     """
     Only work on systems that have been booted with systemd
     """
-    if __grains__.get("kernel") == "Linux" and salt.utils.systemd.booted(__context__):
+    is_linux = __grains__.get("kernel") == "Linux"
+    is_booted = salt.utils.systemd.booted(__context__)
+    is_offline = salt.utils.systemd.offline(__context__)
+    if is_linux and (is_booted or is_offline):
         return __virtualname__
     return (
         False,
@@ -1447,3 +1450,19 @@ def firstboot(
         raise CommandExecutionError("systemd-firstboot error: {}".format(out["stderr"]))
 
     return True
+
+
+def offline():
+    """
+    .. versionadded:: TBD
+
+    Check if systemd is working in offline mode, where is not possible
+    to talk with PID 1.
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+        salt '*' service.offline
+
+    """
+
+    return salt.utils.systemd.offline(__context__)
diff --git a/salt/modules/transactional_update.py b/salt/modules/transactional_update.py
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..9b14557e07
--- /dev/null
+++ b/salt/modules/transactional_update.py
@@ -0,0 +1,1270 @@
+"""Transactional update
+====================
+
+.. versionadded: TBD
+
+A transactional system, like `MicroOS`_, can present some challenges
+when the user decided to manage it via Salt.
+
+MicroOS provide a read-only rootfs and a tool,
+``transactional-update``, that takes care of the management of the
+system (updating, upgrading, installation or reboot, among others) in
+an atomic way.
+
+Atomicity is the main feature of MicroOS, and to guarantee this
+property, this model leverages ``snapper``, ``zypper``, ``btrfs`` and
+``overlayfs`` to create snapshots that will be updated independently
+of the currently running system, and that are activated after the
+reboot.  This implies, for example, that some changes made on the
+system are not visible until the next reboot, as those changes are
+living in a different snapshot of the file system.
+
+This model present a lot of problems with the traditional Salt model,
+where the inspections (like 'is this package installed?') are executed
+in order to determine if a subsequent action is required (like
+'install this package').
+
+Lets consider this use case, to see how it works on a traditional
+system, and in a transactional system:
+
+1) Check if ``apache`` is installed
+
+2) If it is not installed, install it
+
+3) Check that a ``vhost`` is configured for ``apache``
+
+4) Make sure that ``apache2.service`` is enabled
+
+5) If the configuration changes, restart ``apache2.service``
+
+In the traditional system everything will work as expected.  The
+system can see if the package is present or not, install it if it
+isn't, and a re-check will shows that is already present.  The same
+will happen to the configuration file in ``/etc/apache2``, that will
+be available as soon the package gets installed.  Salt can inspect the
+current form of this file, and add the missing bits if required.  Salt
+can annotate that a change is present, and restart the service.
+
+In a transactional system we will have multiple issues.  The first one
+is that Salt can only see the content of the snapshot where the system
+booted from.  Later snapshots may contain different content, including
+the presence of ``apache``.  If Salt decides to install ``apache``
+calling ``zypper``, it will fail, as this will try to write into the
+read-only rootfs.  Even if Salt would call ``transactional-update pkg
+install``, the package would only be present in the new transaction
+(snapshot), and will not be found in the currently running system when
+later Salt tries to validate the presence of the package in the
+current one.
+
+Any change in ``/etc`` alone will have also problems, as the changes
+will be alive in a different overlay, only visible after the reboot.
+And, finally, the service can only be enabled and restarted if the
+service file is already present in the current ``/etc``.
+
+
+General strategy
+----------------
+
+``transactional-update`` is the reference tool used for the
+administration of transactional systems.  Newer versions of this tool
+support the execution of random commands in the new transaction, the
+continuation of a transaction, the automatic detection of changes in
+new transactions and the merge of ``/etc`` overlays.
+
+Continue a transaction
+......................
+
+One prerequisite already present is the support for branching from a
+different snapshot than the current one in snapper.
+
+With this feature we can represent in ``transactional-update`` the
+action of creating a transaction snapshot based on one that is planned
+to be the active one after the reboot.  This feature removes a lot of
+user complains (like, for example, loosing changes that are stored in
+a transaction not yet activated), but also provide a more simple model
+to work with.
+
+So, for example, if the user have this scenario::
+
+      +-----+  *=====*  +--V--+
+    --| T.1 |--| T.2 |--| T.3 |
+      +-----+  *=====*  +--A--+
+
+where T.2 is the current active one, and T.3 is an snapshot generated
+from T.2 with a new package (``apache2``), and is marked to be the
+active after the reboot.
+
+Previously, if the user (that is still on T.2) created a new
+transaction, maybe for adding a new package (``tomcat``, for example),
+the new T.4 will be based on the content of T.2 again, and not T.3, so
+the new T.4 will have lost the changes of T.3 (i.e. `apache2` will not
+be present in T.4).
+
+With the ``--continue`` parameter, ``transactional-update`` will
+create T.4 based on T.3, and nothing will be lost.
+
+Command execution inside a new transaction
+..........................................
+
+With ``transactional-update run`` we will create a new transaction
+based on the current one (T.2), where we can send interactive commands
+that can modify the new transaction, and as commented, with
+``transactional-update --continue run``, we will create a new
+transaction based on the last created (T.3)
+
+The ``run`` command can execute any application inside the new
+transaction namespace.  This module uses this feature to execute the
+different Salt execution modules, via ``call()``. Or even the full
+``salt-thin`` or ``salt-call`` via ``sls()``, ``apply()``,
+``single()`` or ``highstate``.
+
+``transactional-update`` will drop empty snapshots
+..................................................
+
+The option ``--drop-if-no-change`` is used to detect whether there is
+any change in the file system on the read-only subvolume of the new
+transaction will be added.  If a change is present, the new
+transaction will remain, if not it will be discarded.
+
+For example::
+
+  transactional-update --continute --drop-if-no-change run zypper in apache2"
+
+If we are in the scenario described before, ``apache2`` is already
+present in T.3.  In this case a new transaction, T.4, will be created
+based on T.3, ``zypper`` will detect that the package is already
+present and no change will be produced on T.4.  At the end of the
+execution, ``transactional-update`` will validate that T.3 and T.4 are
+equivalent and T.4 will be discarded.
+
+If the command is::
+
+  transactional-update --continue --drop-if-no-change run zypper in tomcat
+
+the new T.4 will be indeed different from T.3, and will remain after
+the transaction is closed.
+
+With this feature, every time that we call any function of this
+execution module, we will minimize the amount of transaction, while
+maintaining the idempotence so some operations.
+
+Report for pending transaction
+..............................
+
+A change in the system will create a new transaction, that needs to be
+activated via a reboot.  With ``pending_transaction()`` we can check
+if a reboot is needed.  We can execute the reboot using the
+``reboot()`` function, that will follow the plan established by the
+functions of the ``rebootmgr`` execution module.
+
+``/etc`` overlay merge when no new transaction is created
+.........................................................
+
+In a transactional model, ``/etc`` is an overlay file system.  Changes
+done during the update are only present in the new transaction, and so
+will only be available after the reboot.  Or worse, if the transaction
+gets dropped, because there is no change in the ``rootfs``, the
+changes in ``/etc`` will be dropped too!.  This is designed like that
+in order to make the configuration files for the new package available
+only when new package is also available to the user.  So, after the
+reboot.
+
+This makes sense for the case when, for example, ``apache2`` is not
+present in the current transaction, but we installed it.  The new
+snapshot contains the ``apache2`` service, and the configuration files
+in ``/etc`` will be accessible only after the reboot.
+
+But this model presents an issue.  If we use ``transactional-update
+--continue --drop-if-no-change run <command>``, where ``<command>``
+does not make any change in the read-only subvolume, but only in
+``/etc`` (which is also read-write in the running system), the new
+overlay with the changes in ``/etc`` will be dropped together with the
+transaction.
+
+To fix this, ``transactional-update`` will detect that when no change
+has been made on the read-only subvolume, but done in the overlay, the
+transaction will be dropped and the changes in the overlay will be
+merged back into ``/etc`` overlay of the current transaction.
+
+
+Using the execution module
+--------------------------
+
+With this module we can create states that leverage Salt into this
+kind of systems::
+
+  # Install apache (low-level API)
+  salt-call transactional_update.pkg_install apache2
+
+  # We can call any execution module
+  salt-call transactional_update.call pkg.install apache2
+
+  # Or via a state
+  salt-call transactional_update.single pkg.installed name=apache2
+
+  # We can also execute a zypper directly
+  salt-call transactional_update run "zypper in apache2" snapshot="continue"
+
+  # We can reuse SLS states
+  salt-call transactional_update.apply install_and_configure_apache
+
+  # Or apply the full highstate
+  salt-call transactional_update.highstate
+
+  # Is there any change done in the system?
+  salt-call transactional_update pending_transaction
+
+  # If so, reboot via rebootmgr
+  salt-call transactional_update reboot
+
+  # We can enable the service
+  salt-call service.enable apache2
+
+  # If apache2 is available, this will work too
+  salt-call service.restart apache2
+
+
+Fixing some expectations
+------------------------
+
+This module alone is an improvement over the current state, but is
+easy to see some limitations and problems:
+
+Is not a fully transparent approach
+...................................
