A general purpose dynamic array implemented as a C callable libraryhttp://judy.sourceforge.net/
Judy is a C library that implements a dynamic array. Empty Judy arrays are
declared with null pointers. A Judy array consumes memory only when
populated yet can grow to take advantage of all available memory. Judy's key
benefits are: scalability, performance, memory efficiency, and ease of use.
Judy arrays are designed to grow without tuning into the peta-element range,
scaling near O(log-base-256) -- 1 more RAM access at 256 X population.
Judy arrays are accessed with insert, retrieve, and delete calls for number
or string indexes. Configuration and tuning are not required -- in fact not
possible. Judy offers sorting, counting, and neighbor/empty searching.
Indexes can be sequential, clustered, periodic, or random -- it doesn't
matter to the algorithm. Judy arrays can be arranged hierarchically to
handle any bit patterns -- large indexes, sets of keys, etc.
Judy is often an improvement over common data structures such as: arrays,
sparse arrays, hash tables, B-trees, binary trees, linear lists, skiplists,
other sort and search algorithms, and counting functions.