+
+The user needs to know if the system is transactional or not, as not
+everything can be expressed inside a transaction (for example,
+restarting a service inside transaction is not allowed).
+
+Two step for service restart
+............................
+
+In the ``apache2` example from the beginning we can observe the
+biggest drawback.  If the package ``apache2`` is missing, the new
+module will create a new transaction, will execute ``pkg.install``
+inside the transaction (creating the salt-thin, moving it inside and
+delegating the execution to `transactional-update` CLI as part of the
+full state).  Inside the transaction we can do too the required
+changes in ``/etc`` for adding the new ``vhost``, and we can enable the
+service via systemctl inside the same transaction.
+
+At this point we will not merge the ``/etc`` overlay into the current
+one, and we expect from the user call the ``reboot`` function inside
+this module, in order to activate the new transaction and start the
+``apache2`` service.
+
+In the case that the package is already there, but the configuration
+for the ``vhost`` is required, the new transaction will be dropped and
+the ``/etc`` overlay will be visible in the live system.  Then from
+outside the transaction, via a different call to Salt, we can command
+a restart of the ``apache2`` service.
+
+We can see that in both cases we break the user expectation, where a
+change on the configuration will trigger automatically the restart of
+the associated service.  In a transactional scenario we need two
+different steps: or a reboot, or a restart from outside of the
+transaction.
+
+.. _MicroOS: https://microos.opensuse.org/
+
+:maintainer:    Alberto Planas <aplanas@suse.com>
+:maturity:      new
+:depends:       None
+:platform:      Linux
+
+"""
+
+import copy
+import logging
+import os
+import sys
+import tempfile
+
+import salt.client.ssh.state
+import salt.client.ssh.wrapper.state
+import salt.exceptions
+import salt.utils.args
+
+__func_alias__ = {"apply_": "apply"}
+
+log = logging.getLogger(__name__)
+
+
+def __virtual__():
+    """
+    transactional-update command is required.
+    """
+    if __utils__["path.which"]("transactional-update"):
+        return True
+    else:
+        return (False, "Module transactional_update requires a transactional system")
+
+
+def _global_params(self_update, snapshot=None, quiet=False):
+    """Utility function to prepare common global parameters."""
+    params = ["--non-interactive", "--drop-if-no-change"]
+    if self_update is False:
+        params.append("--no-selfupdate")
+    if snapshot and snapshot != "continue":
+        params.extend(["--continue", snapshot])
+    elif snapshot:
+        params.append("--continue")
+    if quiet:
+        params.append("--quiet")
+    return params
+
+
+def _pkg_params(pkg, pkgs, args):
+    """Utility function to prepare common package parameters."""
+    params = []
+
+    if not pkg and not pkgs:
+        raise salt.exceptions.CommandExecutionError("Provide pkg or pkgs parameters")
+
+    if args and isinstance(args, str):
+        params.extend(args.split())
+    elif args and isinstance(args, list):
+        params.extend(args)
+
+    if pkg:
+        params.append(pkg)
+
+    if pkgs and isinstance(pkgs, str):
+        params.extend(pkgs.split())
+    elif pkgs and isinstance(pkgs, list):
+        params.extend(pkgs)
+
+    return params
+
+
+def _cmd(cmd, retcode=False):
+    """Utility function to run commands."""
+    result = __salt__["cmd.run_all"](cmd)
+    if retcode:
+        return result["retcode"]
+
+    if result["retcode"]:
+        raise salt.exceptions.CommandExecutionError(result["stderr"])
+
+    return result["stdout"]
+
+
+def transactional():
+    """Check if the system is a transactional system
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos transactional_update transactional
+
+    """
+    return bool(__utils__["path.which"]("transactional-update"))
+
+
+def in_transaction():
+    """Check if Salt is executing while in a transaction
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos transactional_update in_transaction
+
+    """
+    return transactional() and __salt__["chroot.in_chroot"]()
+
+
+def cleanup(self_update=False):
+    """Run both cleanup-snapshots and cleanup-overlays.
+
+    Identical to calling both cleanup-snapshots and cleanup-overlays.
+
+    self_update
+        Check for newer transactional-update versions.
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos transactional_update cleanup
+
+    """
+    cmd = ["transactional-update"]
+    cmd.extend(_global_params(self_update=self_update))
+    cmd.append("cleanup")
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def cleanup_snapshots(self_update=False):
+    """Mark unused snapshots for snapper removal.
+
+    If the current root filesystem is identical to the active root
+    filesystem (means after a reboot, before transactional-update
+    creates a new snapshot with updates), all old snapshots without a
+    cleanup algorithm get a cleanup algorithm set. This is to make
+    sure, that old snapshots will be deleted by snapper. See the
+    section about cleanup algorithms in snapper(8).
+
+    self_update
+        Check for newer transactional-update versions.
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos transactional_update cleanup_snapshots
+
+    """
+    cmd = ["transactional-update"]
+    cmd.extend(_global_params(self_update=self_update))
+    cmd.append("cleanup-snapshots")
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def cleanup_overlays(self_update=False):
+    """Remove unused overlay layers.
+
+    Removes all unreferenced (and thus unused) /etc overlay
+    directories in /var/lib/overlay.
+
+    self_update
+        Check for newer transactional-update versions.
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos transactional_update cleanup_overlays
+
+    """
+    cmd = ["transactional-update"]
+    cmd.extend(_global_params(self_update=self_update))
+    cmd.append("cleanup-overlays")
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def grub_cfg(self_update=False, snapshot=None):
+    """Regenerate grub.cfg
+
+    grub2-mkconfig(8) is called to create a new /boot/grub2/grub.cfg
+    configuration file for the bootloader.
+
+    self_update
+        Check for newer transactional-update versions.
+
+    snapshot
+        Use the given snapshot or, if no number is given, the current
+        default snapshot as a base for the next snapshot. Use
+        "continue" to indicate the last snapshot done.
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos transactional_update grub_cfg snapshot="continue"
+
+    """
+    cmd = ["transactional-update"]
+    cmd.extend(_global_params(self_update=self_update, snapshot=snapshot))
+    cmd.append("grub.cfg")
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def bootloader(self_update=False, snapshot=None):
+    """Reinstall the bootloader
+
+    Same as grub.cfg, but will also rewrite the bootloader itself.
+
+    self_update
+        Check for newer transactional-update versions.
+
+    snapshot
+        Use the given snapshot or, if no number is given, the current
+        default snapshot as a base for the next snapshot. Use
+        "continue" to indicate the last snapshot done.
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos transactional_update bootloader snapshot="continue"
+
+    """
+    cmd = ["transactional-update"]
+    cmd.extend(_global_params(self_update=self_update, snapshot=snapshot))
+    cmd.append("bootloader")
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def initrd(self_update=False, snapshot=None):
+    """Regenerate initrd
+
+    A new initrd is created in a snapshot.
+
+    self_update
+        Check for newer transactional-update versions.
+
+    snapshot
+        Use the given snapshot or, if no number is given, the current
+        default snapshot as a base for the next snapshot. Use
+        "continue" to indicate the last snapshot done.
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos transactional_update initrd snapshot="continue"
+
+    """
+    cmd = ["transactional-update"]
+    cmd.extend(_global_params(self_update=self_update, snapshot=snapshot))
+    cmd.append("initrd")
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def kdump(self_update=False, snapshot=None):
+    """Regenerate kdump initrd
+
+    A new initrd for kdump is created in a snapshot.
+
+    self_update
+        Check for newer transactional-update versions.
+
+    snapshot
+        Use the given snapshot or, if no number is given, the current
+        default snapshot as a base for the next snapshot. Use
+        "continue" to indicate the last snapshot done.
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos transactional_update kdump snapshot="continue"
+
+    """
+    cmd = ["transactional-update"]
+    cmd.extend(_global_params(self_update=self_update, snapshot=snapshot))
+    cmd.append("kdump")
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def run(command, self_update=False, snapshot=None):
+    """Run a command in a new snapshot
+
+    Execute the command inside a new snapshot. By default this snaphot
+    will remain, but if --drop-if-no-chage is set, the new snapshot
+    will be dropped if there is no change in the file system.
+
+    command
+        Command with parameters that will be executed (as string or
+        array)
+
+    self_update
+        Check for newer transactional-update versions.
+
+    snapshot
+        Use the given snapshot or, if no number is given, the current
+        default snapshot as a base for the next snapshot. Use
+        "continue" to indicate the last snapshot done.
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos transactional_update run "mkdir /tmp/dir" snapshot="continue"
+
+    """
+    cmd = ["transactional-update"]
+    cmd.extend(_global_params(self_update=self_update, snapshot=snapshot, quiet=True))
+    cmd.append("run")
+    if isinstance(command, str):
+        cmd.extend(command.split())
+    elif isinstance(command, list):
+        cmd.extend(command)
+    else:
+        raise salt.exceptions.CommandExecutionError("Command parameter not recognized")
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def reboot(self_update=False):
+    """Reboot after update
+
+    Trigger a reboot after updating the system.
+
+    Several different reboot methods are supported, configurable via
+    the REBOOT_METHOD configuration option in
+    transactional-update.conf(5). By default rebootmgrd(8) will be
+    used to reboot the system according to the configured policies if
+    the service is running, otherwise systemctl reboot will be called.
+
+    self_update
+        Check for newer transactional-update versions.
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos transactional_update reboot
+
+    """
+    cmd = ["transactional-update"]
+    cmd.extend(_global_params(self_update=self_update))
+    cmd.append("reboot")
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def dup(self_update=False, snapshot=None):
+    """Call 'zypper dup'
+
+    If new updates are available, a new snapshot is created and zypper
+    dup --no-allow-vendor-change is used to update the
+    snapshot. Afterwards, the snapshot is activated and will be used
+    as the new root filesystem during next boot.
+
+    self_update
+        Check for newer transactional-update versions.
+
+    snapshot
+        Use the given snapshot or, if no number is given, the current
+        default snapshot as a base for the next snapshot. Use
+        "continue" to indicate the last snapshot done.
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos transactional_update dup snapshot="continue"
+    """
+    cmd = ["transactional-update"]
+    cmd.extend(_global_params(self_update=self_update, snapshot=snapshot))
+    cmd.append("dup")
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def up(self_update=False, snapshot=None):
+    """Call 'zypper up'
+
+    If new updates are available, a new snapshot is created and zypper
+    up is used to update the snapshot. Afterwards, the snapshot is
+    activated and will be used as the new root filesystem during next
+    boot.
+
+    self_update
+        Check for newer transactional-update versions.
+
+    snapshot
+        Use the given snapshot or, if no number is given, the current
+        default snapshot as a base for the next snapshot. Use
+        "continue" to indicate the last snapshot done.
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos transactional_update up snapshot="continue"
+
+    """
+    cmd = ["transactional-update"]
+    cmd.extend(_global_params(self_update=self_update, snapshot=snapshot))
+    cmd.append("up")
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def patch(self_update=False, snapshot=None):
+    """Call 'zypper patch'
+
+    If new updates are available, a new snapshot is created and zypper
+    patch is used to update the snapshot. Afterwards, the snapshot is
+    activated and will be used as the new root filesystem during next
+    boot.
+
+    self_update
+        Check for newer transactional-update versions.
+
+    snapshot
+        Use the given snapshot or, if no number is given, the current
+        default snapshot as a base for the next snapshot. Use
+        "continue" to indicate the last snapshot done.
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos transactional_update patch snapshot="continue"
+
+    """
+    cmd = ["transactional-update"]
+    cmd.extend(_global_params(self_update=self_update, snapshot=snapshot))
+    cmd.append("patch")
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def migration(self_update=False, snapshot=None):
+    """Updates systems registered via SCC / SMT
+
+    On systems which are registered against the SUSE Customer Center
+    (SCC) or SMT, a migration to a new version of the installed
+    products can be made with this option.
+
+    self_update
+        Check for newer transactional-update versions.
+
+    snapshot
+        Use the given snapshot or, if no number is given, the current
+        default snapshot as a base for the next snapshot. Use
+        "continue" to indicate the last snapshot done.
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos transactional_update migration snapshot="continue"
+
+    """
+    cmd = ["transactional-update"]
+    cmd.extend(_global_params(self_update=self_update, snapshot=snapshot))
+    cmd.append("migration")
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def pkg_install(pkg=None, pkgs=None, args=None, self_update=False, snapshot=None):
+    """Install individual packages
+
+    Installs additional software. See the install description in the
+    "Package Management Commands" section of zypper's man page for all
+    available arguments.
+
+    pkg
+        Package name to install
+
+    pkgs
+        List of packages names to install
+
+    args
+        String or list of extra parameters for zypper
+
+    self_update
+        Check for newer transactional-update versions.
+
+    snapshot
+        Use the given snapshot or, if no number is given, the current
+        default snapshot as a base for the next snapshot. Use
+        "continue" to indicate the last snapshot done.
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos transactional_update pkg_install pkg=emacs snapshot="continue"
+
+    """
+    cmd = ["transactional-update"]
+    cmd.extend(_global_params(self_update=self_update, snapshot=snapshot))
+    cmd.extend(["pkg", "install"])
+    cmd.extend(_pkg_params(pkg, pkgs, args))
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def pkg_remove(pkg=None, pkgs=None, args=None, self_update=False, snapshot=None):
+    """Remove individual packages
+
+    Removes installed software. See the remove description in the
+    "Package Management Commands" section of zypper's man page for all
+    available arguments.
+
+    pkg
+        Package name to install
+
+    pkgs
+        List of packages names to install
+
+    args
+        String or list of extra parameters for zypper
+
+    self_update
+        Check for newer transactional-update versions.
+
+    snapshot
+        Use the given snapshot or, if no number is given, the current
+        default snapshot as a base for the next snapshot. Use
+        "continue" to indicate the last snapshot done.
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos transactional_update pkg_remove pkg=vim snapshot="continue"
+    """
+    cmd = ["transactional-update"]
+    cmd.extend(_global_params(self_update=self_update, snapshot=snapshot))
+    cmd.extend(["pkg", "remove"])
+    cmd.extend(_pkg_params(pkg, pkgs, args))
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def pkg_update(pkg=None, pkgs=None, args=None, self_update=False, snapshot=None):
+    """Updates individual packages
+
+    Update selected software. See the update description in the
+    "Update Management Commands" section of zypper's man page for all
+    available arguments.
+
+    pkg
+        Package name to install
+
+    pkgs
+        List of packages names to install
+
+    args
+        String or list of extra parameters for zypper
+
+    self_update
+        Check for newer transactional-update versions.
+
+    snapshot
+        Use the given snapshot or, if no number is given, the current
+        default snapshot as a base for the next snapshot. Use
+        "continue" to indicate the last snapshot done.
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos transactional_update pkg_update pkg=emacs snapshot="continue"
+
+    """
+    cmd = ["transactional-update"]
+    cmd.extend(_global_params(self_update=self_update, snapshot=snapshot))
+    cmd.extend(["pkg", "update"])
+    cmd.extend(_pkg_params(pkg, pkgs, args))
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def rollback(snapshot=None):
+    """Set the current, given or last working snapshot as default snapshot
+
+    Sets the default root file system. On a read-only system the root
+    file system is set directly using btrfs. On read-write systems
+    snapper(8) rollback is called.
+
+    If no snapshot number is given, the current root file system is
+    set as the new default root file system. Otherwise number can
+    either be a snapshot number (as displayed by snapper list) or the
+    word last. last will try to reset to the latest working snapshot.
+
+    snapshot
+        Use the given snapshot or, if no number is given, the current
+        default snapshot as a base for the next snapshot. Use
+        "last" to indicate the last working snapshot done.
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos transactional_update rollback
+
+    """
+    if (
+        snapshot
+        and isinstance(snapshot, str)
+        and snapshot != "last"
+        and not snapshot.isnumeric()
+    ):
+        raise salt.exceptions.CommandExecutionError(
+            "snapshot should be a number or 'last'"
+        )
+    cmd = ["transactional-update"]
+    cmd.append("rollback")
+    if snapshot:
+        cmd.append(snapshot)
+    return _cmd(cmd)
+
+
+def pending_transaction():
+    """Check if there is a pending transaction
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos transactional_update pending_transaction
+
+    """
+    # If we are running inside a transaction, we do not have a good
+    # way yet to detect a pending transaction
+    if in_transaction():
+        raise salt.exceptions.CommandExecutionError(
+            "pending_transaction cannot be executed inside a transaction"
+        )
+
+    cmd = ["snapper", "--no-dbus", "list", "--columns", "number"]
+    snapshots = _cmd(cmd)
+
+    return any(snapshot.endswith("+") for snapshot in snapshots)
+
+
+def call(function, *args, **kwargs):
+    """Executes a Salt function inside a transaction.
+
+    The chroot does not need to have Salt installed, but Python is
+    required.
+
+    function
+        Salt execution module function
+
+    activate_transaction
+        If at the end of the transaction there is a pending activation
+        (i.e there is a new snaphot in the system), a new reboot will
+        be scheduled (default False)
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos transactional_update.call test.ping
+        salt microos transactional_update.call ssh.set_auth_key user key=mykey
+        salt microos transactional_update.call pkg.install emacs activate_transaction=True
+
+    """
+
+    if not function:
+        raise salt.exceptions.CommandExecutionError("Missing function parameter")
+
+    activate_transaction = kwargs.pop("activate_transaction", False)
+
+    # Generate the salt-thin and create a temporary directory in a
+    # place that the new transaction will have access to, and where we
+    # can untar salt-thin
+    thin_path = __utils__["thin.gen_thin"](
+        __opts__["cachedir"],
+        extra_mods=__salt__["config.option"]("thin_extra_mods", ""),
+        so_mods=__salt__["config.option"]("thin_so_mods", ""),
+    )
+    thin_dest_path = tempfile.mkdtemp(dir=__opts__["cachedir"])
+    # Some bug in Salt is preventing us to use `archive.tar` here. A
+    # AsyncZeroMQReqChannel is not closed at the end of the salt-call,
+    # and makes the client never exit.
+    #
+    # stdout = __salt__['archive.tar']('xzf', thin_path, dest=thin_dest_path)
+    #
+    stdout = __salt__["cmd.run"](["tar", "xzf", thin_path, "-C", thin_dest_path])
+    if stdout:
+        __utils__["files.rm_rf"](thin_dest_path)
+        return {"result": False, "comment": stdout}
+
+    try:
+        safe_kwargs = salt.utils.args.clean_kwargs(**kwargs)
+        salt_argv = (
+            [
+                "python{}".format(sys.version_info[0]),
+                os.path.join(thin_dest_path, "salt-call"),
+                "--metadata",
+                "--local",
+                "--log-file",
+                os.path.join(thin_dest_path, "log"),
+                "--cachedir",
+                os.path.join(thin_dest_path, "cache"),
+                "--out",
+                "json",
+                "-l",
+                "quiet",
+                "--",
+                function,
+            ]
+            + list(args)
+            + ["{}={}".format(k, v) for (k, v) in safe_kwargs.items()]
+        )
+        try:
+            ret_stdout = run([str(x) for x in salt_argv], snapshot="continue")
+        except salt.exceptions.CommandExecutionError as e:
+            ret_stdout = e.message
+
+        # Process "real" result in stdout
+        try:
+            data = __utils__["json.find_json"](ret_stdout)
+            local = data.get("local", data)
+            if isinstance(local, dict) and "retcode" in local:
+                __context__["retcode"] = local["retcode"]
+            return local.get("return", data)
+        except (KeyError, ValueError):
+            return {"result": False, "comment": ret_stdout}
+    finally:
+        __utils__["files.rm_rf"](thin_dest_path)
+
+        # Check if reboot is needed
+        if activate_transaction and pending_transaction():
+            reboot()
+
+
+def apply_(mods=None, **kwargs):
+    """Apply an state inside a transaction.
+
+    This function will call `transactional_update.highstate` or
+    `transactional_update.sls` based on the arguments passed to this
+    function. It exists as a more intuitive way of applying states.
+
+    For a formal description of the possible parameters accepted in
+    this function, check `state.apply_` documentation.
+
+    activate_transaction
+        If at the end of the transaction there is a pending activation
+        (i.e there is a new snaphot in the system), a new reboot will
+        be scheduled (default False)
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos transactional_update.apply
+        salt microos transactional_update.apply stuff
+        salt microos transactional_update.apply stuff pillar='{"foo": "bar"}'
+        salt microos transactional_update.apply stuff activate_transaction=True
+
+    """
+    if mods:
+        return sls(mods, **kwargs)
+    return highstate(**kwargs)
+
+
+def _create_and_execute_salt_state(
+    chunks, file_refs, test, hash_type, activate_transaction
+):
+    """Create the salt_state tarball, and execute it in a transaction"""
+
+    # Create the tar containing the state pkg and relevant files.
+    salt.client.ssh.wrapper.state._cleanup_slsmod_low_data(chunks)
+    trans_tar = salt.client.ssh.state.prep_trans_tar(
+        salt.fileclient.get_file_client(__opts__), chunks, file_refs, __pillar__
+    )
+    trans_tar_sum = salt.utils.hashutils.get_hash(trans_tar, hash_type)
+
+    ret = None
+
+    # Create a temporary directory accesible later by the transaction
+    # where we can move the salt_state.tgz
+    salt_state_path = tempfile.mkdtemp(dir=__opts__["cachedir"])
+    salt_state_path = os.path.join(salt_state_path, "salt_state.tgz")
+    try:
+        salt.utils.files.copyfile(trans_tar, salt_state_path)
+        ret = call(
+            "state.pkg",
+            salt_state_path,
+            test=test,
+            pkg_sum=trans_tar_sum,
+            hash_type=hash_type,
+            activate_transaction=activate_transaction,
+        )
+    finally:
+        __utils__["files.rm_rf"](salt_state_path)
+
+    return ret
+
+
+def sls(
+    mods, saltenv="base", test=None, exclude=None, activate_transaction=False, **kwargs
+):
+    """Execute the states in one or more SLS files inside a transaction.
+
+    saltenv
+        Specify a salt fileserver environment to be used when applying
+        states
+
+    mods
+        List of states to execute
+
+    test
+        Run states in test-only (dry-run) mode
+
+    exclude
+        Exclude specific states from execution. Accepts a list of sls
+        names, a comma-separated string of sls names, or a list of
+        dictionaries containing ``sls`` or ``id`` keys. Glob-patterns
+        may be used to match multiple states.
+
+    activate_transaction
+        If at the end of the transaction there is a pending activation
+        (i.e there is a new snaphot in the system), a new reboot will
+        be scheduled (default False)
+
+    For a formal description of the possible parameters accepted in
+    this function, check `state.sls` documentation.
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos transactional_update.sls stuff pillar='{"foo": "bar"}'
+        salt microos transactional_update.sls stuff activate_transaction=True
+
+    """
+    # Get a copy of the pillar data, to avoid overwriting the current
+    # pillar, instead the one delegated
+    pillar = copy.deepcopy(__pillar__)
+    pillar.update(kwargs.get("pillar", {}))
+
+    # Clone the options data and apply some default values. May not be
+    # needed, as this module just delegate
+    opts = salt.utils.state.get_sls_opts(__opts__, **kwargs)
+    st_ = salt.client.ssh.state.SSHHighState(
+        opts, pillar, __salt__, salt.fileclient.get_file_client(__opts__)
+    )
+
+    if isinstance(mods, str):
+        mods = mods.split(",")
+
+    high_data, errors = st_.render_highstate({saltenv: mods})
+    if exclude:
+        if isinstance(exclude, str):
+            exclude = exclude.split(",")
+        if "__exclude__" in high_data:
+            high_data["__exclude__"].extend(exclude)
+        else:
+            high_data["__exclude__"] = exclude
+
+    high_data, ext_errors = st_.state.reconcile_extend(high_data)
+    errors += ext_errors
+    errors += st_.state.verify_high(high_data)
+    if errors:
+        return errors
+
+    high_data, req_in_errors = st_.state.requisite_in(high_data)
+    errors += req_in_errors
+    if errors:
+        return errors
+
+    high_data = st_.state.apply_exclude(high_data)
+
+    # Compile and verify the raw chunks
+    chunks = st_.state.compile_high_data(high_data)
+    file_refs = salt.client.ssh.state.lowstate_file_refs(
+        chunks,
+        salt.client.ssh.wrapper.state._merge_extra_filerefs(
+            kwargs.get("extra_filerefs", ""), opts.get("extra_filerefs", "")
+        ),
+    )
+
+    hash_type = opts["hash_type"]
+    return _create_and_execute_salt_state(
+        chunks, file_refs, test, hash_type, activate_transaction
+    )
+
+
+def highstate(activate_transaction=False, **kwargs):
+    """Retrieve the state data from the salt master for this minion and
+    execute it inside a transaction.
+
+    For a formal description of the possible parameters accepted in
+    this function, check `state.highstate` documentation.
+
+    activate_transaction
+        If at the end of the transaction there is a pending activation
+        (i.e there is a new snaphot in the system), a new reboot will
+        be scheduled (default False)
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos transactional_update.highstate
+        salt microos transactional_update.highstate pillar='{"foo": "bar"}'
+        salt microos transactional_update.highstate activate_transaction=True
+
+    """
+    # Get a copy of the pillar data, to avoid overwriting the current
+    # pillar, instead the one delegated
+    pillar = copy.deepcopy(__pillar__)
+    pillar.update(kwargs.get("pillar", {}))
+
+    # Clone the options data and apply some default values. May not be
+    # needed, as this module just delegate
+    opts = salt.utils.state.get_sls_opts(__opts__, **kwargs)
+    st_ = salt.client.ssh.state.SSHHighState(
+        opts, pillar, __salt__, salt.fileclient.get_file_client(__opts__)
+    )
+
+    # Compile and verify the raw chunks
+    chunks = st_.compile_low_chunks()
+    file_refs = salt.client.ssh.state.lowstate_file_refs(
+        chunks,
+        salt.client.ssh.wrapper.state._merge_extra_filerefs(
+            kwargs.get("extra_filerefs", ""), opts.get("extra_filerefs", "")
+        ),
+    )
+    # Check for errors
+    for chunk in chunks:
+        if not isinstance(chunk, dict):
+            __context__["retcode"] = 1
+            return chunks
+
+    test = kwargs.pop("test", False)
+    hash_type = opts["hash_type"]
+    return _create_and_execute_salt_state(
+        chunks, file_refs, test, hash_type, activate_transaction
+    )
+
+
+def single(fun, name, test=None, activate_transaction=False, **kwargs):
+    """Execute a single state function with the named kwargs, returns
+    False if insufficient data is sent to the command
+
+    By default, the values of the kwargs will be parsed as YAML. So,
+    you can specify lists values, or lists of single entry key-value
+    maps, as you would in a YAML salt file. Alternatively, JSON format
+    of keyword values is also supported.
+
+    activate_transaction
+        If at the end of the transaction there is a pending activation
+        (i.e there is a new snaphot in the system), a new reboot will
+        be scheduled (default False)
+
+    CLI Example:
+
+    .. code-block:: bash
+
+        salt microos transactional_update.single pkg.installed name=emacs
+        salt microos transactional_update.single pkg.installed name=emacs activate_transaction=True
+
+    """
+    # Get a copy of the pillar data, to avoid overwriting the current
+    # pillar, instead the one delegated
+    pillar = copy.deepcopy(__pillar__)
+    pillar.update(kwargs.get("pillar", {}))
+
+    # Clone the options data and apply some default values. May not be
+    # needed, as this module just delegate
+    opts = salt.utils.state.get_sls_opts(__opts__, **kwargs)
+    st_ = salt.client.ssh.state.SSHState(opts, pillar)
+
+    # state.fun -> [state, fun]
+    comps = fun.split(".")
+    if len(comps) < 2:
+        __context__["retcode"] = 1
+        return "Invalid function passed"
+
+    # Create the low chunk, using kwargs as a base
+    kwargs.update({"state": comps[0], "fun": comps[1], "__id__": name, "name": name})
+
+    # Verify the low chunk
+    err = st_.verify_data(kwargs)
+    if err:
+        __context__["retcode"] = 1
+        return err
+
+    # Must be a list of low-chunks
+    chunks = [kwargs]
+
+    # Retrieve file refs for the state run, so we can copy relevant
+    # files down to the minion before executing the state
+    file_refs = salt.client.ssh.state.lowstate_file_refs(
+        chunks,
+        salt.client.ssh.wrapper.state._merge_extra_filerefs(
+            kwargs.get("extra_filerefs", ""), opts.get("extra_filerefs", "")
+        ),
+    )
+
+    hash_type = opts["hash_type"]
+    return _create_and_execute_salt_state(
+        chunks, file_refs, test, hash_type, activate_transaction
+    )
diff --git a/salt/utils/systemd.py b/salt/utils/systemd.py
index e830d36ed4..4d902bc920 100644
--- a/salt/utils/systemd.py
+++ b/salt/utils/systemd.py
@@ -1,18 +1,14 @@
-# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
 """
 Contains systemd related help files
 """
-# import python libs
-from __future__ import absolute_import, print_function, unicode_literals
 
 import logging
 import os
 import re
 import subprocess
 
+import salt.utils.path
 import salt.utils.stringutils
-
-# Import Salt libs
 from salt.exceptions import SaltInvocationError
 
 log = logging.getLogger(__name__)
@@ -49,6 +45,27 @@ def booted(context=None):
     return ret
 
 
+def offline(context=None):
+    """Return True is systemd is in offline mode"""
+    contextkey = "salt.utils.systemd.offline"
+    if isinstance(context, dict):
+        if contextkey in context:
+            return context[contextkey]
+    elif context is not None:
+        raise SaltInvocationError("context must be a dictionary if passed")
+
+    # Note that there is a difference from SYSTEMD_OFFLINE=1.  Here we
+    # assume that there is no PID 1 to talk with.
+    ret = not booted(context) and salt.utils.path.which("systemctl")
+
+    try:
+        context[contextkey] = ret
+    except TypeError:
+        pass
+
+    return ret
+
+
 def version(context=None):
     """
     Attempts to run systemctl --version. Returns None if unable to determine
diff --git a/tests/unit/modules/test_chroot.py b/tests/unit/modules/test_chroot.py
index 76811df46e..196e3ad27f 100644
--- a/tests/unit/modules/test_chroot.py
+++ b/tests/unit/modules/test_chroot.py
@@ -1,4 +1,3 @@
-# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
 #
 # Author: Alberto Planas <aplanas@suse.com>
 #
@@ -26,16 +25,13 @@
 :platform:      Linux
 """
 
-# Import Python Libs
-from __future__ import absolute_import, print_function, unicode_literals
 
 import sys
 
+import salt.modules.chroot as chroot
 import salt.modules.chroot as chroot
 import salt.utils.platform
 from salt.exceptions import CommandExecutionError
-
-# Import Salt Testing Libs
 from tests.support.mixins import LoaderModuleMockMixin
 from tests.support.mock import MagicMock, patch
 from tests.support.unit import TestCase, skipIf
@@ -75,6 +71,18 @@ class ChrootTestCase(TestCase, LoaderModuleMockMixin):
         self.assertTrue(chroot.create("/chroot"))
         makedirs.assert_called()
 
+    @patch("salt.modules.chroot.exist")
+    @patch("salt.utils.files.fopen")
+    def test_in_chroot(self, fopen):
+        """
+        Test the detection of chroot environment.
+        """
+        matrix = (("a", "b", True), ("a", "a", False))
+        for root_mountinfo, self_mountinfo, result in matrix:
+            fopen.return_value.__enter__.return_value = fopen
+            fopen.read = MagicMock(side_effect=(root_mountinfo, self_mountinfo))
+            self.assertEqual(chroot.in_chroot(), result)
+
     @patch("salt.modules.chroot.exist")
     def test_call_fails_input_validation(self, exist):
         """
diff --git a/tests/unit/modules/test_rebootmgr.py b/tests/unit/modules/test_rebootmgr.py
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..a84dec2c1c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tests/unit/modules/test_rebootmgr.py
@@ -0,0 +1,302 @@
+import pytest
+import salt.modules.rebootmgr as rebootmgr
+from salt.exceptions import CommandExecutionError
+from tests.support.mixins import LoaderModuleMockMixin
+from tests.support.mock import MagicMock, patch
+from tests.support.unit import TestCase
+
+
+class RebootMgrTestCase(TestCase, LoaderModuleMockMixin):
+    """
+    Test cases for salt.modules.rebootmgr
+    """
+
+    def setup_loader_modules(self):
+        return {rebootmgr: {"__salt__": {}, "__utils__": {}}}
+
+    def test_version(self):
+        """
+        Test rebootmgr.version without parameters
+        """
+        version = "rebootmgrctl (rebootmgr) 1.3"
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": version, "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(rebootmgr.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert rebootmgr.version() == "1.3"
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(["rebootmgrctl", "--version"])
+
+    def test_is_active(self):
+        """
+        Test rebootmgr.is_active without parameters
+        """
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": None, "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(rebootmgr.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert rebootmgr.is_active()
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                ["rebootmgrctl", "is_active", "--quiet"]
+            )
+
+    def test_reboot(self):
+        """
+        Test rebootmgr.reboot without parameters
+        """
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": "output", "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(rebootmgr.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert rebootmgr.reboot() == "output"
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(["rebootmgrctl", "reboot"])
+
+    def test_reboot_order(self):
+        """
+        Test rebootmgr.reboot with order parameter
+        """
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": "output", "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(rebootmgr.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert rebootmgr.reboot("now") == "output"
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                ["rebootmgrctl", "reboot", "now"]
+            )
+
+    def test_reboot_invalid(self):
+        """
+        Test rebootmgr.reboot with invalid parameter
+        """
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": "output", "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(rebootmgr.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+                rebootmgr.reboot("invalid")
+
+    def test_cancel(self):
+        """
+        Test rebootmgr.cancel without parameters
+        """
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": "output", "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(rebootmgr.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert rebootmgr.cancel() == "output"
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(["rebootmgrctl", "cancel"])
+
+    def test_status(self):
+        """
+        Test rebootmgr.status without parameters
+        """
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": "output", "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(rebootmgr.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            # 0 - No reboot requested
+            assert rebootmgr.status() == 0
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                ["rebootmgrctl", "status", "--quiet"]
+            )
+
+    def test_set_strategy_default(self):
+        """
+        Test rebootmgr.set_strategy without parameters
+        """
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": "output", "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(rebootmgr.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert rebootmgr.set_strategy() == "output"
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                ["rebootmgrctl", "set-strategy"]
+            )
+
+    def test_set_strategy(self):
+        """
+        Test rebootmgr.set_strategy with strategy parameter
+        """
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": "output", "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(rebootmgr.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert rebootmgr.set_strategy("best-effort") == "output"
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                ["rebootmgrctl", "set-strategy", "best-effort"]
+            )
+
+    def test_set_strategy_invalid(self):
+        """
+        Test rebootmgr.strategy with invalid parameter
+        """
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": "output", "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(rebootmgr.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+                rebootmgr.set_strategy("invalid")
+
+    def test_get_strategy(self):
+        """
+        Test rebootmgr.get_strategy without parameters
+        """
+        strategy = "Reboot strategy: best-effort"
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": strategy, "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(rebootmgr.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert rebootmgr.get_strategy() == "best-effort"
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                ["rebootmgrctl", "get-strategy"]
+            )
+
+    def test_set_window(self):
+        """
+        Test rebootmgr.set_window with parameters
+        """
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": "output", "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(rebootmgr.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert rebootmgr.set_window("Thu,Fri 2020-*-1,5 11:12:13", "1h") == "output"
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                ["rebootmgrctl", "set-window", "Thu,Fri 2020-*-1,5 11:12:13", "1h"]
+            )
+
+    def test_get_window(self):
+        """
+        Test rebootmgr.get_window without parameters
+        """
+        window = "Maintenance window is set to *-*-* 03:30:00, lasting 01h30m."
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": window, "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(rebootmgr.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert rebootmgr.get_window() == {
+                "time": "*-*-* 03:30:00",
+                "duration": "01h30m",
+            }
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(["rebootmgrctl", "get-window"])
+
+    def test_set_group(self):
+        """
+        Test rebootmgr.set_group with parameters
+        """
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": "output", "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(rebootmgr.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert rebootmgr.set_group("group1") == "output"
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                ["rebootmgrctl", "set-group", "group1"]
+            )
+
+    def test_get_group(self):
+        """
+        Test rebootmgr.get_group without parameters
+        """
+        group = "Etcd lock group is set to group1"
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": group, "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(rebootmgr.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert rebootmgr.get_group() == "group1"
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(["rebootmgrctl", "get-group"])
+
+    def test_set_max(self):
+        """
+        Test rebootmgr.set_max with default parameters
+        """
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": "output", "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(rebootmgr.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert rebootmgr.set_max(10) == "output"
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(["rebootmgrctl", "set-max", 10])
+
+    def test_set_max_group(self):
+        """
+        Test rebootmgr.set_max with group parameter
+        """
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": "output", "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(rebootmgr.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert rebootmgr.set_max(10, "group1") == "output"
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                ["rebootmgrctl", "set-max", "--group", "group1", 10]
+            )
+
+    def test_lock(self):
+        """
+        Test rebootmgr.lock without parameters
+        """
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": "output", "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(rebootmgr.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert rebootmgr.lock() == "output"
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(["rebootmgrctl", "lock"])
+
+    def test_lock_machine_id(self):
+        """
+        Test rebootmgr.lock with machine_id parameter
+        """
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": "output", "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(rebootmgr.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert rebootmgr.lock("machine-id") == "output"
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                ["rebootmgrctl", "lock", "machine-id"]
+            )
+
+    def test_lock_machine_id_group(self):
+        """
+        Test rebootmgr.lock with machine_id and group parameters
+        """
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": "output", "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(rebootmgr.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert rebootmgr.lock("machine-id", "group1") == "output"
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                ["rebootmgrctl", "lock", "--group", "group1", "machine-id"]
+            )
+
+    def test_unlock(self):
+        """
+        Test rebootmgr.unlock without parameters
+        """
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": "output", "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(rebootmgr.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert rebootmgr.unlock() == "output"
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(["rebootmgrctl", "unlock"])
+
+    def test_unlock_machine_id(self):
+        """
+        Test rebootmgr.unlock with machine_id parameter
+        """
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": "output", "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(rebootmgr.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert rebootmgr.unlock("machine-id") == "output"
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                ["rebootmgrctl", "unlock", "machine-id"]
+            )
+
+    def test_unlock_machine_id_group(self):
+        """
+        Test rebootmgr.unlock with machine_id and group parameters
+        """
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": "output", "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(rebootmgr.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert rebootmgr.unlock("machine-id", "group1") == "output"
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                ["rebootmgrctl", "unlock", "--group", "group1", "machine-id"]
+            )
diff --git a/tests/unit/modules/test_transactional_update.py b/tests/unit/modules/test_transactional_update.py
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..08a704c212
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tests/unit/modules/test_transactional_update.py
@@ -0,0 +1,681 @@
+import sys
+
+import pytest
+import salt.modules.transactional_update as tu
+import salt.utils.platform
+from salt.exceptions import CommandExecutionError
+from tests.support.mixins import LoaderModuleMockMixin
+from tests.support.mock import MagicMock, patch
+from tests.support.unit import TestCase, skipIf
+
+
+@skipIf(salt.utils.platform.is_windows(), "Do not run these tests on Windows")
+class TransactionalUpdateTestCase(TestCase, LoaderModuleMockMixin):
+    """
+    Test cases for salt.modules.transactional_update
+    """
+
+    def setup_loader_modules(self):
+        return {tu: {"__salt__": {}, "__utils__": {}}}
+
+    def test__global_params_no_self_update(self):
+        """Test transactional_update._global_params without self_update"""
+        assert tu._global_params(self_update=False) == [
+            "--non-interactive",
+            "--drop-if-no-change",
+            "--no-selfupdate",
+        ]
+
+    def test__global_params_self_update(self):
+        """Test transactional_update._global_params with self_update"""
+        assert tu._global_params(self_update=True) == [
+            "--non-interactive",
+            "--drop-if-no-change",
+        ]
+
+    def test__global_params_no_self_update_snapshot(self):
+        """Test transactional_update._global_params without self_update and
+        snapshot
+
+        """
+        assert tu._global_params(self_update=False, snapshot=10) == [
+            "--non-interactive",
+            "--drop-if-no-change",
+            "--no-selfupdate",
+            "--continue",
+            10,
+        ]
+
+    def test__global_params_no_self_update_continue(self):
+        """Test transactional_update._global_params without self_update and
+        snapshot conitue
+
+        """
+        assert tu._global_params(self_update=False, snapshot="continue") == [
+            "--non-interactive",
+            "--drop-if-no-change",
+            "--no-selfupdate",
+            "--continue",
+        ]
+
+    def test__pkg_params_no_packages(self):
+        """Test transactional_update._pkg_params without packages"""
+        with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+            tu._pkg_params(pkg=None, pkgs=None, args=None)
+
+    def test__pkg_params_pkg(self):
+        """Test transactional_update._pkg_params with single package"""
+        assert tu._pkg_params(pkg="pkg1", pkgs=None, args=None) == ["pkg1"]
+
+    def test__pkg_params_pkgs(self):
+        """Test transactional_update._pkg_params with packages"""
+        assert tu._pkg_params(pkg=None, pkgs="pkg1", args=None) == ["pkg1"]
+        assert tu._pkg_params(pkg=None, pkgs="pkg1 pkg2 ", args=None) == [
+            "pkg1",
+            "pkg2",
+        ]
+        assert tu._pkg_params(pkg=None, pkgs=["pkg1", "pkg2"], args=None) == [
+            "pkg1",
+            "pkg2",
+        ]
+
+    def test__pkg_params_pkg_pkgs(self):
+        """Test transactional_update._pkg_params with packages"""
+        assert tu._pkg_params(pkg="pkg1", pkgs="pkg2", args=None) == [
+            "pkg1",
+            "pkg2",
+        ]
+
+    def test__pkg_params_args(self):
+        """Test transactional_update._pkg_params with argumens"""
+        assert tu._pkg_params(pkg="pkg1", pkgs=None, args="--arg1") == [
+            "--arg1",
+            "pkg1",
+        ]
+        assert tu._pkg_params(pkg="pkg1", pkgs=None, args="--arg1 --arg2") == [
+            "--arg1",
+            "--arg2",
+            "pkg1",
+        ]
+        assert tu._pkg_params(pkg="pkg1", pkgs=None, args=["--arg1", "--arg2"]) == [
+            "--arg1",
+            "--arg2",
+            "pkg1",
+        ]
+
+    def test_transactional_transactional(self):
+        """Test transactional_update.transactional"""
+        matrix = (("/usr/sbin/transactional-update", True), ("", False))
+
+        for path_which, result in matrix:
+            utils_mock = {"path.which": MagicMock(return_value=path_which)}
+
+            with patch.dict(tu.__utils__, utils_mock):
+                assert tu.transactional() is result
+                utils_mock["path.which"].assert_called_with("transactional-update")
+
+    def test_in_transaction(self):
+        """Test transactional_update.in_transaction"""
+        matrix = (
+            ("/usr/sbin/transactional-update", True, True),
+            ("/usr/sbin/transactional-update", False, False),
+            ("", True, False),
+            ("", False, False),
+        )
+
+        for path_which, in_chroot, result in matrix:
+            utils_mock = {"path.which": MagicMock(return_value=path_which)}
+            salt_mock = {"chroot.in_chroot": MagicMock(return_value=in_chroot)}
+
+            with patch.dict(tu.__utils__, utils_mock):
+                with patch.dict(tu.__salt__, salt_mock):
+                    assert tu.in_transaction() is result
+
+    def test_commands_with_global_params(self):
+        """Test commands that only accept global params"""
+        for cmd in [
+            "cleanup",
+            "cleanup_snapshots",
+            "cleanup_overlays",
+            "grub_cfg",
+            "bootloader",
+            "initrd",
+            "kdump",
+            "reboot",
+            "dup",
+            "up",
+            "patch",
+            "migration",
+        ]:
+            salt_mock = {
+                "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(
+                    return_value={"stdout": "output", "retcode": 0}
+                )
+            }
+            with patch.dict(tu.__salt__, salt_mock):
+                assert getattr(tu, cmd)() == "output"
+                salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                    [
+                        "transactional-update",
+                        "--non-interactive",
+                        "--drop-if-no-change",
+                        "--no-selfupdate",
+                        cmd.replace("_", ".")
+                        if cmd.startswith("grub")
+                        else cmd.replace("_", "-"),
+                    ]
+                )
+
+    def test_run_error(self):
+        """Test transactional_update.run with missing command"""
+        with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+            tu.run(None)
+
+    def test_run_string(self):
+        """Test transactional_update.run with command as string"""
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": "output", "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(tu.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert tu.run("cmd --flag p1 p2") == "output"
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                [
+                    "transactional-update",
+                    "--non-interactive",
+                    "--drop-if-no-change",
+                    "--no-selfupdate",
+                    "--quiet",
+                    "run",
+                    "cmd",
+                    "--flag",
+                    "p1",
+                    "p2",
+                ]
+            )
+
+    def test_run_array(self):
+        """Test transactional_update.run with command as array"""
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": "output", "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(tu.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert tu.run(["cmd", "--flag", "p1", "p2"]) == "output"
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                [
+                    "transactional-update",
+                    "--non-interactive",
+                    "--drop-if-no-change",
+                    "--no-selfupdate",
+                    "--quiet",
+                    "run",
+                    "cmd",
+                    "--flag",
+                    "p1",
+                    "p2",
+                ]
+            )
+
+    def test_pkg_commands(self):
+        """Test transactional_update.pkg_* commands"""
+        for cmd in ["pkg_install", "pkg_remove", "pkg_update"]:
+            salt_mock = {
+                "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(
+                    return_value={"stdout": "output", "retcode": 0}
+                )
+            }
+            with patch.dict(tu.__salt__, salt_mock):
+                assert getattr(tu, cmd)("pkg1", "pkg2 pkg3", "--arg") == "output"
+                salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                    [
+                        "transactional-update",
+                        "--non-interactive",
+                        "--drop-if-no-change",
+                        "--no-selfupdate",
+                        "pkg",
+                        cmd.replace("pkg_", ""),
+                        "--arg",
+                        "pkg1",
+                        "pkg2",
+                        "pkg3",
+                    ]
+                )
+
+    def test_rollback_error(self):
+        """Test transactional_update.rollback with wrong snapshot"""
+        with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+            tu.rollback("error")
+
+    def test_rollback_default(self):
+        """Test transactional_update.rollback with default snapshot"""
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": "output", "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(tu.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert tu.rollback() == "output"
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                ["transactional-update", "rollback"]
+            )
+
+    def test_rollback_snapshot_number(self):
+        """Test transactional_update.rollback with numeric snapshot"""
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": "output", "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(tu.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert tu.rollback(10) == "output"
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                ["transactional-update", "rollback", 10]
+            )
+
+    def test_rollback_snapshot_str(self):
+        """Test transactional_update.rollback with string snapshot"""
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": "output", "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(tu.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert tu.rollback("10") == "output"
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                ["transactional-update", "rollback", "10"]
+            )
+
+    def test_rollback_last(self):
+        """Test transactional_update.rollback with last snapshot"""
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"stdout": "output", "retcode": 0})
+        }
+        with patch.dict(tu.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert tu.rollback("last") == "output"
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                ["transactional-update", "rollback", "last"]
+            )
+
+    def test_pending_transaction(self):
+        """Test transactional_update.pending_transaction"""
+        matrix = (
+            (False, ["1", "2+", "3-"], True),
+            (False, ["1", "2-", "3+"], True),
+            (False, ["1", "2", "3*"], False),
+        )
+
+        for in_transaction, snapshots, result in matrix:
+            salt_mock = {
+                "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(
+                    return_value={"stdout": snapshots, "retcode": 0}
+                )
+            }
+
+            tu_in_transaction = "salt.modules.transactional_update.in_transaction"
+            with patch(tu_in_transaction) as in_transaction_mock:
+                in_transaction_mock.return_value = in_transaction
+                with patch.dict(tu.__salt__, salt_mock):
+                    assert tu.pending_transaction() is result
+                    salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                        ["snapper", "--no-dbus", "list", "--columns", "number"]
+                    )
+
+    def test_pending_transaction_in_transaction(self):
+        """Test transactional_update.pending_transaction when in transaction"""
+        tu_in_transaction = "salt.modules.transactional_update.in_transaction"
+        with patch(tu_in_transaction) as in_transaction_mock:
+            in_transaction_mock.return_value = True
+            with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+                tu.pending_transaction()
+
+    def test_call_fails_input_validation(self):
+        """Test transactional_update.call missing function name"""
+        with pytest.raises(CommandExecutionError):
+            tu.call("")
+
+    @patch("tempfile.mkdtemp")
+    def test_call_fails_untar(self, mkdtemp):
+        """Test transactional_update.call when tar fails"""
+        mkdtemp.return_value = "/var/cache/salt/minion/tmp01"
+        utils_mock = {
+            "thin.gen_thin": MagicMock(return_value="/salt-thin.tgz"),
+            "files.rm_rf": MagicMock(),
+        }
+        opts_mock = {"cachedir": "/var/cache/salt/minion"}
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run": MagicMock(return_value="Error"),
+            "config.option": MagicMock(),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(tu.__utils__, utils_mock), patch.dict(
+            tu.__opts__, opts_mock
+        ), patch.dict(tu.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert tu.call("/chroot", "test.ping") == {
+                "result": False,
+                "comment": "Error",
+            }
+
+            utils_mock["thin.gen_thin"].assert_called_once()
+            salt_mock["config.option"].assert_called()
+            salt_mock["cmd.run"].assert_called_once()
+            utils_mock["files.rm_rf"].assert_called_once()
+
+    @patch("tempfile.mkdtemp")
+    def test_call_fails_salt_thin(self, mkdtemp):
+        """Test transactional_update.chroot when fails salt_thin"""
+        mkdtemp.return_value = "/var/cache/salt/minion/tmp01"
+        utils_mock = {
+            "thin.gen_thin": MagicMock(return_value="/salt-thin.tgz"),
+            "files.rm_rf": MagicMock(),
+            "json.find_json": MagicMock(side_effect=ValueError()),
+        }
+        opts_mock = {"cachedir": "/var/cache/salt/minion"}
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run": MagicMock(return_value=""),
+            "config.option": MagicMock(),
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"retcode": 1, "stderr": "Error"}),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(tu.__utils__, utils_mock), patch.dict(
+            tu.__opts__, opts_mock
+        ), patch.dict(tu.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert tu.call("test.ping") == {"result": False, "comment": "Error"}
+
+            utils_mock["thin.gen_thin"].assert_called_once()
+            salt_mock["config.option"].assert_called()
+            salt_mock["cmd.run"].assert_called_once()
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                [
+                    "transactional-update",
+                    "--non-interactive",
+                    "--drop-if-no-change",
+                    "--no-selfupdate",
+                    "--continue",
+                    "--quiet",
+                    "run",
+                    "python{}".format(sys.version_info[0]),
+                    "/var/cache/salt/minion/tmp01/salt-call",
+                    "--metadata",
+                    "--local",
+                    "--log-file",
+                    "/var/cache/salt/minion/tmp01/log",
+                    "--cachedir",
+                    "/var/cache/salt/minion/tmp01/cache",
+                    "--out",
+                    "json",
+                    "-l",
+                    "quiet",
+                    "--",
+                    "test.ping",
+                ]
+            )
+            utils_mock["files.rm_rf"].assert_called_once()
+
+    @patch("tempfile.mkdtemp")
+    def test_call_fails_function(self, mkdtemp):
+        """Test transactional_update.chroot when fails the function"""
+        mkdtemp.return_value = "/var/cache/salt/minion/tmp01"
+        utils_mock = {
+            "thin.gen_thin": MagicMock(return_value="/salt-thin.tgz"),
+            "files.rm_rf": MagicMock(),
+            "json.find_json": MagicMock(side_effect=ValueError()),
+        }
+        opts_mock = {"cachedir": "/var/cache/salt/minion"}
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run": MagicMock(return_value=""),
+            "config.option": MagicMock(),
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(
+                return_value={"retcode": 0, "stdout": "Not found", "stderr": ""}
+            ),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(tu.__utils__, utils_mock), patch.dict(
+            tu.__opts__, opts_mock
+        ), patch.dict(tu.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert tu.call("test.ping") == {"result": False, "comment": "Not found"}
+
+            utils_mock["thin.gen_thin"].assert_called_once()
+            salt_mock["config.option"].assert_called()
+            salt_mock["cmd.run"].assert_called_once()
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                [
+                    "transactional-update",
+                    "--non-interactive",
+                    "--drop-if-no-change",
+                    "--no-selfupdate",
+                    "--continue",
+                    "--quiet",
+                    "run",
+                    "python{}".format(sys.version_info[0]),
+                    "/var/cache/salt/minion/tmp01/salt-call",
+                    "--metadata",
+                    "--local",
+                    "--log-file",
+                    "/var/cache/salt/minion/tmp01/log",
+                    "--cachedir",
+                    "/var/cache/salt/minion/tmp01/cache",
+                    "--out",
+                    "json",
+                    "-l",
+                    "quiet",
+                    "--",
+                    "test.ping",
+                ]
+            )
+            utils_mock["files.rm_rf"].assert_called_once()
+
+    @patch("tempfile.mkdtemp")
+    def test_call_success_no_reboot(self, mkdtemp):
+        """Test transactional_update.chroot when succeed"""
+        mkdtemp.return_value = "/var/cache/salt/minion/tmp01"
+        utils_mock = {
+            "thin.gen_thin": MagicMock(return_value="/salt-thin.tgz"),
+            "files.rm_rf": MagicMock(),
+            "json.find_json": MagicMock(return_value={"return": "result"}),
+        }
+        opts_mock = {"cachedir": "/var/cache/salt/minion"}
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run": MagicMock(return_value=""),
+            "config.option": MagicMock(),
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"retcode": 0, "stdout": ""}),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(tu.__utils__, utils_mock), patch.dict(
+            tu.__opts__, opts_mock
+        ), patch.dict(tu.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert tu.call("test.ping") == "result"
+
+            utils_mock["thin.gen_thin"].assert_called_once()
+            salt_mock["config.option"].assert_called()
+            salt_mock["cmd.run"].assert_called_once()
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                [
+                    "transactional-update",
+                    "--non-interactive",
+                    "--drop-if-no-change",
+                    "--no-selfupdate",
+                    "--continue",
+                    "--quiet",
+                    "run",
+                    "python{}".format(sys.version_info[0]),
+                    "/var/cache/salt/minion/tmp01/salt-call",
+                    "--metadata",
+                    "--local",
+                    "--log-file",
+                    "/var/cache/salt/minion/tmp01/log",
+                    "--cachedir",
+                    "/var/cache/salt/minion/tmp01/cache",
+                    "--out",
+                    "json",
+                    "-l",
+                    "quiet",
+                    "--",
+                    "test.ping",
+                ]
+            )
+            utils_mock["files.rm_rf"].assert_called_once()
+
+    @patch("salt.modules.transactional_update.reboot")
+    @patch("salt.modules.transactional_update.pending_transaction")
+    @patch("tempfile.mkdtemp")
+    def test_call_success_reboot(self, mkdtemp, pending_transaction, reboot):
+        """Test transactional_update.chroot when succeed and reboot"""
+        mkdtemp.return_value = "/var/cache/salt/minion/tmp01"
+        pending_transaction.return_value = True
+        utils_mock = {
+            "thin.gen_thin": MagicMock(return_value="/salt-thin.tgz"),
+            "files.rm_rf": MagicMock(),
+            "json.find_json": MagicMock(return_value={"return": "result"}),
+        }
+        opts_mock = {"cachedir": "/var/cache/salt/minion"}
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run": MagicMock(return_value=""),
+            "config.option": MagicMock(),
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"retcode": 0, "stdout": ""}),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(tu.__utils__, utils_mock), patch.dict(
+            tu.__opts__, opts_mock
+        ), patch.dict(tu.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert (
+                tu.call("transactional_update.dup", activate_transaction=True)
+                == "result"
+            )
+
+            utils_mock["thin.gen_thin"].assert_called_once()
+            salt_mock["config.option"].assert_called()
+            salt_mock["cmd.run"].assert_called_once()
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                [
+                    "transactional-update",
+                    "--non-interactive",
+                    "--drop-if-no-change",
+                    "--no-selfupdate",
+                    "--continue",
+                    "--quiet",
+                    "run",
+                    "python{}".format(sys.version_info[0]),
+                    "/var/cache/salt/minion/tmp01/salt-call",
+                    "--metadata",
+                    "--local",
+                    "--log-file",
+                    "/var/cache/salt/minion/tmp01/log",
+                    "--cachedir",
+                    "/var/cache/salt/minion/tmp01/cache",
+                    "--out",
+                    "json",
+                    "-l",
+                    "quiet",
+                    "--",
+                    "transactional_update.dup",
+                ]
+            )
+            utils_mock["files.rm_rf"].assert_called_once()
+            pending_transaction.assert_called_once()
+            reboot.assert_called_once()
+
+    @patch("tempfile.mkdtemp")
+    def test_call_success_parameters(self, mkdtemp):
+        """Test transactional_update.chroot when succeed with parameters"""
+        mkdtemp.return_value = "/var/cache/salt/minion/tmp01"
+        utils_mock = {
+            "thin.gen_thin": MagicMock(return_value="/salt-thin.tgz"),
+            "files.rm_rf": MagicMock(),
+            "json.find_json": MagicMock(return_value={"return": "result"}),
+        }
+        opts_mock = {"cachedir": "/var/cache/salt/minion"}
+        salt_mock = {
+            "cmd.run": MagicMock(return_value=""),
+            "config.option": MagicMock(),
+            "cmd.run_all": MagicMock(return_value={"retcode": 0, "stdout": ""}),
+        }
+        with patch.dict(tu.__utils__, utils_mock), patch.dict(
+            tu.__opts__, opts_mock
+        ), patch.dict(tu.__salt__, salt_mock):
+            assert tu.call("module.function", key="value") == "result"
+
+            utils_mock["thin.gen_thin"].assert_called_once()
+            salt_mock["config.option"].assert_called()
+            salt_mock["cmd.run"].assert_called_once()
+            salt_mock["cmd.run_all"].assert_called_with(
+                [
+                    "transactional-update",
+                    "--non-interactive",
+                    "--drop-if-no-change",
+                    "--no-selfupdate",
+                    "--continue",
+                    "--quiet",
+                    "run",
+                    "python{}".format(sys.version_info[0]),
+                    "/var/cache/salt/minion/tmp01/salt-call",
+                    "--metadata",
+                    "--local",
+                    "--log-file",
+                    "/var/cache/salt/minion/tmp01/log",
+                    "--cachedir",
+                    "/var/cache/salt/minion/tmp01/cache",
+                    "--out",
+                    "json",
+                    "-l",
+                    "quiet",
+                    "--",
+                    "module.function",
+                    "key=value",
+                ]
+            )
+            utils_mock["files.rm_rf"].assert_called_once()
+
+    @patch("salt.modules.transactional_update._create_and_execute_salt_state")
+    @patch("salt.client.ssh.state.SSHHighState")
+    @patch("salt.fileclient.get_file_client")
+    @patch("salt.utils.state.get_sls_opts")
+    def test_sls(
+        self,
+        get_sls_opts,
+        get_file_client,
+        SSHHighState,
+        _create_and_execute_salt_state,
+    ):
+        """Test transactional_update.sls"""
+        SSHHighState.return_value = SSHHighState
+        SSHHighState.render_highstate.return_value = (None, [])
+        SSHHighState.state.reconcile_extend.return_value = (None, [])
+        SSHHighState.state.requisite_in.return_value = (None, [])
+        SSHHighState.state.verify_high.return_value = []
+
+        _create_and_execute_salt_state.return_value = "result"
+        opts_mock = {
+            "hash_type": "md5",
+        }
+        get_sls_opts.return_value = opts_mock
+        with patch.dict(tu.__opts__, opts_mock):
+            assert tu.sls("module") == "result"
+            _create_and_execute_salt_state.assert_called_once()
+
+    @patch("salt.modules.transactional_update._create_and_execute_salt_state")
+    @patch("salt.client.ssh.state.SSHHighState")
+    @patch("salt.fileclient.get_file_client")
+    @patch("salt.utils.state.get_sls_opts")
+    def test_highstate(
+        self,
+        get_sls_opts,
+        get_file_client,
+        SSHHighState,
+        _create_and_execute_salt_state,
+    ):
+        """Test transactional_update.highstage"""
+        SSHHighState.return_value = SSHHighState
+
+        _create_and_execute_salt_state.return_value = "result"
+        opts_mock = {
+            "hash_type": "md5",
+        }
+        get_sls_opts.return_value = opts_mock
+        with patch.dict(tu.__opts__, opts_mock):
+            assert tu.highstate() == "result"
+            _create_and_execute_salt_state.assert_called_once()
+
+    @patch("salt.modules.transactional_update._create_and_execute_salt_state")
+    @patch("salt.client.ssh.state.SSHState")
+    @patch("salt.utils.state.get_sls_opts")
+    def test_single(self, get_sls_opts, SSHState, _create_and_execute_salt_state):
+        """Test transactional_update.single"""
+        SSHState.return_value = SSHState
+        SSHState.verify_data.return_value = None
+
+        _create_and_execute_salt_state.return_value = "result"
+        opts_mock = {
+            "hash_type": "md5",
+        }
+        get_sls_opts.return_value = opts_mock
+        with patch.dict(tu.__opts__, opts_mock):
+            assert tu.single("pkg.installed", name="emacs") == "result"
+            _create_and_execute_salt_state.assert_called_once()
-- 
2.29.2
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